Germany national football team

Nickname(s)Nationalelf (national eleven)
DFB-Elf (DFB Eleven)
Die Mannschaft (The Team)[lower-alpha 1]
AssociationDeutscher Fußball-Bund (DFB)
Head coachHansi Flick
CaptainManuel Neuer
Most capsLothar Matthäus (150)
Top scorerMiroslav Klose (71)
First colours
Second colours
FIFA ranking
Current 12 (27 May 2021)[3]
Highest1[4] (December 1992 – August 1993, December 1993 – March 1994, June 1994, July 2014 – June 2015, July 2017, September 2017 – June 2018)
Lowest22[4] (March 2006)
First international
  Switzerland 5–3 Germany 
(Basel, Switzerland; 5 April 1908)[5]
Biggest win
 Germany 16–0 Russian Empire 
(Stockholm, Sweden; 1 July 1912)[6]
Biggest defeat
 England Amateurs 9–0 Germany 
(Oxford, England; 13 March 1909)[7][lower-alpha 2]
World Cup
Appearances19 (first in 1934)
Best resultChampions (1954, 1974, 1990, 2014)
European Championship
Appearances13 (first in 1972)
Best resultChampions (1972, 1980, 1996)
FIFA Confederations Cup
Appearances3 (first in 1999)
Best resultChampions (2017)

The Germany national football team (German: Deutsche Fußballnationalmannschaft or Die Mannschaft) represents Germany in men's international football and played its first match in 1908.[5] The team is governed by the German Football Association (Deutscher Fußball-Bund), founded in 1900.[8][9] Between 1949 and 1990, separate German national teams were recognised by FIFA due to Allied occupation and division: the DFB's team representing the Federal Republic of Germany (named West Germany from 1949 to 1990), the Saarland team representing the Saar Protectorate (1950–1956) and the East German team representing the German Democratic Republic (1952–1990). The latter two were absorbed along with their records;[10][11] the present team represents the reunified Federal Republic. The official name and code "Germany FR (FRG)" was shortened to "Germany (GER)" following reunification in 1990.

Germany is one of the most successful national teams in international competitions, having won four World Cups (1954, 1974, 1990, 2014), three European Championships (1972, 1980, 1996), and one Confederations Cup (2017).[8] They have also been runners-up three times in the European Championships, four times in the World Cup, and a further four third-place finishes at World Cups.[8] East Germany won Olympic Gold in 1976.[12] Germany is the only nation to have won both the FIFA World Cup and the FIFA Women's World Cup.[13][14] At the end of the 2014 World Cup, Germany earned the highest Elo rating of any national football team in history, with a record 2,205 points.[15] Germany is also the only European nation that has won a FIFA World Cup in the Americas.

Joachim Löw, who served as head coach since 2006 and on the coaching staff since 2004, stepped down after the UEFA Euro 2020 in 2021. He was replaced by former Bayern head coach Hansi Flick.


Early years (1899–1942)

German national team at its first official international match in 1908

On 18 April 1897, an early international game on German soil was played in Hamburg when a selection team from the Danish Football Association defeated a selection team from the Hamburg-Altona Football Association, 5–0.[16][17]

Between 1899 and 1901, prior to the formation of a national team, there were five unofficial international matches between German and English selection teams, which all ended as large defeats for the German teams. Eight years after the establishment of the German Football Association (DFB), the first official match of the Germany national football team[18] was played on 5 April 1908, against Switzerland in Basel, with the Swiss winning 5–3.[5]

Julius Hirsch was the first Jewish player to represent the Germany national football team, which he joined in 1911.[19][20] Hirsch scored four goals for Germany against the Netherlands in 1912, becoming the first German to score four goals in a single match.[21][22]

Gottfried Fuchs

Gottfried Fuchs scored a world record 10 goals for Germany in a 16–0 win against Russia at the 1912 Olympics in Stockholm on 1 July, becoming the top scorer of the tournament; his international record was not surpassed until 2001 when Australia's Archie Thompson scored 13 goals in a 31–0 defeat of American Samoa.[23] He was Jewish, and the German Football Association erased all references to him from their records between 1933 and 1945.[24][25] As of 2016, he was still the top German scorer for one match.[26]

The first match after World War I in 1920, the first match after World War II in 1950 when Germany was still banned from most international competitions, and the first match in 1990 with former East German players were all against Switzerland as well. Germany's first championship title was even won in Switzerland in 1954.

At that time the players were selected by the DFB, as there was no dedicated coach. The first manager of the Germany national team was Otto Nerz, a school teacher from Mannheim, who served in the role from 1926 to 1936.[27] The German FA could not afford travel to Uruguay for the first World Cup staged in 1930 during the Great Depression, but finished third in the 1934 World Cup in their first appearance in the competition. After a poor showing at the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin, Sepp Herberger became coach. In 1937 he put together a squad which was soon nicknamed the Breslau Elf (the Breslau Eleven) in recognition of their 8–0 win over Denmark in the then German city of Breslau, Lower Silesia (now Wrocław, Poland).[28][29]

After Austria became part of Germany in the Anschluss of March 1938, that country's national team – one of Europe's best sides at the time due to professionalism – was disbanded despite having already qualified for the 1938 World Cup. Nazi politicians ordered five or six ex-Austrian players, from the clubs Rapid Vienna, Austria Vienna, and First Vienna FC, to join the all-German team on short notice in a staged show of unity for political reasons. In the 1938 World Cup that began on 4 June, this "united" German team managed only a 1–1 draw against Switzerland and then lost the replay 2–4 in front of a hostile crowd in Paris, France. That early exit stands as Germany's worst World Cup result, and one of just two occasions the team failed to progress the group stage (the next would not occur until the 2018 tournament).

During World War II, the team played over 30 international games between September 1939 and November 1942. National team games were then suspended, as most players had to join the armed forces. Many of the national team players were gathered together under coach Herberger as Rote Jäger through the efforts of a sympathetic air force officer trying to protect the footballers from the most dangerous wartime service.

Three German national teams (1945–1990)

After World War II, Germany was banned from competition in most sports until 1950. The DFB was not a full member of FIFA, and none of the three new German states West Germany, East Germany, and Saarland – entered the 1950 World Cup qualifiers.

The Federal Republic of Germany, which was referred to as West Germany, continued the DFB. With recognition by FIFA and UEFA, the DFB maintained and continued the record of the pre-war team. Switzerland was once again the first team that played West Germany in 1950.[30] West Germany qualified for the 1954 World Cup.

The Saarland, under French control between 1946 and 1956, did not join French organisations, and was barred from participating in pan-German ones. It sent their own team to the 1952 Summer Olympics and to the 1954 World Cup qualifiers. In 1957, Saarland acceded to the Federal Republic of Germany.

