German Tarok

German Tarok, sometimes known as Sansprendre or simply Tarok, is a historical Ace-Ten card game for three players that emerged in the 18th century and is the progenitor of a family of games still played today in Europe and North America. It became very popular in Bavaria and Swabia during the 19th century before being largely superseded by Schafkopf, but has survived in the local forms of Bavarian Tarock and Tapp. During the mid-19th century, it became the most popular card game among Munich's middle classes and was also played by notable Bavarian author Ludwig Thoma, frequently appearing in his novels and journal articles.

German Tarok
Hearts: the preference suit
OriginBavaria
Alternative namesGerman Tarock, Tarok, Sansprendre. Native names: Deutsch-Tarok, Deutscher Tarock, Tarock
TypePoint-trick
FamilyGerman Tarok group
Players3
Age range10+
Cards36
DeckGerman, Bavarian or Württemberg pattern
PlayClockwise
Card rank (highlow)A, 10, K, O, U, 9, 8, 7, 6
Playing time6 min/deal
Related games
Bauerntarock  Bavarian Tarock  Frog  Grosstarock  Tapp
Contracts: Frage, Solo and Heart Solo; no point bidding.

German Tarok originated in an attempt to play the Tarot game of Grosstarock with a standard 36-card German-suited pack instead of Tarot cards, but later evolved into a much more interesting game featuring bidding and a suit of preference. The family of games descended from German Tarok includes Austrian Bauerntarock, Mexican Rana and the American games of Frog and Six-Bid Solo.


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