Gerald Balfour, 2nd Earl of Balfour

Gerald William Balfour, 2nd Earl of Balfour, PC (9 April 1853 – 14 January 1945), known as Gerald Balfour or The Rt Hon. G. W. Balfour until 1930, was a senior British Conservative politician who became a peer on the death of his brother, former prime minister Arthur Balfour, in 1930.


The Earl of Balfour

Gerald Balfour in an 1899 portrait
by George Frederic Watts.
President of the Board of Trade
In office
12 November 1900  14 March 1905
MonarchVictoria
Edward VII
Prime MinisterThe Marquess of Salisbury
Arthur Balfour
Preceded byCharles Ritchie
Succeeded byThe Marquess of Salisbury
President of the Local Government Board
In office
14 March 1905  4 December 1905
MonarchEdward VII
Prime MinisterArthur Balfour
Preceded byWalter Long
Succeeded byJohn Burns
Chief Secretary for Ireland
In office
21 June 1895  9 November 1900
MonarchVictoria
Prime MinisterThe Marquess of Salisbury
Preceded byJohn Morley
Succeeded byGeorge Wyndham
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
In office
19 March 1930  14 January 1945
Hereditary peerage
Preceded byThe 1st Earl of Balfour
Succeeded byThe 3rd Earl of Balfour
Member of Parliament
for Leeds Central
In office
18 December 1885  8 February 1906
Preceded byConstituency created
Succeeded byRobert Armitage
Personal details
Born(1853-04-09)9 April 1853
Died14 January 1945(1945-01-14) (aged 91)
NationalityBritish
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)
Lady Betty Bulwer-Lytton
(m. 1887; died 1942)
Children6
ParentsJames Maitland Balfour
Lady Blanche Gascoyne-Cecil
Alma materTrinity College, Cambridge