In 1949, the communist German Democratic Republic (East Germany) was founded. In 1952 the Deutscher Fußball-Verband der DDR (DFV) was established and the East Germany national football team took to the field. They were the only team to beat the 1974 FIFA World Cup winning West Germans in the only meeting of the two sides of the divided nation. East Germany won the gold medal at the 1976 Olympics. After German reunification in 1990, the eastern football competition was reintegrated into the DFB.

1954 World Cup victory

Helmut Rahn scored the winning goal in the 1954 FIFA World Cup final.

West Germany, captained by Fritz Walter, met in the 1954 World Cup against Turkey, Yugoslavia and Austria. When playing favourites Hungary in the group stage, Germany lost 3–8. West Germany met the Hungarian "Mighty Magyars" again in the final. Hungary had gone unbeaten for 32 consecutive matches. In an upset, West Germany won 3–2, with Helmut Rahn scoring the winning goal.[31] The success is called "The Miracle of Bern" (Das Wunder von Bern).[32]

Memorable losses: Wembley goal and game of the century (1958–1970)

After finishing fourth in the 1958 World Cup and reaching only the quarter-finals in the 1962 World Cup, the DFB made changes. Professionalism was introduced, and the best clubs from the various Regionalligas were assembled into the new Bundesliga. In 1964, Helmut Schön took over as coach, replacing Herberger who had been in office for 28 years.

In the 1966 World Cup, West Germany reached the final after beating the USSR in the semi-final, facing hosts England. In extra time, the first goal by Geoff Hurst was one of the most contentious goals in the history of the World Cup: the linesman signalled the ball had crossed the line for a goal, after bouncing down from the crossbar, when replays showed it did not appear to have fully crossed the line. Hurst then scored another goal giving England a 4–2 win.[33][34]

West Germany in the 1970 World Cup knocked England out in the quarter-finals 3–2, before they suffered a 4–3 extra-time loss in the semi-final against Italy. This match with five goals in extra time is one of the most dramatic in World Cup history, and is called the "Game of the Century" in both Italy and Germany.[35][36] West Germany claimed third by beating Uruguay 1–0. Gerd Müller finished as the tournament's top scorer with 10 goals.

1974 World Cup title on home soil

1974 FIFA World Cup Final on 7 July 1974, in Munich (Olympiastadion)

In 1971, Franz Beckenbauer became captain of the national team, and he led West Germany to victory at the European Championship at Euro 1972, defeating the Soviet Union 3–0 in the final.[37][38]

As hosts of the 1974 World Cup, they won their second World Cup, defeating the Netherlands 2–1 in the final in Munich.[39] Two matches in the 1974 World Cup stood out for West Germany. The first group stage saw a politically charged match as West Germany played a game against East Germany. The East Germans won 1–0.[40] The West Germans advanced to the final against the Johan Cruijff-led Dutch team and their brand of "Total Football". The Dutch took the lead from a penalty. However, West Germany tied the match on a penalty by Paul Breitner, and won it with Gerd Müller's fine finish soon after.[41][42]

Late 1970s and early 1980s

Gerd Müller in 2006

West Germany failed to defend their titles in the next two major international tournaments. They lost to Czechoslovakia in the final of Euro 1976 in a penalty shootout 5–3.[43] Since that loss, Germany has not lost a penalty shootout in major international tournaments.[44]

In the 1978 World Cup, Germany was eliminated in the second group stage after losing 3–2 to Austria. Schön retired as coach afterward, and the post was taken over by his assistant, Jupp Derwall.

West Germany's first tournament under Derwall was successful, as they earned their second European title at Euro 1980 after defeating Belgium 2–1 in the final.[45] West Germany reached the final of the 1982 World Cup, though not without difficulties. They were upset 1–2 by Algeria in their first match,[46] but advanced to the second round with a controversial 1–0 win over Austria. In the semi-final against France, they tied the match 3–3 and won the penalty shootout 5–4.[47][48] In the final, they were defeated by Italy 1–3.[49]

During this period, West Germany's Gerd Müller racked up fourteen goals in two World Cups (1970 and 1974). His ten goals in 1970 are the third-most ever in a tournament. (Müller's all-time World Cup record of 14 goals was broken by Ronaldo in 2006; this was then further broken by Miroslav Klose in 2014 with 16 goals).[50]

Beckenbauer's managing success (1984–1990)

Franz Beckenbauer

After West Germany were eliminated in the first round of Euro 1984, Franz Beckenbauer returned to the national team to replace Derwall as manager.[51] At the 1986 World Cup in Mexico, West Germany finished as runners-up for the second consecutive tournament after beating France 2–0 in the semi-finals, but losing to the Diego Maradona-led Argentina in the final, 2–3.[52][53] In Euro 1988, after drawing Italy 1-1 and beating both Denmark and Spain 2-0 in the group stage,[54] West Germany's hopes of winning the tournament on home soil were spoiled by the Netherlands, as the Dutch beat them 2–1 in the semi-finals.[55][56]

At the 1990 World Cup in Italy, West Germany won their third World Cup title, in its unprecedented third consecutive final appearance.[57] Captained by Lothar Matthäus, they defeated Yugoslavia (4–1), UAE (5–1), the Netherlands (2–1), Czechoslovakia (1–0), and England (1–1, 4–3 on penalty kicks) on the way to a final rematch against Argentina, played in the Italian capital of Rome.[58][59] West Germany won 1–0, with the only goal being a penalty scored in the 85th minute by Andreas Brehme.[57] Beckenbauer, who won the World Cup as the national team's captain in 1974, thus became the second person to win the World Cup as both captain and manager.[51]

Olympic football

Medal record
Olympic Games
1988 Seoul Team

Prior to 1984, Olympic football was an amateur event, meaning that only non-professional players could participate,[note 1] due to this, West Germany was never able to achieve the same degree of success at the Olympics as at the World Cup. The first medal coming in the 1988 Olympics, when they won the bronze medal after beating Italy 3-0 in the 3rd place match.[60] West Germany also reached the second round in both 1972 and 1984. On the other hand, due to having an ability to field its top-level players who were classified as amateurs on a technicality East Germany did better, winning a gold, a silver and two bronze medals (one representing the United Team of Germany).

