Geography of Georgia (country)

Georgia is a country in the Caucasus region, at the intersection of Eastern Europe and Western Asia.[2] It lies on the coast of the Black Sea and is bordered to the north and northeast by Russia, to the south by Turkey and Armenia, and to the southeast by Azerbaijan.

Geography of Georgia
ContinentEurasia
RegionCaucasus
Coordinates42°00′N 43°30′E
AreaRanked 119
  Total69,700 km2 (26,900 sq mi)
  Land100%
  Water0%
Coastline310 km (190 mi)
Borders1,814 km (1,127 mi)
Highest pointMount Shkhara 5,201 m (17,064 ft)
Lowest pointBetween Poti and Kulevi, (-1.5-2.3 m)[1]
Longest riverAlazani River 407 km (253 mi)
Largest lakeParavani Lake, 37.5 km2 (14.5 sq mi)
ClimateTemperate to subtropical
TerrainMountainous with a coastal plain
Natural resourcestimber, hydropower, manganese deposits, iron ore, copper, minor coal and petroleum deposits; coastal climate and soils allow for important tea and citrus growth
Natural hazardsearthquakes
Environmental issuesair and water pollution, soil pollution from toxic chemicals
Exclusive economic zone21,946 km2 (8,473 sq mi)