Glasgow East (UK Parliament constituency)
Glasgow East is a constituency of the House of Commons of the UK Parliament, located in the city of Glasgow, Scotland. It elects one Member of Parliament at least once every five years using the first-past-the-post system of voting. It is currently represented by David Linden of the Scottish National Party who has been the MP since 2017.
for the House of Commons
|Subdivisions of Scotland||City of Glasgow|
|Major settlements||Baillieston, Carmyle, Easterhouse, Garrowhill, Shettleston|
|Member of Parliament||David Linden (SNP)|
|Created from||Glasgow Baillieston|
It was once one of the safest seats for the Labour Party, the areas included in the constituency having returned solely Labour MPs since the 1930s. However, it achieved national prominence when a by-election in 2008 saw the Scottish National Party overturn a majority of over 13,000 votes to gain the seat. Since then, it has been tightly fought by Labour and the SNP.
During the 2015 general election there was a nationwide surge of support for the SNP, as pro-independence voters rallied to support the party in unprecedented numbers. After votes were counted The Guardian reported: "The SNP swept aside once-unassailable majorities for Labour with swings as high as 35%, as voters threw out Jim Murphy, the Scottish Labour leader, its former deputy leader, Anas Sarwar, and Margaret Curran, the shadow Scottish secretary [in Glasgow East]."
The 2017 general election result in the constituency was that election's tenth-closest result, with the SNP holding the seat by a margin of 75 votes. Amid a nationwide backlash against Nicola Sturgeon's plans for a second independence referendum, the SNP's share of the vote dropped by 18%, the Conservative vote nearly trebled and Labour picked up votes from left-wing voters excited by Jeremy Corbyn and the British Labour Party's socialist platform.
Glasgow East is one of seven constituencies covering the Glasgow City council area. All are entirely within the council area. Glasgow East comprises the pre-2007 Glasgow City wards of Baillieston, Barlanark, Braidfauld, Easterhouse, Garrowhill, Garthamlock, Greenfield, Mount Vernon, Parkhead, Queenslie, Shettleston, and Tollcross Park.
Prior to the 2005 general election, the city area was covered by ten constituencies, of which two straddled boundaries with other council areas. The Glasgow East constituency includes the area of the former Glasgow Baillieston constituency and parts of the former Glasgow Shettleston constituency. Scottish Parliament constituencies retain the names and boundaries of the older Westminster constituencies.
Glasgow Baillieston had always been represented by MPs from the Labour Party until 2008, as was the predecessor Glasgow Provan constituency from its creation in 1955. Glasgow Shettleston was won by the Labour Party at every general election from 1950 onwards (in 1945 it was won by the Independent Labour Party). In 2008, the SNP succeeded in winning the seat from Labour in a by-election on a very large swing. Prior to the by-election, it had been one of the safest Labour seats in the UK. At the 2010 general election, the seat was regained for Labour by Margaret Curran from John Mason of the SNP; with a large majority of more than 11,000 votes.
It is one of the most deprived constituencies in the UK. Nearly 40% of adults smoke (UK average is 19.2%), and on average there are twenty-five drug-related deaths a year. Average male life expectancy is 68, five years less than the Scottish average, while in the Shettleston area it is 63. A 2008 World Health Organization report gave the average male life expectancy in Calton as 54, which is lower than it was before the Second World War.
On 28 June 2008, the sitting MP David Marshall announced he would step down because of a stress-related illness; he was appointed Steward of the Manor of Northstead on 30 June 2008, thus effectively resigning from the House of Commons. Although the seat represented Labour's third-largest majority in Scotland, it faced a strong challenge from the Scottish National Party, hot on the heels of Labour's disastrous performance at the 2008 Henley by-election. Nominations for candidates closed at 4pm on 9 July, and the election took place on 24 July.
On 25 July 2008, and after a recount, the SNP candidate John Mason won the seat with a narrow majority of 365 votes over the Labour Party candidate, Margaret Curran.
Members of Parliament
|2008 by-election||John Mason||SNP|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||James Harrison||1,626||4.2||+2.6|
|Liberal Democrats||Matthew Clark||576||1.6||+0.8|
|Liberal Democrats||Gary McLelland||318||0.7||−4.3|
|Scottish Socialist||Liam McLaughlan||224||0.5||−0.9|
|SNP gain from Labour||Swing||+30.7|
|Liberal Democrats||Kevin Ward||1,617||5.0||-6.8|
|BNP||Joe T Finnie||677||2.1||New|
|Scottish Socialist||Frances Curran||454||1.4||-2.1|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Ian Robertson||915||3.5||-8.3|
|Scottish Socialist||Frances Curran||555||2.1||-1.4|
|SNP gain from Labour||Swing||+22.5|
|Liberal Democrats||David Jackson||3,665||11.8||+6.0|
|Scottish Socialist||George Savage||1,096||3.5||-3.4|
Notes and references
- Carrell, Severin; Brooks, Libby; MacAskill, Ewen; McVeigh, Karen (8 May 2015). "SNP avalanche sweeps aside Douglas Alexander and Jim Murphy". The Guardian.
- Dempsey, Noel (6 February 2017). "Brexit: votes by constituency" – via commonslibrary.parliament.uk.
- "General election 2017: Sturgeon says Indyref2 'a factor' in SNP losses". 9 June 2017 – via www.bbc.com.
- "'Labour is coming back in Scotland': party predicts revival as Corbyn heads north". the Guardian. 23 August 2017.
- Library, House of Commons (23 June 2017). "GE2017: Marginal seats and turnout".
- "Fifth Periodical Report, Boundary Commission for Scotland". Archived from the original on 21 September 2007.
- McSmith, Andy (12 June 2008). "Struggle for survival in Labour heartland". The Independent. London. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
- Johnson, Simon (2 July 2008). "Glasgow as bad as the Gaza Strip, says SNP leader". London: The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 11 July 2008.
- "BBC News". 28 August 2008.
- "Manor of Northstead". hm-treasury.gov.uk. 2008. Archived from the original on 23 July 2008. Retrieved 30 June 2008.
- "Gordon Brown faces by-election test as veteran Scots MP David Marshal quits over illness". The Daily Record. 28 June 2008. Retrieved 28 June 2008.
- "Notice of By-election for the UK Parliament". Retrieved 12 July 2008.
- BBC Scotland election coverage, Friday 25 July 2008
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "G" (part 1)
- "Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll".
- "Glasgow East parliamentary constituency - Election 2019". Retrieved 16 December 2019.
- Glasgow Young Scot, 20 Trongate (11 May 2017). "General Election 2017 - Glasgow candidates announced".
- "Glasgow East parliamentary constituency - Election 2017" – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- election result♯25Aug15
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Glasgow East: Constituency". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
- Press Association (2 July 2008). "By-election candidates selected". Deeside Piper and Herald. Johnston Press Digital Publishing. Retrieved 5 July 2008.[permanent dead link]
- "In full: Glasgow East candidates". BBC News. British Broadcasting Corporation. 4 July 2008. Retrieved 5 July 2008.
- "Freedom-4-Choice party registration". Register of political parties. Electoral Commission. 6 September 2006. Archived from the original on 20 July 2008. Retrieved 9 July 2008.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Glasgow East". Financial Times. Archived from the original on 12 December 2013. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
- "Election 2005 Result: Glasgow East". BBC. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
♯ This reference gives all recent Glasgow City Westminster election results. You select the year and then the constituency to view the result.