Fujian

Fujian /ˌfiˈæn/[6] (福建; alternately romanized as Fukien or Hokkien) is a province on the southeastern coast of China. Fujian is bordered by Zhejiang to the north, Jiangxi to the west, Guangdong to the south, and the Taiwan Strait to the east. Its capital is Fuzhou, while its largest city by population is Quanzhou, both located near the coast of the Taiwan Strait in the east of the province.

Fujian Province
福建省
Name transcription(s)
  Chinese福建省 (Fújiàn Shěng)
  AbbreviationFJ / (pinyin: Mǐn, POJ: Bân)
  FoochowHók-gióng
  Hokkien POJHok-kiàn
Map showing the location of Fujian Province
Coordinates: 25°54′N 118°18′E
CountryChina
Jiangnandong Circuit626
Fujian Circuit985
Partition of Taiwan1887
Fujian People's Government1933-11-20 to 1934-01-13
Division of Fujian1949-08-17
Named for : Fuzhou
Jiàn: Jianzhou
CapitalFuzhou
Largest cityQuanzhou
Divisions9 prefectures, 85[1] counties, 1107[1] townships
Government
  TypeProvince
  BodyFujian Provincial People's Congress
  CCP SecretaryYin Li
  Congress chairmanYin Li
  GovernorWang Ning
  CPPCC chairmanCui Yuying
Area
  Total121,400 km2 (46,900 sq mi)
Area rank23rd
Highest elevation2,158 m (7,080 ft)
Population
 (2020)[3]
  Total41,540,086
  Rank17th
  Density340/km2 (890/sq mi)
  Density rank14th
Demographics
  Ethnic compositionHan – 98%
She – 1%
Hui – 0.3%
  Languages and dialectsMin (inc. Fuzhounese, Northern Min, Central Min, Pu-Xian Min, Hokkien and others), Mandarin, She, Hakka
ISO 3166 codeCN-FJ
GDP (2020)CNY 4.390 trillion
USD 636 billion (7th)[4]
 - per capitaCNY 105,690
USD 15,317 (6th)
 • growth 3.3%
HDI (2018)0.764[5] (high) (11th)
Websitewww.Fujian.gov.cn
Fujian
"Fujian" in Chinese characters
Chinese福建
Literal meaning"Fu(zhou) and Jian(zhou)"
Abbreviation
Simplified Chinese
Traditional Chinese
Literal meaning[the Min River]

While its population is predominantly of Chinese ethnicity, it is one of the most culturally and linguistically diverse provinces in China. The dialects of the language group Min Chinese were most commonly spoken within the province, including the Fuzhou dialect of northeastern Fujian and various Hokkien dialects of southeastern Fujian. Hakka Chinese is also spoken, by the Hakka people in Fujian. Min dialects, Hakka and Mandarin Chinese are mutually unintelligible. Due to emigration, a sizable amount of the ethnic Chinese populations of Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines speak Southern Min (or Hokkien).

With a population of 39 million, Fujian ranks 17th in population among Chinese provinces. Its GDP is CN¥3.58 trillion, ranking 10th in GDP. Along with its coastal neighbours Zhejiang and Guangdong, Fujian's GDP per capita is above the national average, at CN¥92,830. It has benefited from its geographical proximity with Taiwan. As a result of the Chinese Civil War, a small proportion of Historical Fujian is now within the Republic of China (ROC, Taiwan). The Fujian province of the ROC consist of three offshore archipelagos namely the Kinmen Islands, the Matsu Islands and the Wuqiu Islands.