Gitanas Nausėda (born 19 May 1964) is a Lithuanian economist, politician and banker who is the current president of Lithuania. He was previously the director of Monetary Policy at the Bank of Lithuania from 1996 until 2000, and chief economist to the chairman of SEB bankas from 2008 until 2018.
|9th President of Lithuania|
|Assumed office |
12 July 2019
|Prime Minister||Saulius Skvernelis |
|Preceded by||Dalia Grybauskaitė|
|Born||19 May 1964|
|Residence||Presidential Palace (official)|
|Alma mater||Vilnius University (1987)|
|Salary||€70,000 (annual, after tax)|
Early life and education
From 1982 to 1987 he studied in Vilnius University, Faculty of Industrial Economics and from 1987 to 1989 in the Faculty of Economics.
From 1990 to 1992 he did a practice at the University of Mannheim in Germany under the DAAD scholarship. He defended his PhD thesis "Income Policy Under Inflation and Stagflation" in 1993. Since 2009 he is an associate professor at Vilnius University Business School.
Professional and political career
Having completed his studies, from 1992 to 1993 he worked for the Research Institute for Economics and Privatization. From 1993 to 1994 he worked for the Lithuanian Competition Council as a head of the Financial Markets Department. From 1994 to 2000 he worked at the Bank of Lithuania, initially in the department regulating the commercial banks and later as a director of the Monetary Policy Department. From 2000 to 2008 he was a chief economist and adviser to the chairman of AB Vilniaus Bankas. From 2008 to 2018 he was the financial analyst as well as chief adviser and later the chief economist for the SEB bankas president.
On 17 September 2018, Nausėda announced his candidacy for the 2019 Lithuanian presidential election, which he won in the second round on 26 May 2019. He was officially inaugurated on 12 July. Nausėda presented acting Prime Minister Saulius Skvernelis's candidacy to continue his duties on 18 July. By the time he had spent a month in office, Nausėda was considered to be the most trusted politician in Lithuania according to polls conducted by the Lithuanian National Radio and Television (LRT).
In April 2020, President Nausėda and Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko had their nations' first presidential tete-a-tete in 10 years. Following the Lukashenko government's crackdown on protesters after the disputed 2020 Belarusian presidential elections (which were widely regarded as unfree and unfair) and the resulting protests, Belarusian opposition candidate Svetlana Tikhanovskaya fled to Lithuania. Nausėda's leadership during the crisis has been noted for being one that out sized Lithuania's role among European Union nations. On 12 August, he ordered that Lithuania open its borders to all Belarusians for humanitarian purposes. That day, he also presented a plan on the settlement of the crisis, being supported by Latvia and Poland, which consisted of three points that included a call for the creation of a national council from the Belarusian Government and civilian society. In an interview with Sky News on 13 August, he declared Lukashenko as "no longer the legitimate leader".
Nausėda has been critical of the safety of the Astravets Nuclear Power Plant in Belarus. In May 2020, during a conference call with Armenian Premier Nikol Pashinyan, he called on Armenia to share its experience with the Armenian Nuclear Power Plant to Belarus over concerns over the Astravets Nuclear Power Plant.
On 23 May 2021, in the immediate aftermath of the hijacking of Ryanair flight 4578, where two journalists outspoken against the Lukashenko regime in Belarus were arrested, Nausėda called for EU recognition of Belarusian airspace as “unsafe for civilian aviation” and the immediate release of the arrested journalist Roman Protasevich. By the evening of May 23 Nausėda has secured the support of both the leaders of Latvia and Estonia in recognising Belarusian airspace as unsafe to enter.
Nausėda has made multiple efforts to engage in better relations with Poland, being seen as a personal ally of the Polish leadership. On 16 July, four days after his inauguration, he visited Warsaw to meet with President Andrzej Duda in his first foreign visit as President. During the visit, there were calls for him to establish a more personal relationship with the country. He also rejected any attempt by European Union leaders to sanction Poland for its actions in relation to the Supreme Court of Poland and the rest of the country's judiciary. On 22 November, Nausėda and Duda, as well as the First Lady of Poland Agata Kornhauser-Duda participated in the state funeral of commanders and participants in the 1863–1864 uprising against Tsarist rule in Vilnius. During his visit to Vilnius, Duda highlighted the Central European nations' unity importance for their independence. In January 2020, Nausėda joined Duda in pulling out of 5th World Holocaust Forum, who criticized the event for giving the speaking slot to Russian president Putin, who has himself criticized Poland's WWII history by engaging in a historical revisionist campaign.
