Garhwal Kingdom

Garhwal Kingdom was an independent Himalayan kingdom in the current north-western Himalayan state of Uttarakhand, India, founded in 688 CE by Kanak Pal, the progenitor of the Panwar dynasty that ruled over the kingdom uninterrupted until 1803 CE.[1][2]

Kingdom of Garhwal (688–1804 CE)
Princely State of Tehri Garhwal (1816–1947 CE)
688 CE–1949 CE
Tehri Garhwal State in The Imperial Gazetteer of India
Common languagesGarhwali, Sanskrit
 688–699 CE
Kanak Pal (first)
 1684–1716 CE (peak)
Fateh Shah
 1946–1949 CE
Manabendra Shah (last)
688 CE
1804 CE
 Restored as a Princely state of British India following the Treaty of Sugauli
1816 CE
1949 CE
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kingdom of Nepal
Dominion of India
Today part ofGarhwal division, Uttarakhand, India

The kingdom was divided into two parts during the British Raj, namely: the princely state of Garhwal and the Garhwal District of British India. During this period, the princely state of Garhwal was one of the States of the Punjab Hills which became part of the Punjab Hill States Agency although it was not under the Punjab Province administration. The princely state of Garhwal or Independent Garhwal consisted of the present day Tehri Garhwal district and most of the Uttarkashi district. This former state acceded to the Union of India in August 1949 CE.

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