French Army

The French Army, officially the Ground Army (French: Armée de Terre [aʀme də tɛʀ], lit.'Army of Land') to distinguish it from the French Air and Space Force (Armée de l'Air et de l'Espace), is the land-based and largest component of the French Armed Forces. It is responsible to the Government of France, along with the other four components of the Armed Forces. The current Chief of Staff of the French Army (CEMAT) is General Thierry Burkhard, a direct subordinate of the Chief of the Defence Staff (CEMA). General Burkhard is also responsible, in part, to the Ministry of the Armed Forces for organization, preparation, use of forces, as well as planning and programming, equipment and Army future acquisitions. For active service, Army units are placed under the authority of the Chief of the Defence Staff (CEMA), who is responsible to the President of France for planning for, and use, of forces.

Ground Army
Armée de Terre
Founded1445
CountryFrance
TypeArmy
Size114,850 active plus 22,750 reserves[1]
Part ofFrench Armed Forces
Nickname(s)La grande muette
"The great mute one"
Motto(s)Honneur et Patrie
"Honour and Fatherland"
Colors on logo:Red, White, and Blue
Engagements
Websitewww.defense.gouv.fr/terre
Commanders
Chef d'État-Major de l'armée de Terre, CEMATGénéral d'armée Pierre Schill
Major général de l'armée de TerreGénéral de corps d'armée Hervé Gomart

According to British historian Niall Ferguson, out of all recorded conflicts which occurred since the year 387 BC, France has fought in 168 of them, won 109, lost 49 and drawn 10; this makes France the most successful military power in European history in terms of number of fought and won.[3]

All soldiers are considered professionals following the suspension of conscription, voted in parliament in 1997 and made effective in 2001.

As of 2019, the French Army employed 114,850 personnel (including the French Foreign Legion and the Paris Fire Brigade). In addition, the reserve element of the French Army consisted of 22,750 personnel.[1]

In 1999, the Army issued the Code of the French Soldier, which includes the injunctions:

Mastering his own strength, he respects his opponent and is careful to spare civilians. He obeys orders while respecting laws, customs of war and international conventions.(...) He is aware of global societies and respects their differences.[4]