Galician Transversal Railway
The Galician Transversal Railway (German: Galizische Transversalbahn, Polish: Galicyjska Kolej Transwersalna) was a railway system, opened in 1884 in the province of Galicia (Austria-Hungary). It was a state-owned enterprise which ran from west to east, along northern side of the Carpathian Mountains.
The line was constructed in order to connect already existing lines into a continuous east-west route parallel to the main Galician Railway of Archduke Charles Louis route Kraków - Lwów, which would be less exposed to attacks in a war with the Russian Empire. The railway was also supposed to activate underdeveloped mountainous areas of Galicia.
Before construction of the Transversal Railway began, several connections had already existed, such as:
- Zagórz – Krościenko – Chyrów (part of the Lupków – Przemyśl connection, 1872),
- The Dniestr Railway, Chyrów – Sambor – Stryj (1872),
- The Prince Albrecht Railway, Stryj – Dolina – Stanislawów (1873).
- Nowy Sącz – Stroze (part of the Tarnów – Plaveč connection, 1876)
The lines built within the Transversal Railway project totalled 577 kilometers and these were:
- Čadca – Zwardoń – Żywiec – Sucha Beskidzka – Chabówka – Limanowa – Nowy Sącz (together with side lines Suchá – Skawina – Kraków-Plaszów, and Skawina – Oświęcim),
- Stróze – Jasło – Sanok – Zagórz (together with a side line to Gorlice),
- Chryplin (near Stanisławów) – Buczacz – Czortków – Husiatyn.
- Imperial Royal Austrian State Railways
- History of rail transport in Poland
- Galician Railway of Archduke Charles Louis