Berti Vogts years (1990–1998)

Berti Vogts

In February 1990, months after the fall of the Berlin Wall, East Germany and West Germany were drawn together in UEFA Euro 1992 qualifying Group 5. In November 1990, the East German association Deutscher Fußball-Verband integrated into the DFB, by which time the East German team had ceased operations, playing its last match on 12 September 1990. The unified German national team completed the European Championship qualifying group. The East German 1990–91 league continued, with a restructuring of German leagues in 1991–92. The first game with a unified German team was against Sweden on 10 October.[61]

After the 1990 World Cup, assistant Berti Vogts took over as the national team coach from the retiring Beckenbauer. In Euro 1992, Germany reached the final, but lost 0–2 to underdogs Denmark.[62] In the 1994 World Cup, they were upset 1–2 in the quarterfinals by Bulgaria.[63][64]

Reunified Germany won its first major international title at Euro 1996, becoming European champions for the third time.[65] They defeated hosts England in the semi-finals,[66] and the Czech Republic 2–1 in the final on a golden goal in extra time.[67]

However, in the 1998 World Cup, Germany were eliminated in the quarterfinals in a 0–3 defeat to Croatia, all goals being scored after defender Christian Wörns received a straight red card.[68] Vogts stepped down afterwards and was replaced by Erich Ribbeck.[69]

Erich Ribbeck and Rudi Völler years (2000–2004)

In Euro 2000, the team went out in the first round, drawing with Romania, then suffering a 1–0 defeat to England and were routed 3–0 by Portugal (which fielded their backup players, having already advanced).[70] Ribbeck resigned, and was replaced by Rudi Völler.[71]

Coming into the 2002 World Cup, expectations of the German team were low due to poor results in the qualifiers and not directly qualifying for the finals for the first time. The team advanced through group play, and in the knockout stages they produced three consecutive 1–0 wins against Paraguay,[72] the United States,[73] and co-hosts South Korea. Oliver Neuville scored two minutes from time against Paraguay and Michael Ballack scored both goals in the US and South Korea games, although he picked up a second yellow card against South Korea for a tactical foul and was suspended for the subsequent match.[74] This set up a final against Brazil, the first World Cup meeting between the two. Germany lost 0–2 thanks to two Ronaldo goals.[75] Nevertheless, German captain and goalkeeper Oliver Kahn won the Golden Ball,[76] the first time in the World Cup that a goalkeeper was named the best player of the tournament.[77]

Fans watching Germany battle Argentina in the 2006 World Cup match at the Donau Arena in Regensburg

Germany again exited in the first round of Euro 2004, drawing their first two matches and losing the third to the Czech Republic (who had fielded a second-string team).[78] Völler resigned afterwards, and Jürgen Klinsmann was appointed head coach.[79][80]

Resurgence under Klinsmann (2004-2006)

Klinsmann's main task was to lead the national team to a good showing at the 2006 World Cup in Germany. Klinsmann relieved goalkeeper Kahn of the captaincy and announced that Kahn and longtime backup Jens Lehmann would be competing for the position of starting goaltender, a decision that angered Kahn and Lehmann eventually won that contest.[81] Expectations for the team were low, which was not helped by veteran defender Christian Wörns being dropped (after Wörns criticised Klinsmann for designating him only as a backup player on the squad), a choice roundly panned in Germany. Italy routed Germany 4–1 in a March exhibition game, and Klinsmann bore the brunt of the criticism as the team was ranked only 22nd in the world entering the 2006 FIFA World Cup.[82]

As World Cup hosts, Germany won all three group-stage matches to finish top of their group. The team defeated Sweden 2–0 in the round of 16.[83] Germany faced Argentina in the quarter-finals. The match ended 1–1, and Germany won the penalty shootout 4–2.[84] In the semi-final against Italy, the match was scoreless until near the end of extra time when Germany conceded two goals.[85] In the third place match, Germany defeated Portugal 3–1.[86] Miroslav Klose was awarded the Golden Boot for his tournament-leading five goals.[87]

Löw era (2006–2021)

Germany's entry into the Euro 2008 qualifying round was marked by the promotion of Joachim Löw to head coach, since Klinsmann resigned.[88] At UEFA Euro 2008, Germany won two out of three matches in group play to advance to the knockout round.[89] They defeated Portugal 3–2 in the quarterfinal,[90] and won their semi-final against Turkey.[91] Germany lost the final against Spain 0–1, finishing as the runners-up.[92]

At UEFA Euro 2000 in the Netherlands and Belgium, Germany's squad was still homogeneous. Apart from Brazilian striker Paulo Rink, there were only two players, Dariusz Wosz, born in Poland, and Mehmet Scholl, whose biological father came from Turkey, who had at least one foreign parent or were born abroad. At the 2010 World Cup in South Africa - apart from striker Cacau, who also comes from Brazil and received German citizenship in 2009 - there were no less than ten players who were born abroad or had at least one foreign parent. Piotr Trochowski, Miroslav Klose and Lukas Podolski were born in Poland, Marko Marin was born in the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the fathers of Jérôme Boateng and Dennis Aogo come from Africa (Ghana and Nigeria respectively), Sami Khedira's father is a Tunisian, Mario Gomez's father is from Spain and the parents of Serdar Tasci and Mesut Özil are originally from Turkey.[93] In the 2010 World Cup, Germany won the group and advanced to the knockout stage. In the round of 16, Germany defeated England 4–1.[94] The game controversially had a valid goal by Frank Lampard disallowed.[95][96][97] In the quarterfinals, Germany defeated Argentina 4–0,[98] and Miroslav Klose tied German Gerd Müller's record of 14 World Cup goals.[99] In the semi-final, Germany lost 1–0 to Spain.[100] Germany defeated Uruguay 3–2 to take third place (their second third place after 2006).[101] German Thomas Müller won the Golden Boot and the Best Young Player Award.[102][103]

Germany during Euro 2012 qualifiers

In Euro 2012, Germany was placed in group B along with Portugal, Netherlands, and Denmark. Germany won all three group matches. Germany defeated Greece in the quarter-final and set a record of 15 consecutive wins in all competitive matches.[104] In the semi-finals, Germany lost to Italy, 1–2.

2014 World Cup victory

Germany lifting the World Cup trophy in 2014

Germany finished first in their qualification group for the 2014 World Cup. The draw for the 2014 World Cup finals placed Germany in Group G,[105] with Portugal, Ghana, and United States. They first faced Portugal in a match billed by some as the "team of all the talents against the team of The Talent (Cristiano Ronaldo)", routing the Portuguese 4–0 thanks to a hat-trick by Thomas Müller.[106][107] In their match with Ghana, they led the game with Götze's second half goal, but then conceded two consecutive goals, then at the 71st minute Klose scored a goal to help Germany to draw 2–2 with Ghana. With that goal, Klose also nudged home his 15th World Cup goal to join former Brazil striker Ronaldo at the pinnacle of World Cup Finals scorers. They then went on to defeat the United States team 1–0, securing them a spot in the round of sixteen against Algeria.

The round of sixteen knockout match against Algeria remained goalless after regulation time, resulting in extra time. In the 92nd minute, André Schürrle scored a goal from a Thomas Müller pass. Mesut Özil scored Germany's second goal in the 120th minute. Algeria managed to score one goal in injury time and the match ended 2–1. Germany secured a place in the quarter-final, where they would face France.

