Free area of the Republic of China

The free area of the Republic of China,[upper-roman 1] also known as the "Taiwan Area of the Republic of China", "Tai-Min Area (Taiwan and Fujian)" or simply the "Taiwan Area", is a term used by the government of the Republic of China (ROC) to refer to the territories under its actual control.[1][2] The area under the definition consists of the island groups of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu and some minor islands. This term is used in the "Additional Articles of the Constitution of the Republic of China". The term "Tai-Peng-Kin-Ma" is also essentially equivalent except that it only refers to the islands of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu Area, to the exclusion of the South China Sea possessions—Pratas Island (Tungsha/Dongsha) and Taiping Island.[3]

Free area of the Republic of China
中華民國自由地區[upper-roman 1]
Largest citiesNew Taipei
Taichung
Kaohsiung
Taipei
LanguagesMandarin
Taiwanese Hokkien
Hakka
Formosan languages
Matsunese
Ethnic groups
Han Taiwanese
Taiwanese indigenous peoples
Demonym(s)Taiwanese
Chinese
Area
 Total
36,193 km2 (13,974 sq mi)
Population
 2018 census
23,681,968
 Density
650/km2 (1,683.5/sq mi)
CurrencyNew Taiwan Dollar (TWD, NTD)
Time zoneUTC+08:00 (National Standard Time)
Date formatyyyy年mm月dd日
Mains electricity110 V–60 Hz
Driving sideright
Calling code+886
ISO 3166 codeTW
Internet TLD.tw, .台灣, .台湾
Free area of the
Republic of China
Traditional Chinese中華民國自由地區
Simplified Chinese中华民国自由地区
Taiwan area
Traditional Chinese臺灣地區
Simplified Chinese台湾地区
Tai-Peng-Kin-Ma
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese

The term is complementary to "Mainland Area",[4] which is practically viewed as being synonymous to mainland China.[5]