During a meeting in Berlin with German Chancellor Angela Merkel in August, Nausėda urged her to maintain sanctions against Russia. In an interview with LRT on 14 August, he reiterated past positions that a potential meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin would be "pointless" due to the fact that Lithuania sees "the true danger" and "risks" of being on the border with Russia.
In November 2019, he referred to the Steinmeier formula suggested by Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky as a solution to the Russo-Ukrainian War as being "more profitable for Russia than Ukraine".
Relations with the conservative-liberal ruling coalition and the Šimonytė Government
International trips as President
|List of foreign visits by Gitanas Nauseda|
|16 July 2019||Poland||Warsaw||Talks with President Andrzej Duda|
|23 July 2019||Latvia||Riga||Talks with President Egils Levits|
|14–15 August 2019||Germany||Berlin||Talks with German Chancellor Angela Merkel|
|15 August 2019||Germany||Berlin||Talks with Federal President Frank-Walter Steinmeier|
|20 August 2019||Estonia||Tallinn||Talks with President Kersti Kaljulaid|
|1 September 2019||Poland||Warsaw||80th anniversary of the September campaign|
|4–5 September 2019||EU||Brussels||European Conference|
|22–26 September 2019||United Nations||New York City||United Nations General Assembly|
|17–18 October 2019||EU||Brussels||European Conference|
|21–24 October 2019||Japan||Tokyo||Enthronement of Japanese Emperor Naruhito|
|5 November 2019||Finland||Helsinki||Talks with President Sauli Niinistö|
|7 November 2019||Vatican||Vatican City||Talks with Pope Francis|
|7–8 November 2019||Italy||Rome||Talks with Italian leaders|
|3–4 December 2019||United Kingdom||London||See 2019 London summit|
|20 January 2020||Switzerland||Davos||See World Economic Forum|
|27 January 2020||Poland||Oświęcim||75th Anniversary of the Liberation of Auschwitz|
|11 February 2020||EU||Brussels||Talks with President of the European Council Charles Michel|
|14 February 2020||Germany||Munich||Munich Security Conference 2020|
|15 July 2020||Poland||Grunwald||610th Anniversary of the Battle of Grunwald and talks with President Andrzej Duda|
|17-21 July 2020||EU||Brussels||European Conference|
|1-2 September 2020||EU||Brussels||European Conference|
|15-16 September 2020||EU||Brussels||European Conference|
|10-11 December 2020||EU||Brussels||European Conference|
|17-19 March 2021||Ukraine||Kyiv||Talks with President Volodymyr Zelensky|
|3 May 2021||Poland||Warsaw||230th Anniversary of the Constitution of 3 May|
|6-8 May 2021||Portugal||Lisbon, Porto||European Leaders' Meeting|
|13-14 May 2021||Moldova||Chișinău||Talks with President Maia Sandu|
|24-25 May 2021||EU||Brussels||European Conference|
|10-11 June 2021||Georgia||Tbilisi||Talks with President Salome Zourabichvili|
|13 June 2021||EU||Brussels||Talks with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan|
|14 June 2021||EU||Brussels||NATO Conference and talks with United States President Joe Biden|
|15-16 June 2021||Sweden||Stockholm||Talks with King Carl XVI Gustaf, Speaker Andreas Norlén and Prime Minister Stefan Löfven|
Nausėda has welcomed many foreign leaders and dignitaries to Lithuania since taking office, including Latvian President Egils Levits, Polish President Andrzej Duda, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky and Canadian Governor-General Julie Payette.
Nausėda's father, Antanas Nausėda (1929–), is an engineer. His mother Stasė Nausėdienė (1932–2014) was a physics and mathematics teacher from the village of Lazdininkai. His sister Vilija (born 1959) is an economist. In 1990, he married Diana Nausėdienė. They have two daughters. In addition to his native Lithuanian, Gitanas Nausėda speaks English, German and Russian. Since 1997 he has been collecting a collection of antique books.
- Lithuania: Medal of Merit to Neringa's Municipality (2016)
- Lithuania: Grand Master and Grand Cross with Golden Chain of the Order of Vytautas the Great (12 July 2019)
- Japan: Gifu University (24 October 2019)
- Jakučionis, Milena Andrukaitytė, Sniegė Balčiūnaitė, Vaidotas Beniušis, Ramūnas Jakubauskas, Saulius. "2019-ųjų biudžetas: kiek „į rankas" gaus pensininkas, mokytojas, prezidentė". DELFI.
- "2020-ųjų biudžetas: kiek į rankas gaus pensininkas, mokytojas, prezidentas". lrt.lt. 17 December 2019.
- "President Gitanas Nausėda". Office of the President of the Republic of Lithuania. Archived from the original on 28 April 2021. Retrieved 16 May 2021.