In the quarter-final match against France, Mats Hummels scored in the 13th minute. Germany won the game 1–0 to advance to a record fourth consecutive semi-finals.[108]

Germany posing with Champions banner after 2014 FIFA World Cup Final

The semi-final win (7–1) against Brazil was a major accomplishment. Germany scored four goals in just less than seven minutes and were 5–0 up against Brazil by the 30th minute with goals from Thomas Müller, Miroslav Klose, Sami Khedira and two from Toni Kroos. Klose's goal in the 23rd minute, his 16th World Cup goal, gave him sole possession of the record for most goals scored during World Cup Finals, dethroning former Brazil national Ronaldo.

In the second half of the game, substitute André Schürrle scored twice for Germany to lead 7–0, the highest score against Brazil in a single game. Germany did, however, concede a late goal to Brazil's Oscar. It was Brazil's worst ever World Cup defeat,[109] whilst Germany broke multiple World Cup records with the win, including the record broken by Klose, the first team to reach four consecutive World Cup semi-finals, the first team to score seven goals in a World Cup Finals knockout phase game, the fastest five consecutive goals in World Cup history (four of which in just 400 seconds), the first team to score five goals in the first half in a World Cup semi-final as well as being the topic of the most tweets ever on Twitter about a certain subject when the previous social media record was smashed after Germany scored their fourth goal. Also, Germany's seven goals took their total tally in World Cup history to 223, surpassing Brazil's 221 goals to first place overall.[110]

The World Cup Final was held at the Maracana in Rio de Janeiro on 13 July, and billed as the world's best player (Lionel Messi) versus the world's best team (Germany).[111][112] Mario Götze's 113th-minute goal helped Germany beat Argentina 1–0, becoming the first-ever European team to win a FIFA World Cup in the Americas and the second European team to win the title outside Europe.[113][114]

Euro 2016 to 2017 Confederations Cup

After several players retired from the team following the 2014 World Cup win, including Philipp Lahm, Per Mertesacker and Miroslav Klose, the team had a disappointing start in the UEFA Euro 2016 qualifiers. They defeated Scotland 2–1 at home, then suffered a 2–0 loss at Poland (the first in their history), a 1–1 draw against the Republic of Ireland, and a 4–0 win over Gibraltar. The year ended with an away 0–1 friendly win against Spain, the reigning European champions of 2008 and 2012.

Troubles during qualifying for the 2016 European Championship continued, drawing at home, as well as losing away, to Ireland; the team also only narrowly defeated Scotland on two occasions, but handily won the return against Poland and both games against Gibraltar (who competed for the first time). Eventually, however, topping their group and qualifying for the tournament through a 2–1 victory against Georgia on 11 October 2015 (having won the first match against them).

On 13 November 2015, the team was playing a friendly match against France in Paris when a series of terrorist attacks took place in the city, some in the direct vicinity of the Stade de France, where the game was held.[115] For security reasons, the team needed to spend the night inside the stadium, accompanied by the French squad who stayed behind in an act of comradery.[116] Four days later, on 17 November 2015, the German team was scheduled to face the Netherlands at Hanover's HDI-Arena, also in a friendly. After initial security reservations, the DFB decided to play the match on 15 November.[117] However, after reports about a concrete threat to the stadium, the match was cancelled ninety minutes before kickoff.[118]

Germany began their preparations for Euro 2016 in March with friendlies against England and Italy. They gave up a 2–0 lead to England, and ended up losing 2–3. They bounced back in their match with Italy, however, winning by a score of 4–1. It was their first win against the Italians in 21 years.[119]

Germany began their campaign for a fourth European title with a 2–0 win against Ukraine on 12 June. Against Poland, Germany was held to a 0–0 draw but concluded Group C with a 1–0 win against Northern Ireland. In the Round of 16, Germany faced Slovakia and earned a comfortable 3–0 win. Germany then faced off against rivals Italy in the quarter-finals. Mesut Özil opened the scoring in the 65th minute for Germany, before Leonardo Bonucci drew even after converting a penalty in the 78th minute. The score remained 1–1 after extra time and Germany beat Italy 6–5 in a penalty shootout. It was the first time Germany had overcome Italy in a major tournament.[120][121] In the semi-finals Germany played the host nation France. Germany's hopes of securing a fourth European championship were put on hold however as France ended Germany's run by eliminating them by a score of 0–2. It was France's first competitive win against Germany in 58 years.[122]

On 2 July 2017, Germany won the 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup after a 1–0 win against Chile in the final at the Krestovsky Stadium in Saint Petersburg, it was their only FIFA Confederations Cup title.[123]

Disappointment at the 2018 World Cup, 2018–19 UEFA Nations League and Euro 2020

Fans in Hamburg watching the match between Germany and South Korea

Despite winning all their qualifying matches and the Confederations Cup the previous year, Germany started their 2018 World Cup campaign with a defeat to Mexico. This was their first loss in an opening match since the 1982 World Cup.[124] Germany defeated Sweden 2–1 in their second game via an injury-time winner from Toni Kroos, but was subsequently eliminated following a 2–0 loss to South Korea, their first exit in the first round since 1938 and first ever in group stage since the format had been reintroduced in 1950.[125][126]

Following the World Cup, Germany's struggles continued into the UEFA Nations League. After a 0–0 draw at home against France, they lost 3–0 against the Netherlands[127] and 1–2 in the rematch against France three days later; the latter result being their fourth loss in six competitive matches.[128] These results meant that Germany could not advance to the 2019 UEFA Nations League Finals and faced the prospect of possible relegation to League B in the next Nations League.[128]

After the Netherlands' win against France, the relegation to League B was originally confirmed, but due to the overhaul of the format for the 2020–21 UEFA Nations League, Germany was spared from relegation to League B.[129]

In March 2021, the DFB announced that Löw would step down as Germany's manager after the team competes in UEFA Euro 2020.[130] Later that month, Germany lost 1–2 at home to North Macedonia in the 2022 World Cup qualifiers, their first World Cup qualification defeat since losing 5–1 to England in the 2002 World Cup qualifiers and only their third in history.[131] On 25 May 2021, the DFB announced that former assistant manager Hansi Flick will replace Löw as head coach. Flick's first match will be against Liechtenstein in the 2022 World Cup qualifiers on 2 September 2021.[132]

At Euro 2020 (delayed until 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic), Germany were drawn in a tough group, along with World Cup champions France (to whom they lost 1-0) and reigning European champions Portugal (whom they defeated 4-2, albeit with the help of two Portuguese own goals), with each group having only two guaranteed qualifiers for the next phase, plus a chance for the third-placed team. In the final group match, against Hungary - expected to be the group's minnows - it was the Hungarians who took the lead twice, and Germany risked a second successive group-stage elimination, securing their qualification for the next phase only with a late equalizer which lifted them from fourth place to second in the group. They progressed no further than that, however: Löw's final match as Germany's manager was on 29 June 2021, when Germany lost 2–0 to England in the round of 16 of Euro 2020.[133]

Team image

Kits and crest

The 2006 World Cup saw a widespread public display of the German national flag.

