Friedrich Schleiermacher

Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher (German: [ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈʃlaɪɐˌmaχɐ]; 21 November 1768 – 12 February 1834) was a German Reformed theologian, philosopher, and biblical scholar known for his attempt to reconcile the criticisms of the Enlightenment with traditional Protestant Christianity. He also became influential in the evolution of higher criticism, and his work forms part of the foundation of the modern field of hermeneutics. Because of his profound effect on subsequent Christian thought, he is often called the "Father of Modern Liberal Theology" and is considered an early leader in liberal Christianity. The neo-orthodoxy movement of the twentieth century, typically (though not without challenge) seen to be spearheaded by Karl Barth, was in many ways an attempt to challenge his influence. As a philosopher he was a leader of German Romanticism.

Friedrich Schleiermacher
Born
Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher

(1768-11-21)21 November 1768
Died12 February 1834(1834-02-12) (aged 65)
Alma materUniversity of Halle (1787–90)[1]
Era18th-/19th-century philosophy
RegionWestern philosophy
SchoolGerman Idealism[2]
Jena Romanticism[3]
Berlin Romanticism[4]
Romantic hermeneutics[5]
Methodological hermeneutics[6]
InstitutionsUniversity of Halle (1804–07)
University of Berlin (1810–34)
Notable studentsAugust Böckh
Friedrich Adolf Trendelenburg
Main interests
Theology, psychology, New Testament exegesis, ethics (both philosophic and Christian), dogmatic and practical theology, dialectics (logic and metaphysics), politics[7]
Notable ideas
Hermeneutics as a cyclical process[8]
Socratic problem

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