George Sutherland

George Alexander Sutherland (March 25, 1862  July 18, 1942) was an English-born U.S. jurist and politician. One of four appointments to the Supreme Court by President Warren G. Harding, he served as an Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court between 1922 and 1938. As a member of the Republican Party, he also represented Utah in both houses of Congress.

George A. Sutherland
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
In office
September 5, 1922  January 17, 1938[1]
Nominated byWarren G. Harding
Preceded byJohn Hessin Clarke
Succeeded byStanley Forman Reed
United States Senator
from Utah
In office
March 4, 1905  March 3, 1917
Preceded byThomas Kearns
Succeeded byWilliam King
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Utah's at-large district
In office
March 4, 1901  March 3, 1903
Preceded byWilliam King
Succeeded byJoseph Howell
Personal details
Born
George Alexander Sutherland

(1862-03-25)March 25, 1862
Stony Stratford, Buckinghamshire, England, U.K.
DiedJuly 18, 1942(1942-07-18) (aged 80)
Stockbridge, Massachusetts, U.S.
Political partyLiberal (1883–1896)
Republican (1896–1942)
Spouse(s)
Rosamond Lee
(m. 1883)
Children3
EducationBrigham Young University (BA)
University of Michigan

Born in Buckinghamshire, England, Sutherland and his family moved to Utah Territory in the 1860s. After attending the University of Michigan Law School, Sutherland established a legal practice in Provo, Utah and won election to the Utah State Senate. Sutherland won election to the United States House of Representatives in 1900 and to the United States Senate in 1905. In Congress, Sutherland supported several progressive policies but generally aligned with the party's conservative wing. He won re-election in 1911 but was defeated in the 1916 election by Democrat William H. King.

Harding successfully nominated Sutherland to the Supreme Court in 1922 to fill the vacancy caused by the retirement of Associate Justice John Hessin Clarke. Sutherland made up part of the "Four Horsemen", a group of conservative justices that often voted to strike down New Deal legislation. He retired from the Supreme Court in 1938, and was succeeded by Stanley Forman Reed. Sutherland wrote the Court's majority opinion in cases such as Village of Euclid, Ohio v. Ambler Realty Co., Powell v. Alabama, carter v carter coal co. Adkins v. Children's Hospital and U.S. v. Curtiss-Wright Export Corp..