The national team's home kit has always been a white shirt, black shorts, and white socks. The colours are derived from the 19th-century flag of the North German State of Prussia.[134] Since 1988, many of the home kit's designs incorporate details patterned after the modern German flag. For the 2014 World Cup, the German team used white shorts rather than the traditional black due to FIFA's kit clashing rule for the tournament.[135] The away shirt colour has changed several times. Historically, green shirt with white shorts is the most often used alternative colour combination, derived from the DFB colours – though it is often erroneously reported that the choice is in recognition of the fact that Ireland, whose home shirts are green, were the first nation to play Germany in a friendly game after World War II. However, the first team to play Germany after WWII, as stated above, was actually Switzerland.[136] Other colours such as red, grey and black have also been used.

A change from black to red came in 2005 on the request of Jürgen Klinsmann,[137] but Germany played every game at the 2006 World Cup in its home white colours. In 2010, the away colours then changed back to a black shirt and white shorts, but at the tournament, the team dressed up in the black shorts from the home kit. The German team next resumed the use of a green shirt on its away kit, but then changed again to red-and-black striped shirts with white stripes and letters and black shorts.

Adidas AG is the longstanding kit provider to the national team, a sponsorship that began in 1954 and is contracted to continue until at least 2022.[138] In the 70s, Germany wore Erima kits (a German brand, formerly a subsidiary of Adidas).[139][21]

Kit suppliers
Kit supplier Period Notes
Leuzela unknown–1954 Germany wore Leuzela kits during the 1954 FIFA World Cup[140]
Adidas 1954–present In the 1970s, Germany wore Erima kits
(a German brand, formerly a subsidiary of Adidas).[141][21]
Kit deals

Kit supplier Period Contract Notes
Announcement Duration
Adidas 1954–present 20 June 2016 2019–2022 (4 years)[142] Per year: 50 million ($56.7 million)
Total: 250 million ($283.5 million)[143][144]
10 September 2018 2023–2026 (4 years) Undisclosed[145]

Home stadium

Olympic Stadium (Berlin)

Germany plays its home matches among various stadiums, in rotation, around the country. They have played home matches in 43 different cities so far, including venues that were German at the time of the match, such as Vienna, Austria, which staged three games between 1938 and 1942.

National team matches have been held most often (46 times) in the stadiums of Berlin, which was the venue of Germany's first home match (in 1908 against England). Other common host cities include Hamburg (34 matches), Stuttgart (32), Hanover (28) and Dortmund. Another notable location is Munich, which has hosted numerous notable matches throughout the history of German football, including the 1974 FIFA World Cup Final, which West Germany won against the Netherlands.

Media coverage

Germany's qualifying and friendly matches are televised by privately owned RTL; Nations League by public broadcasters ARD and ZDF. World Cup & European Championships matches featuring the German national team are among the most-watched events in the history of television in Germany.

Results and fixtures

Recent results and scheduled matches according to the DFB,[146][147] UEFA[148] and FIFA[149] websites.

  Win   Draw   Loss   Fixtures


3 September 2020 2020–21 UEFA Nations League Germany  1–1  Spain Stuttgart
20:45 CEST (UTC+02:00)
Stadium: Mercedes-Benz Arena
Attendance: 0[note 2]
Referee: Daniele Orsato (Italy)
6 September 2020 2020–21 UEFA Nations League Switzerland   1–1  Germany Basel
20:45 CEST (UTC+02:00)
Stadium: St. Jakob-Park
Attendance: 0[note 2]
Referee: Michael Oliver (England)
7 October 2020 Friendly Germany  3–3  Turkey Cologne
20:45 CEST (UTC+02:00)
Stadium: RheinEnergieStadion
Attendance: 0[note 3]
Referee: Benoît Bastien (France)
10 October 2020 2020–21 UEFA Nations League Ukraine  1–2  Germany Kyiv
20:45 CEST (UTC+03:00)
Stadium: NSC Olimpiyskiy Stadium
Attendance: 17,753[152]
Referee: Orel Grinfeld (Israel)
13 October 2020 2020–21 UEFA Nations League Germany  3–3   Switzerland Cologne
20:45 CEST (UTC+02:00)
Stadium: RheinEnergieStadion
Attendance: 0[note 4]
Referee: Ruddy Buquet (France)
11 November 2020 Friendly Germany  1–0  Czech Republic Leipzig
20:45 CET (UTC+01:00) Report Stadium: Red Bull Arena
Attendance: 0[note 3]
Referee: Andris Treimanis (Latvia)
14 November 2020 2020–21 UEFA Nations League Germany  3–1  Ukraine Leipzig
20:45 CET (UTC+01:00)
Stadium: Red Bull Arena
Attendance: 0[note 3]
Referee: Ovidiu Hațegan (Romania)
17 November 2020 2020–21 UEFA Nations League Spain  6–0  Germany Seville
20:45 CET (UTC+01:00)
Report Stadium: La Cartuja
Attendance: 0[note 3]
Referee: Andreas Ekberg (Sweden)


