Freedom and Direct Democracy
Freedom and Direct Democracy (Czech: Svoboda a přímá demokracie, SPD) is a hard Eurosceptic, anti-immigration, pro-direct democracy political party in the Czech Republic. The party holds 19 seats in the Czech Chamber of Deputies.
|Deputy Leaders||Radim Fiala|
|Founded||5 May 2015|
|Split from||Dawn of Direct Democracy|
|Headquarters||Rytířská 6, Prague|
|Newspaper||Na vlastní oči|
|Youth wing||Mladí Espéďáci|
|Political position||Right-wing to |
|European affiliation||Identity and Democracy Party|
|European Parliament group||Identity and Democracy|
|Chamber of Deputies|
19 / 200
0 / 81
2 / 21
18 / 675
|Governors of the regions|
0 / 13
155 / 62,300
The party was founded in May 2015 by Tomio Okamura and Radim Fiala when eight Members of Parliament split from the Dawn of Direct Democracy parliamentary group. As the party was newly-formed in that parliamentary term, these MPs sat as independents until the 2017 Czech legislative election. Following that election, the party now holds 22 seats in the Czech Chamber of Deputies.
Freedom and Direct Democracy is named after the European Parliament Eurosceptic political group Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy. The party has links with Marine Le Pen's National Front which is a member of the Europe of Nations and Freedom, a separate Eurosceptic political group in the European Parliament and Marine Le Pen endorsed SPD before the 2017 Czech legislative election.
In December 2017, SPD hosted a conference of the Movement for a Europe of Nations and Freedom in Prague, with parties such as the French National Front, Dutch Party for Freedom, Freedom Party of Austria and Lega Nord of Italy.
The party is opposed to Czech membership of the European Union and calls for the Czech Republic to leave the bloc. The party also wants to pursue a more restrictive immigration policy, particularly towards immigration from Islamic nations, and rejects multiculturalism. It is strongly opposed to illegal immigration and the EU's policy of migrant quotas which it argues will lead to the "Islamization" of Europe. However, the party maintains that it does not want to promote hatred to any nation, group or culture, but argues that Europe's Judeo-Christian identity should be protected.
SPD also supports introducing a system of direct democracy and encouraging citizen participation in politics. It also wants to protect the right to privacy from state surveillance and supports a reduction in VAT tax.
Tomio Okamura often claims that SPD has a membership of thousands of members. In October 2017 he claimed that SPD has 7,000 members, and in November 2017 12,000 members. Doubt has been cast on these figures, with the suggestion that Okamura often conflates numbers of supporters with actual members. It was reported in 2015 that SPD had only 20 members, compared to Okamura's claims of 10,000. The actual number of members is unknown.
Chamber of Deputies
8 / 200
|Split from Dawn||No|
22 / 200
|Election||First round||Second round||Seats||Notes|
0 / 27
0 / 1
|By-election in Trutnov district.|
0 / 1
|By-election in Zlín district. Lubomír Nečas was a SPO candidate supported by SPD.|
0 / 27
155 / 61,892
|Election||Votes||Share of votes in %||Seats obtained||Place|
2 / 21
18 / 675
|6th||Participated in coalition with Party of Civic Rights|
35 / 675
Prague municipal elections
0 / 65
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