Garhwal Kingdom was an independent Himalayan kingdom in the current north-western Himalayan state of Uttarakhand, India, founded in 688 CE by Kanak Pal, the progenitor of the Panwar dynasty that ruled over the kingdom uninterrupted until 1803 CE.
Kingdom of Garhwal (688–1804 CE)
Princely State of Tehri Garhwal (1816–1947 CE)
|688 CE–1949 CE|
|Common languages||Garhwali, Sanskrit|
• 688–699 CE
|Kanak Pal (first)|
• 1684–1716 CE (peak)
• 1946–1949 CE
|Manabendra Shah (last)|
|Today part of||Garhwal division, Uttarakhand, India|
The kingdom was divided into two parts during the British Raj, namely: the princely state of Garhwal and the Garhwal District of British India. During this period, the princely state of Garhwal was one of the States of the Punjab Hills which became part of the Punjab Hill States Agency although it was not under the Punjab Province administration. The princely state of Garhwal or Independent Garhwal consisted of the present day Tehri Garhwal district and most of the Uttarkashi district. This former state acceded to the Union of India in August 1949 CE.