28 March 2021 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification Romania  0–1  Germany Bucharest
20:45 CEST (UTC+02:00) Report
Stadium: Arena Națională
Attendance: 0[note 3]
Referee: Clément Turpin (France)
31 March 2021 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification Germany  1–2  North Macedonia Duisburg
20:45 CEST (UTC+02:00)
Stadium: MSV-Arena
Attendance: 0[note 3]
Referee: Sergei Karasev (Russia)
2 June 2021 Friendly Germany  1–1  Denmark Innsbruck, Austria
21:00 CEST (UTC+02:00)
Stadium: Tivoli Stadion Tirol
Attendance: 0[note 3]
Referee: Julian Weinberger (Austria)
7 June 2021 Friendly Germany  7–1  Latvia Düsseldorf
20:45 CEST (UTC+02:00)
Stadium: Merkur Spiel-Arena
Attendance: 1,000
Referee: Nikola Dabanović (Montenegro)
15 June 2021 UEFA Euro 2020 Group F France  1–0  Germany Munich
21:00 CEST (UTC+02:00)
Report Stadium: Allianz Arena
Attendance: 13,000
Referee: Carlos del Cerro Grande (Spain)
19 June 2021 UEFA Euro 2020 Group F Portugal  2–4  Germany Munich
18:00 CEST (UTC+02:00)
Stadium: Allianz Arena
Attendance: 12,926
Referee: Anthony Taylor (England)
23 June 2021 UEFA Euro 2020 Group F Germany  2–2  Hungary Munich
21:00 CEST (UTC+02:00)
Stadium: Allianz Arena
Attendance: 12,413
Referee: Sergei Karasev (Russia)
29 June 2021 UEFA Euro 2020 Round of 16 England  2–0  Germany London
18:00 CEST (UTC+01:00)
Report Stadium: Wembley Stadium
Attendance: 41,973
Referee: Danny Makkelie (Netherlands)
2 September 2021 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification Liechtenstein  v  Germany St. Gallen, Switzerland[note 5]
20:45 CEST (UTC+02:00) Report Stadium: Kybunpark
5 September 2021 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification Germany  v  Armenia Stuttgart
20:45 CEST (UTC+02:00) Report Stadium: Mercedes-Benz Arena
8 September 2021 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification Iceland  v  Germany Reykjavík
20:45 CEST (UTC+02:00) Report Stadium: Laugardalsvöllur
8 October 2021 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification Germany  v  Romania Hamburg
20:45 CEST (UTC+02:00) Report Stadium: Volksparkstadion
11 October 2021 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification North Macedonia  v  Germany Skopje
20:45 CEST (UTC+02:00) Report Stadium: Toše Proeski Arena
11 November 2021 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification Germany  v  Liechtenstein Wolfsburg
20:45 CET (UTC+01:00) Report Stadium: Volkswagen Arena
14 November 2021 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification Armenia  v  Germany Yerevan
18:00 CET (UTC+01:00) Report Stadium: Vazgen Sargsyan Republican Stadium

Coaching staff

Joachim Löw, the outgoing manager of the Germany national football team

Current technical staff

Position Name
Head coach Hansi Flick
Assistant coach Marcus Sorg
Fitness coach Yann-Benjamin Kugel
Goalkeeping coach Andreas Köpke
Team doctor Tim Meyer
National team director Oliver Bierhoff


Current squad

The following 26 players were selected for the UEFA Euro 2020.[155][156][157]

Caps and goals correct as of 29 June 2021, after the match against England.[158]

No. Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1 1GK Manuel Neuer (captain) (1986-03-27) 27 March 1986 (age 35) 104 0 Bayern Munich
12 1GK Bernd Leno (1992-03-04) 4 March 1992 (age 29) 8 0 Arsenal
22 1GK Kevin Trapp (1990-07-08) 8 July 1990 (age 31) 5 0 Eintracht Frankfurt

2 2DF Antonio Rüdiger (1993-03-03) 3 March 1993 (age 28) 45 1 Chelsea
3 2DF Marcel Halstenberg (1991-09-27) 27 September 1991 (age 29) 9 1 RB Leipzig
4 2DF Matthias Ginter (1994-01-19) 19 January 1994 (age 27) 44 2 Borussia Mönchengladbach
5 2DF Mats Hummels (1988-12-16) 16 December 1988 (age 32) 76 5 Borussia Dortmund
15 2DF Niklas Süle (1995-09-03) 3 September 1995 (age 25) 32 1 Bayern Munich
16 2DF Lukas Klostermann (1996-06-03) 3 June 1996 (age 25) 13 0 RB Leipzig
20 2DF Robin Gosens (1994-07-05) 5 July 1994 (age 27) 11 2 Atalanta
23 2DF Emre Can (1994-01-12) 12 January 1994 (age 27) 37 1 Borussia Dortmund
24 2DF Robin Koch (1996-07-17) 17 July 1996 (age 25) 8 0 Leeds United
26 2DF Christian Günter (1993-02-28) 28 February 1993 (age 28) 3 0 SC Freiburg

6 3MF Joshua Kimmich (1995-02-08) 8 February 1995 (age 26) 59 3 Bayern Munich
8 3MF Toni Kroos RET (1990-01-04) 4 January 1990 (age 31) 106 17 Real Madrid
10 3MF Serge Gnabry (1995-07-14) 14 July 1995 (age 26) 26 16 Bayern Munich
13 3MF Jonas Hofmann (1992-07-14) 14 July 1992 (age 29) 3 0 Borussia Mönchengladbach
14 3MF Jamal Musiala (2003-02-26) 26 February 2003 (age 18) 5 0 Bayern Munich
17 3MF Florian Neuhaus (1997-03-16) 16 March 1997 (age 24) 6 2 Borussia Mönchengladbach
18 3MF Leon Goretzka (1995-02-06) 6 February 1995 (age 26) 35 14 Bayern Munich
19 3MF Leroy Sané (1996-01-11) 11 January 1996 (age 25) 34 7 Bayern Munich
21 3MF İlkay Gündoğan (1990-10-24) 24 October 1990 (age 30) 49 11 Manchester City

7 4FW Kai Havertz (1999-06-11) 11 June 1999 (age 22) 18 5 Chelsea
9 4FW Kevin Volland (1992-07-30) 30 July 1992 (age 28) 13 1 Monaco
11 4FW Timo Werner (1996-03-06) 6 March 1996 (age 25) 42 16 Chelsea
25 4FW Thomas Müller (1989-09-13) 13 September 1989 (age 31) 106 39 Bayern Munich

Recent call-ups

The following players have also been called up to the Germany squad within the last 12 months and are still available for selection.

Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club Latest call-up
GK Marc-André ter Stegen (1992-04-30) 30 April 1992 (age 29) 25 0 Barcelona v.  North Macedonia, 31 March 2021
GK Oliver Baumann (1990-06-02) 2 June 1990 (age 31) 0 0 1899 Hoffenheim v.  Czech Republic, 11 November 2020

DF Jonathan Tah (1996-02-11) 11 February 1996 (age 25) 13 0 Bayer Leverkusen v.  North Macedonia, 31 March 2021
DF Philipp Max (1993-09-30) 30 September 1993 (age 27) 3 0 PSV v.  North Macedonia, 31 March 2021
DF Benjamin Henrichs (1997-02-23) 23 February 1997 (age 24) 5 0 RB Leipzig v.  Spain, 17 November 2020
DF Niklas Stark (1995-04-14) 14 April 1995 (age 26) 2 0 Hertha BSC v.  Spain, 17 November 2020
DF Felix Uduokhai (1997-09-09) 9 September 1997 (age 23) 0 0 FC Augsburg v.  Spain, 17 November 2020
DF Nico Schulz (1993-04-01) 1 April 1993 (age 28) 12 2 Borussia Dortmund v.  Czech Republic, 11 November 2020
DF Thilo Kehrer (1996-09-21) 21 September 1996 (age 24) 9 0 Paris Saint-Germain v.  Czech Republic, 11 November 2020
DF Ridle Baku (1998-04-08) 8 April 1998 (age 23) 1 0 VfL Wolfsburg v.  Czech Republic, 11 November 2020