- "XII Pasaulio Lietuvų Mokslo ir Kūrybos Simpoziumas — Tezių rinkinys" (in Lithuanian). Lietuvos mokslininkų sąjunga. 21–25 May 2003. Archived from the original on 30 April 2019. Retrieved 16 May 2021.
- "LIETUVOS MOKSLO POTENCIALAS". mokslas.mii.lt.
- "Gitanas Nausėda – Biografija". Nauseda 2019. Archived from the original on 1 May 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
- Lithuanian opposition party names favorites for presidential election Xinhua News Agency, 18 September 2018.
- "Gitanas Nauseda to be inaugurated as next president of Lithuania". 11 July 2019.
- "Lithuania's acting PM Skvernelis offered to continue his duties by new president – Xinhua | English.news.cn". Xinhua News Agency.
- "President Gitanas Nausėda considered the most popular politician in Lithuania". Baltic News Network – News from Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia. 12 August 2019.
- "The President discussed the Eastern Partnership and joint efforts in fighting COVID-19 with the President of Belarus". The President discussed the Eastern Partnership and joint efforts in fighting COVID-19 with the President of Belarus | President of the Republic of Lithuania.
- Haboush, Joseph (10 August 2020). "Belarus elections deemed unfair by US, Germany and others; candidate missing". Al Arabiya English. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
- "Belarusian opposition leader Tikhanouskaya in Lithuania says FM". The Jerusalem Post | JPost.com. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
- "Tiny Lithuania has outsized role as EU faces Belarus crisis". ABC News. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
- "Lithuania allows unrestricted entry to Belarusians 'for humanitarian purposes'". www.baltictimes.com. Retrieved 13 August 2020.
- "Embattled Belarus president is no longer a legitimate leader, says Lithuanian counterpart". Sky News. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
- "Baltic states moving towards agreement on Belarusian electricity ban, president says". lrt.lt. 9 July 2020.
- "The President encouraged Armenia to share its nuclear safety experience with Belarus". www.lrp.lt. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
- "Rzeczpospolita editor: Polish president sees Nauseda as his personal ally". DELFI. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
- G.Nausėda Varšuvoje pamatė visišką sutarimą su Lenkija, ES sankcijoms kaimynei nepritartų, 15min.lt, 16 July 2019
- "Nausėda, visiting Poland, urged to get more personal than Grybauskaitė". Baltic News Network – News from Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia. 16 July 2019.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 July 2019. Retrieved 19 July 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Three-state celebration: Vilnius hosts state funeral for commanders of 1863–1864 uprising". DELFI. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
- "Duda in Vilnius: Central European nations' unity is necessary foundation of their freedom". DELFI. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
- Halbfinger, David M.; Kershner, Isabel (22 January 2020). "Live Updates: World Leaders Gather in Israel, 75 Years After Holocaust". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
- "Lithuania's President calls on German Chancellor to maintain sanctions against Russia – news world | UNIAN". unian.info.
- "Lithuania's president says he sees no reason to meet with Putin". Baltic News Network – News from Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia. 14 August 2019.
- "New Ukraine peace plan is better for Moscow than Kyiv, Lithuanian president says". lrt.lt. 5 November 2019. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
- "Kokie bus I. Šimonytės ir G. Nausėdos santykiai?". Žinių radijas – viena objektyviausių ir operatyviausių radijo stočių Lietuvoje.
- Prezidentas vyksta į Latviją, LR Prezidento kanceliarija, 22 July 2019
- Prezidentas ir pirmoji ponia susitiks su Vokietijos vadovais, LR Prezidento kanceliarija, 13 August 2019
- "www.bundespraesident.de: Der Bundespräsident / Terminkalender / Gespräch mit dem Präsidenten der Republik Litauen". www.bundespraesident.de.
- Lietuvos ir Estijos Prezidentų susitikime – dėmesys energetiniam saugumui Baltijos regione, LR Prezidento kanceliarija, 20 August 2019
- Vizitas JT Generalinėje Asamblėjoje: dėmesys gerovės valstybei ir regiono saugumui, LR Prezidento kanceliarija, 20 September 2019
- Prezidentas vyks į Japonijos Imperatoriaus inauguracijos ceremoniją, LR Prezidento kanceliarija, 18 October 2019
- D. Nausėdienė: Gitanas man pateikė viliojantį pasiūlymą, kurio negalėjau atsisakyti Delfi, 31 October 2015
- G.Nausėdos kelias į ekonomiką aplaistytas ašaromis Delfi, 24 February 2010
- "Bokstas – 1982". www.bokstas.net. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
| President of Lithuania