Galway

Galway (/ˈɡɔːlw/ GAWL-way; Irish: Gaillimh, pronounced [ˈɡal̠ʲɪvʲ]) is a city in the West of Ireland, in the province of Connacht. It is the county town of County Galway, which is named after it. It lies on the River Corrib between Lough Corrib and Galway Bay, and is the sixth most populous city in the island of Ireland and the fourth most populous in the Republic of Ireland, with a population at the 2016 Census of 79,934.[4]

Galway
Gaillimh
City
Top to bottom, left-to-right: Galway Cathedral, National University of Ireland - Galway, Eyre Square, Galway Harbour, The Long Walk
Nickname(s): 
"City of the Tribes", "The Graveyard of Ambition"[1]
Motto(s): 
Laudatio Ejus Manet In Secula Seculorum[2]  (Latin)
"His Praise Remains unto Ages of Ages"
Galway
Galway City in Ireland
Galway
Galway (Europe)
Coordinates: 53°16′19″N 9°2′56″W
CountryRepublic of Ireland
ProvinceConnacht
CountyGalway
Charter awarded1484
Government
  TypeGalway City Council
  Mayor of GalwayMike Cubbard
  LEAs3
  Dáil ÉireannGalway West
  European ParliamentMidlands–North-West
Area
  Total54.2 km2 (20.9 sq mi)
Elevation
25 m (82 ft)
Population
 (2016[4])
  Total79,934
  Rank4th
  Density1,475.2/km2 (3,821/sq mi)
DemonymsGalwegian, Tribesman
Time zoneUTC0 (WET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+1 (IST)
Eircode (Routing Key)
H91
Area code(s)+353 (0)91
Vehicle registrationG
Irish Grid ReferenceM344255
Websitewww.galwaycity.ie
Map of Galway

Located near an earlier settlement, Galway grew around a fortification built by the King of Connacht in 1124. A municipal charter, received in 1484, allowed for the citizens of the then walled city to form a council and mayoralty for the city. Controlled largely by a group of merchant families, the Tribes of Galway, the city grew into a trading port. Following a period of decline, as of the 21st century, the city is a tourist destination and is known for hosting numerous festivals, celebrations and events, including the Galway Arts Festival.[5]

In 2018, Galway was named the European Region of Gastronomy.[6] The city was the European Capital of Culture for 2020, alongside Rijeka, Croatia.