German public bank
The German banking system is structured in three different pillars, totally separated from each other. They typically differ in their legal form and the ownership. Private banks, represented by banks like Deutsche Bank or Commerzbank as listed companies, and Hauck & Aufhäuser or Bankhaus Lampe as less known private companies, are part of the first pillar. The second pillar is composed of co-operative banks like the numerous Volksbanken and Raiffeisenbanken. They are based on a member-structure where each member, independently from its capital share, has one vote. The third pillar consists of public banks, which are a legally defined arm of the banking industry in Germany. They are further divided into two main groups.
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The German Savings Banks Finance Group (Sparkassen-Finanzgruppe) is the most numerous sub-sector with 431 savings banks using the Sparkasse brand, 8 Landesbanken including the DekaBank using separate brands and 10 real-estate financing banks using the LBS brand. The Deutscher Sparkassen- und Giroverband (German Savings Banks and Clearing Association, DSGV) represents the interests of the Sparkassen-Finanzgruppe on a national and international level concerning law and the financial services industry. It also coordinates, promotes and harmonises the interests of Sparkassen.