Giovanni Gentile

Giovanni Gentile (Italian: [dʒoˈvanni dʒenˈtiːle]; 30 May 1875 – 15 April 1944) was an Italian[3][4] neo-Hegelian idealist philosopher, educator, and fascist politician. The self-styled "philosopher of Fascism", he was influential in providing an intellectual foundation for Italian Fascism, and ghostwrote part of The Doctrine of Fascism (1932) with Benito Mussolini. He was involved in the resurgence of Hegelian idealism in Italian philosophy and also devised his own system of thought, which he called "actual idealism" or "actualism", which has been described as "the subjective extreme of the idealist tradition".[5][6][7]

Giovanni Gentile
President of the Royal Academy of Italy
In office
25 July 1943  15 April 1944
MonarchVictor Emmanuel III
Preceded byLuigi Federzoni
Succeeded byGiotto Dainelli Dolfi
Minister of Public Education
In office
31 October 1922  1 July 1924
Prime MinisterBenito Mussolini
Preceded byAntonino Anile
Succeeded byAlessandro Casati
Member of the Italian Senate
In office
11 June 1921  5 August 1943
MonarchVictor Emmanuel III
Personal details
Born(1875-05-30)30 May 1875
Castelvetrano, Kingdom of Italy
Died15 April 1944(1944-04-15) (aged 68)
Florence, RSI
Resting placeSanta Croce,
Florence, Italy
Political partyNational Fascist Party
(1923–1943)
Spouse(s)
Erminia Nudi
(m. 1901; his death 1944)
Children6, including Federico Gentile
Alma materScuola Normale Superiore[1]
University of Florence[1]
ProfessionTeacher, philosopher, politician
Signature

Philosophy career
Notable work
Era20th-century philosophy
RegionWestern philosophy
SchoolNeo-Hegelianism
Main interests
Metaphysics, dialectics, pedagogy
Notable ideas
Actual idealism, fascism, immanentism (method of immanence)[2]

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