MF Florian Wirtz (2003-05-03) 3 May 2003 (age 18) 0 0 Bayer Leverkusen v.  North Macedonia, 31 March 2021
MF Julian Brandt (1996-05-02) 2 May 1996 (age 25) 35 3 Borussia Dortmund v.  Spain, 17 November 2020
MF Nadiem Amiri (1996-10-27) 27 October 1996 (age 24) 5 0 Bayer Leverkusen v.  Spain, 17 November 2020
MF Mahmoud Dahoud (1996-01-01) 1 January 1996 (age 25) 2 0 Borussia Dortmund v.  Spain, 17 November 2020
MF Julian Draxler (1993-09-20) 20 September 1993 (age 27) 56 7 Paris Saint-Germain v.   Switzerland, 13 October 2020
MF Suat Serdar (1997-04-11) 11 April 1997 (age 24) 4 0 Schalke 04 v.  Turkey, 7 October 2020 INJ

FW Amin Younes (1993-08-06) 6 August 1993 (age 27) 8 2 Eintracht Frankfurt v.  North Macedonia, 31 March 2021
FW Luca Waldschmidt (1996-05-19) 19 May 1996 (age 25) 7 2 Benfica v.  Spain, 17 November 2020

INJ Player withdrew from the squad due to an injury.

Individual records

Player records

As of 29 June 2021[159]
Players in bold are still active with Germany.
This list does not include players who represented East Germany.
Most capped players
Lothar Matthäus is Germany's most capped player with 150 appearances.
Rank Player Caps Goals Period
1 Lothar Matthäus 150 23 1980–2000
2 Miroslav Klose 137 71 2001–2014
3 Lukas Podolski 130 49 2004–2017
4 Bastian Schweinsteiger 121 24 2004–2016
5 Philipp Lahm 113 5 2004–2014
6 Jürgen Klinsmann 108 47 1987–1998
7 Toni Kroos 106 17 2010–2021
Thomas Müller 39 2010–
9 Jürgen Kohler 105 2 1986–1998
10 Per Mertesacker 104 4 2004–2014
Manuel Neuer 0 2009–
Top goalscorers
Miroslav Klose is Germany's all-time top scorer with 71 goals.
Rank Player Goals Caps Average Period
1 Miroslav Klose (list) 71 137 0.52 2001–2014
2 Gerd Müller (list) 68 62 1.1 1966–1974
3 Lukas Podolski 49 130 0.38 2004–2017
4 Rudi Völler 47 90 0.52 1982–1994
Jürgen Klinsmann 47 108 0.44 1987–1998
6 Karl-Heinz Rummenigge 45 95 0.47 1976–1986
7 Uwe Seeler 43 72 0.6 1954–1970
8 Michael Ballack 42 98 0.43 1999–2010
9 Thomas Müller 39 106 0.37 2010–
10 Oliver Bierhoff 37 70 0.53 1996–2002
Name Period Notes
Fritz Szepan1934–1939
Paul Janes1939–1942
Fritz Walter1951–1956First official captain of the West Germany national football team
World Cup winning captain (1954)
Hans Schäfer1952–1962First West German player to play in three World Cup tournaments
(1954, 1958, 1962)
Helmut Rahn1958–1959
Herbert Erhardt1959–1962
Hans Schäfer1962
Uwe Seeler1962–1970
Wolfgang Overath1970–1972
Franz Beckenbauer1972–1977European Championship winning captain (1972)
World Cup winning captain (1974)
Berti Vogts1977–1978
Sepp Maier1978–1979
Bernard Dietz1979–1981European Championship winning captain (1980)
Karl-Heinz Rummenigge1981–1986
Harald Schumacher1986
Klaus Allofs1986–1987
Lothar Matthäus1988–1994World Cup winning captain (1990)
First captain of the unified Germany national football team
Jürgen Klinsmann1995–1998European Championship winning captain (1996)
Oliver Bierhoff1998–2001
Oliver Kahn2001–2004
Michael Ballack2004–2010
Philipp Lahm2010–2014World Cup winning captain (2014)
Bastian Schweinsteiger2014–2016
Manuel Neuer2016–2017
Julian Draxler2017Confederations Cup winning captain (2017)
Manuel Neuer2017–present
Player of the Year

Manager records

Most manager appearances
Joachim Löw: 198

Team records

15 consecutive wins in all competitive matches (world record)

Date Opponent Venue Result Type Scorers
10.07.2010  Uruguay Port Elizabeth, RSA * 3–2 WC 2010 3rd place Müller  19', Jansen  56', Khedira  82'
03.09.2010  Belgium Brussels, BEL A 1–0 EC 2012 Qualification Klose  51'
07.09.2010  Azerbaijan Köln H 6–1 EC 2012 Qualification Westermann  28', Podolski  45+1', Klose  45+2', 90+2',
Sadygov  53' (o.g.), Badstuber  86'
08.10.2010  Turkey Berlin H 3–0 EC 2012 Qualification Klose  42', 87', Özil  79'
12.10.2010  Kazakhstan Astana, KAZ A 3–0 EC 2012 Qualification Klose  48', Gómez  76', Podolski  85'
26.03.2011  Kazakhstan Kaiserslautern H 4–0 EC 2012 Qualification Klose  3', 88', Müller  25', 43'
03.06.2011  Austria Vienna, AUT A 2–1 EC 2012 Qualification Gómez  44', 90'
07.06.2011  Azerbaijan Baku, AZE A 3–1 EC 2012 Qualification Özil  30', Gómez  41', Schürrle  90+3'
02.09.2011  Austria Gelsenkirchen H 6–2 EC 2012 Qualification Klose  8', Özil  23', 47', Podolski  28',
Schürrle  83', Götze  88'
07.10.2011  Turkey Istanbul, TUR A 3–1 EC 2012 Qualification Gómez  35', Müller  66', Schweinsteiger  86' (pen.)
11.10.2011  Belgium Düsseldorf H 3–1 EC 2012 Qualification Özil  30', Schürrle  33', Gómez  48'
09.06.2012  Portugal Lviv, UKR * 1–0 EC 2012 Group Gómez  72'
13.06.2012  Netherlands Kharkiv, UKR * 2–1 EC 2012 Group Gómez  24', 38'
17.06.2012  Denmark Lviv, UKR * 2–1 EC 2012 Group Podolski  19', Bender  80'
22.06.2012  Greece Gdańsk, POL * 4–2 EC 2012 Quarter final Lahm  39', Khedira  61', Klose  68', Reus  74'

