French Fifth Republic

The Fifth Republic (French: Cinquième République) is France's current republican system of government. It was established on 4 October 1958 by Charles de Gaulle under the Constitution of the Fifth Republic.[5] The Fifth Republic emerged from the collapse of the Fourth Republic, replacing the former parliamentary republic with a semi-presidential (or dual-executive) system[6] that split powers between a president as head of state and a Prime minister as head of government.[7] Charles de Gaulle, who was the First French president elected under the Fifth Republic in December 1958, believed in a strong head of state, which he described as embodying l'esprit de la nation ("the spirit of the nation").[8]

Fifth French Republic
Cinquième République française (French)
Motto: "Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité" (French)
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Anthem: "La Marseillaise"
Great Seal:
Obverse Reverse
Location of France (dark green)– in Europe (green & dark grey)– in the European Union (green)
Location of France (dark green)

 in Europe (green & dark grey)
 in the European Union (green)

and largest city
48°51.4′N 2°21.05′E
Official language
and national language
French[upper-roman 3]
Secular State
[lower-alpha 1]

In Alsace-Moselle

GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential constitutional republic
Emmanuel Macron
Élisabeth Borne
National Assembly
4 October 1958 (64 years)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Calling code+33[upper-roman 4]
ISO 3166 codeFR
Internet[upper-roman 5]
Preceded by
French Fourth Republic

The Fifth Republic is France's third-longest-lasting political regime, after the hereditary, feudal monarchy of the Ancien Régime and the parliamentary Third Republic (1870 September 41940 July 10). The Fifth Republic will overtake the Third Republic (which lasted 25511 days) as the second-longest French regime and the longest-lasting French republic on 8 August 2028 if it remains unreplaced.

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