A gender role, also known as a sex role, is a social role encompassing a range of behaviors and attitudes that are generally considered acceptable, appropriate, or desirable for a person based on that person's sex. Gender roles are usually centered on conceptions of masculinity and femininity, although there are exceptions and variations. The specifics regarding these gendered expectations may vary among cultures, while other characteristics may be common throughout a range of cultures. As well as cultural influence, gender roles are partially informed by biological and genetic factors.
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Gender roles influence a wide range of human behavior, often including the clothing a person chooses to wear, the profession a person pursues, and the personal relationships a person enters.