Competitive record

Germany has won the World Cup four times, behind only Brazil (five titles).[165] It has finished as runners-up four times.[165] In terms of semi-final appearances, Germany leads with 13, two more than Brazil's 11, which had participated in two more tournaments.[165] From 1954 to 2014 (16 tournament editions), Germany always reached at least the stage of the last eight teams, before being eliminated in the group stage in 2018.[165] Germany has also qualified for every one of the 19 World Cups for which it has entered – it did not enter the inaugural competition in Uruguay of 1930 for economic reasons, and could not qualify for or compete in the post-war 1950 World Cup as the DFB was reinstated as a FIFA member only two months after this tournament. Germany also has the distinction of having an Elo football rating of 2196 following their victory in the 2014 World Cup, which was higher than any previous champion.[166]

Germany has also won the European Championship three times (Spain and France are the only other multiple-time winners with three and two titles respectively), and finished as runners-up three times as well.[167] The Germans have qualified for every European Championship tournament except for the first European Championship they entered in 1968.[167] For that tournament, Germany was in the only group of three teams and thus only played four qualifying games. The deciding game was a scoreless draw in Albania which gave Yugoslavia the edge, having won in their neighbour country. The team finished out of top eight only in two occasions, the tournaments of 2000[168] and 2004.[169] In the other ten editions Germany participated in they reached nine times at least the semi-finals, an unparalleled record in Europe.

See also East Germany and Saarland for the results of these separate German teams, and Austria for the team that was merged into the German team from 1938 to 1945.

FIFA World Cup

  Champions    Runners-up    Third place    Fourth place  

FIFA World Cup finals record Qualifications record
Year Round Position GP W D* L GF GA Squad GP W D L GF GA
1930Did not enter Did not enter
1934Third place3rd4301118Squad 1100911934
1938First round10th201135Squad 33001111938
1950Banned from entering 1950
1954Champions1st65012514Squad 43101231954
1958Fourth place4th62221214Squad Qualified as defending champions1958
1962Quarter-finals7th421142Squad 44001151962
1966Runners-up2nd6411156Squad 43101421966
1970Third place3rd65011710Squad 65102031970
1974Champions1st7601134Squad Qualified as hosts1974
1978Second group stage6th6141105Squad Qualified as defending champions1978
1982Runners-up2nd73221210Squad 88003331982
1986Runners-up2nd732287Squad 85212291986
1990Champions1st7520155Squad 63301331990
1994Quarter-finals5th531197Squad Qualified as defending champions1994
1998Quarter-finals7th531186Squad 106402391998
2002Runners-up2nd7511143Squad 1063119122002
2006Third place3rd7511146Squad Qualified as hosts2006
2010Third place3rd7502165Squad 108202652010
2014Champions1st7610184Squad 1091036102014
2018Group stage22nd310224Squad 1010004342018
2022 To be determined To be determined 2022
2026 2026
Total4 titles19/211096720*22226125 947418229270Total
*Denotes draws including knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
**Red border indicates tournament was held on home soil.

FIFA Confederations Cup

FIFA Confederations Cup record
Year Round Position Pld W D* L GF GA Squad
1992 Did not enter[170]
1995 Did not qualify
1997 Did not enter[171]
1999 Group stage 5th 3 1 0 2 2 6 Squad
2001 Did not qualify
2003 Did not enter[172]
2005 Third place 3rd 5 3 1 1 15 11 Squad
2009 Did not qualify
2017 Champions 1st 5 4 1 0 12 5 Squad
Total 1 title 3/10 13 8 2 3 29 22

UEFA European Championship

UEFA European Championship record Qualification record
Year Round Position Pld W D* L GF GA Squad Pld W D L GF GA Campaign
1960 Did not enter Did not enter
1968 Did not qualify 4 2 1 1 9 2 1968
1972 Champions 1st 2 2 0 0 5 1 Squad 8 5 3 0 13 3 1972
1976 Runners-up 2nd 2 1 1* 0 6 4 Squad 8 4 4 0 17 5 1976
1980 Champions 1st 4 3 1 0 6 3 Squad 6 4 2 0 17 1 1980
1984 Group stage 5th 3 1 1 1 2 2 Squad 8 5 1 2 15 5 1984
1988 Semi-finals 3rd 4 2 1 1 6 3 Squad Qualified as hosts
1992 Runners-up 2nd 5 2 1 2 7 8 Squad 6 5 0 1 13 4 1992
1996 Champions 1st 6 4 2* 0 10 3 Squad 10 8 1 1 27 10 1996
2000 Group stage 15th 3 0 1 2 1 5 Squad 8 6 1 1 20 4 2000
2004 12th 3 0 2 1 2 3 Squad 8 5 3 0 13 4 2004
2008 Runners-up 2nd 6 4 0 2 10 7 Squad 12 8 3 1 35 7 2008
2012 Semi-finals 3rd 5 4 0 1 10 6 Squad 10 10 0 0 34 7 2012
2016 3rd 6 3 2* 1 7 3 Squad 10 7 1 2 24 9 2016
2020 Round of 16 15th 4 1 1 2 6 7 Squad 8 7 0 1 30 7 2020
2024 Qualified as hosts Qualified as hosts
Total 3 Titles 14/17 53 27 13* 13 78 55 104 74 20 10 262 66 Total
*Denotes draws include knockout matches decided via penalty shoot-out.
**Gold background colour indicates that the tournament was won.
***Red border colour indicates that the tournament was held on home soil.

UEFA Nations League

UEFA Nations League record
Season Division Group Pos Pld W D* L GF GA P/R Rank
2018–19 A 1 3rd 40223711th
2020–21 A 4 2nd 623110138th
2022–23 A TBA To be determined
Total 10 2 5 3 13 20 8th
*Denotes draws including knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
**Gold background colour indicates that the tournament was won.
***Red border colour indicates tournament was held on home soil.


Major competitionTotal
FIFA World Cup 44412
UEFA European Championship 3339
FIFA Confederations Cup 1012
UEFA Nations League 0000
Summer Olympics 1236

See also


  1. In Germany, the team is typically referred to as Die Nationalmannschaft (the national team), DFB-Elf (DFB eleven), DFB-Auswahl (DFB selection) or Nationalelf (national eleven). Whereas in foreign media, they are regularly described as Die Mannschaft (The Team).[1] As of June 2015, this was acknowledged by the DFB as official branding of the team.[2]
  2. This match is not considered to be a full international by the English FA, and does not appear in the records of the England team.
  1. Since 1992, Olympic football has been a tournament for the U23 national football teams
  2. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe, all matches scheduled for September 2020 were played behind closed doors.[150][151]
  3. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe, the match was played behind closed doors.
  4. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe, the match was played behind closed doors.[153]
  5. Liechtenstein will play their home match against Germany at Kybunpark in St. Gallen, Switzerland, since their regular home stadium, the Rheinpark Stadion in Vaduz, is being renovated.[154]


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