Municipalities of the Netherlands

As of January 2021, there are 352 municipalities (Dutch: gemeenten) and three special municipalities (bijzondere gemeenten) in the Netherlands. The latter is the status of three of the six island territories that make up the Dutch Caribbean. Municipalities are the second-level administrative division, or public bodies (openbare lichamen), in the Netherlands and are subdivisions of their respective provinces. Their duties are delegated to them by the central government and they are ruled by a municipal council that is elected every four years. Municipal mergers have reduced the total number of municipalities by two-thirds since the first official boundaries were created in the mid 19th century. Municipalities themselves are informally subdivided into districts and neighbourhoods for administrative and statistical purposes.[1]

Municipalities of the Netherlands
Nederlandse gemeenten  (Dutch)
Map of municipalities of the Netherlands after the mergers of 1 January 2021
Found inProvinces
Number352 (as of 1 January 2021)
Possible types

These municipalities come in a wide range of sizes, Westervoort is the smallest with a land area of 7.03 km2 (2.71 sq mi) and Súdwest-Fryslân the largest with a land area of 523.01 km2 (201.94 sq mi). Schiermonnikoog is both the least populated and the least densely populated municipality at 23/km2 (60/sq mi). Amsterdam has the highest population with 872,757 residents, whereas The Hague is the most densely populated with a density of 6,620/km2 (17,100/sq mi).