Fuzhou

Fuzhou (/fˈ/;[4] Chinese: 福州; pinyin: Fúzhōu), alternately romanized as Foochow, is the capital and one of the largest cities in Fujian province, China.[5] Along with the many counties of Ningde, those of Fuzhou are considered to constitute the Mindong (lit. Eastern Fujian) linguistic and cultural area.

Fuzhou
福州市
Hokciu
From top, left to right: Black Pagoda of Fuzhou, Xichan Temple Pagoda of Fuzhou; Xichan Temple, City Skyline of Fuzhou; Gulou District of Fuzhou
Location of Fuzhou City jurisdiction in Fujian
Fuzhou
Location in China
Coordinates (Fuzhou municipal government): 26°04′27″N 119°17′47″E
CountryChina
ProvinceFujian
Municipal seatGulou District
Divisions
 - County-level

6 districts, 6 counties,
& 1 County-level cities(2017)
Government
  TypePrefecture-level city
  BodyFuzhou Municipal People's Congress
  CCP SecretaryLin Baojin
  Congress ChairmanChen Weimin
  MayorYou Mengjun
  CPPCC ChairmanHe Jingyan
Area
  Prefecture-level city12,231.9 km2 (4,722.8 sq mi)
  Water4,634 km2 (1,789 sq mi)
  Urban
 (2018)[1]
1,768.2 km2 (682.7 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2020)[2]
  Prefecture-level city8,291,268
  Density680/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
  Urban
 (2020)[2]
4,094,491
  Urban density2,300/km2 (6,000/sq mi)
  Rural
4,196,777
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
350000
Area code(s)591
ISO 3166 codeCN-FJ-01
GDP2018[3]
 - TotalCNY 785.681 billion
US$118.683 billion
 - Per capitaCNY 102,569
US$15,494
 - Growth 8.7%
License plate prefixes闽A
Local dialectFuzhou dialect of the Eastern Min Language
WebsiteFuzhou.gov.cn
Fuzhou
"Fuzhou" in Chinese characters
Chinese福州
PostalFoochow
Literal meaning"Blessed Prefecture"

Fuzhou lies on the north (left) bank of the estuary of Fujian's largest river, the Min River. All along its northern border lies Ningde, and Ningde's Gutian County lies upriver. Its population was 7,115,370 inhabitants as of the 2010 census, of whom 4,408,076 inhabitants are urban representing around 61.95%, while rural population is at 2,707,294 representing around 38.05%.[3] As of 31 December 2018, the total population was estimated at 7,740,000 whom 4,665,000 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of 5 urban districts plus Minhou County.[6] In 2015, Fuzhou was ranked as the 10th fastest growing metropolitan area in the world by Brookings Institution.[7] Fuzhou is listed as No. 20 in China Integrated City Index 2016's total ranking, a study conducted by National Development and Reform Commission.[8]

Fuzhou is also a major city for scientific research, appearing in the global top 100 cities as tracked by the Nature Index.[9] The city is home to several major universities, notably Fuzhou University, one of China's key universities and other public universities, including Fujian Normal University and Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University.