Gironde (// zhi-ROND US usually, /-/ ji-, French: [ʒiʁɔ̃d] (listen); Occitan: Gironda, pronounced [dʒiˈɾundo]) is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of Southwestern France. Named after the Gironde estuary, a major waterway, its prefecture is Bordeaux. In 2016, it had a population of 1,566,679. The famous Bordeaux wine region is in Gironde.
Location of Gironde in France
|• President of the Departmental Council||Jean-Luc Gleyze (PS)|
|• Total||10,000 km2 (4,000 sq mi)|
|• Density||160/km2 (410/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|^1 French Land Register data, which excludes estuaries and lakes, ponds and glaciers larger than 1 km2.|
From 1793 to 1795, the department's name was changed to Bec-d'Ambès to avoid the association with the revolutionary party, the Girondists.
Gironde is part of the current region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine and is surrounded by the departments of Landes, Lot-et-Garonne, Dordogne and Charente-Maritime and the Atlantic Ocean on the west. With an area of 10,000 km², Gironde is the largest department in metropolitan France. If overseas departments are included, however, Gironde's land area is dwarfed by the 83,846 km² of French Guiana.
Gironde is well known for the Côte d'Argent beach which is Europe's longest, attracting many surfers to Lacanau each year. It is also the birthplace of Jacques-Yves Cousteau who studied the sea and all forms of life in water.
The President of the General Council is Jean-Luc Gleyze of the Socialist Party.
|•||French Communist Party||3|
|Hunting, Fishing, Nature, Tradition||1|
Current National Assembly Representatives
- Cantons of the Gironde department
- Communes of the Gironde department
- Arrondissements of the Gironde department
- Bordeaux wine regions
- "Gironde". Lexico UK Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- "Gironde". Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- "Gironde". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France
- C.G. (14 August 2009). Les Adresses de Mathilde Seigner et Fabien Onteniente. Le Figaro Magazine. (in French)