Glasgow North East (UK Parliament constituency)
Glasgow North East is a burgh constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (at Westminster). It was first contested at the 2005 general election. The current Member of Parliament (MP) is Anne McLaughlin of the SNP who won the seat back from Labour's Paul Sweeney at the 2019 snap general election.
|Glasgow North East|
for the House of Commons
|Subdivisions of Scotland||City of Glasgow|
|Major settlements||Possilpark, Springburn|
|Member of Parliament||Anne McLaughlin (Scottish National Party)|
|Created from||Glasgow Springburn|
From the seat's creation until 2009, the constituency was represented by Michael Martin, previously MP for Glasgow Springburn from 1979. Martin was elected Speaker of the House of Commons in October 2000, but in May 2009 he announced that he would be resigning as Speaker on 21 June 2009 because of his perceived role in the MPs' expenses controversy. He was the first Speaker in 300 years to be forced out of office by a motion of no confidence. He also resigned as an MP the following day, resulting in a by-election on 12 November 2009, which was won by Willie Bain of the Labour Party with 59% of the vote. Bain retained the seat the following year at the 2010 UK general election, but was defeated by Anne McLaughlin of the SNP in 2015. The seat was regained for Labour by Paul Sweeney in the snap election of 2017, only to be lost again to McLaughlin and the SNP in the 2019 election.
Glasgow North East is one of seven constituencies covering the Glasgow City council area. All are entirely within the council area.
Prior to the 2005 general election, the city area was covered by ten constituencies, two of which straddled the boundaries of other council areas. The North East constituency includes most of the former Glasgow Springburn constituency and a small part of the former Glasgow Maryhill constituency.
The population of the constituency was 88,156 at the time of the 2011 UK Census. It comprises the communities of Ruchill, Hamiltonhill, Possilpark, Port Dundas, Sighthill, Lambhill, Colston, Milton, Springburn, Royston, Balornock, Barmulloch, Blackhill, Blochairn, Dennistoun, Germiston, Haghill, Carntyne, Robroyston, Provanmill, Riddrie, Hogganfield, Millerston and Ruchazie.
On commonly used measures like unemployment rate, people eligible for free school meals and educational attainment, Glasgow North East is one of the most deprived constituencies in the United Kingdom. Areas like Possilpark and Springburn were heavily affected by the decline of heavy engineering industry from the 1960s, as well as mass demolition of traditional tenement communities. The former tower block schemes at Sighthill and Red Road, the latter once known as the tallest public housing in Europe, have now been demolished and the areas are undergoing regeneration. The Forth and Clyde Canal at Port Dundas has also been a focus of regeneration. There are a series of inter-war housing areas developed after the Housing (Financial Provisions) Act 1924 such as Riddrie, Carntyne, Barmulloch, Provanmill and Parkhouse, as well as post-war schemes in Milton, Ruchazie and Balornock, all of which were the product of attempts at inner city slum clearance. However, the innermost area of Dennistoun retains the original Victorian tenement grid streets. Dennistoun has seen some gentrification, and is popular with students and young professionals, while to the north there have been some new private housing developments on the outskirts of Glasgow at Robroyston and Hogganfield.
Glasgow North East and its predecessor constituencies had been represented by MPs from the Labour Party with large majorities from the 1935 general election until 2015, when the seat was gained by the SNP during their landslide victory on the largest swing recorded at the general election that year of 39.3% from Labour to SNP. At the following election held just two years later, the seat was regained on a 12% swing by Labour's Paul Sweeney with a narrow majority of 242 votes (0.7%). However, the SNP regained the constituency with a marginal majority of 7% in 2019.
According to the British Election Study, it is the most left-wing seat in the country.
It had the lowest turnout of any seat at the 2017 United Kingdom general election.
Members of Parliament
|2005||Michael Martin||Speaker||Previously MP for Glasgow Springburn from 1979. Resigned the Speakership and from Parliament in 2009|
|2009 by-election||Willie Bain||Labour|
|2017||Paul Sweeney||Labour Co-op|
Elections in the 2010s
|Labour Co-op||Paul Sweeney||13,363||39.4||-3.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Nicolas Moohan||1,093||3.2||+1.2|
|SNP gain from Labour Co-op||Swing||+4.1|
|Labour Co-op||Paul Sweeney||13,637||42.9||+9.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Daniel Donaldson||637||2.0||+1.2|
|Labour Co-op gain from SNP||Swing||+12.6|
|Liberal Democrats||Eileen Baxendale||300||0.8||-6.9|
|SNP gain from Labour||Swing||+39.31|
1 As noted at the top of the article, this was the largest swing in the 2015 SNP Landslide.
|Liberal Democrats||Eileen Baxendale||2,262||7.7||N/A|
|Scottish Socialist||Kevin McVey||179||0.6||-4.3|
|Socialist Labour||Jim Berrington||156||0.5||-13.7|
|Labour gain from Speaker||Swing||+7.4|
Elections in the 2000s
A by-election was held in November 2009, caused by the resignation of former Speaker of the House of Commons Michael Martin. Labour won fairly comfortably, compared to the surprising SNP win in the neighbouring constituency of Glasgow East in the previous year. The turnout was the lowest in Scottish history.
|Liberal Democrats||Eileen Baxendale||474||2.3||New|
|Jury Team||John Smeaton||258||1.2||New|
|Scottish Socialist||Kevin McVey||152||0.7||-4.2|
|No Label||Mikey Hughes||54||0.3||New|
|Socialist Labour||Louise McDaid||47||0.2||-14.0|
|The Individuals Labour and Tory (TILT)||Colin Campbell||13||0.1||New|
|Labour gain from Speaker||Swing|
|Speaker||Michael Martin 1||15,153||53.3||-13.8|
|Socialist Labour||Doris Kelly||4,036||14.2||New|
|Scottish Socialist||Graham Campbell||1,402||4.9||-3.2|
|Scottish Unionist||Daniel Houston||1,266||4.5||+0.3|
1 Michael Martin stood as 'the Speaker seeking re-election'. The Speaker is elected by the House of Commons after each General Election.
As is conventional, Michael Martin (a member of the Labour Party when first elected Speaker) stood as Speaker of the House of Commons in the general election of 2005. The Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats did not stand against him. Other parties did, including the Scottish National Party (the Constitution of which requires that the party fight every seat in Scotland).
The most notable feature of the result was the relatively large vote for Arthur Scargill's Socialist Labour Party, in an area where it had very little base. This was considered to be a result of voter confusion (and not the first recorded example of its kind). A large number of traditional Labour Party voters may have voted for the Socialist Labour Party in the absence of a named Labour Party candidate on the ballot paper.
Notes and references
- "A note on the Speakership". Lords of the Blog. Hansard Society. 21 October 2009.
- Fifth Periodical Report Archived 21 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine Boundary Commission for Scotland
- Wheeler, Brian (1 December 2014). "The strange truth about how and why we vote" – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "G" (part 1)
- "Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll". Glasgow City Council. Retrieved 11 November 2019.
- "Glasgow North East parliamentary constituency - Election 2019". BBC News. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
- Glasgow Young Scot, 20 Trongate (11 May 2017). "General Election 2017 - Glasgow candidates announced".
- election result♯ http://www.glasgow.gov.uk/index.aspx?articleid=10527 25Aug15
- "SNP and Tory candidates revealed". Evening Times.
- "Seven Greens bid for city seats". Evening Times.
- "List of selected candidates". Liberal Democrats. 4 March 2015. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
- "2010 election result, Glasgow North East". glasgow.gov.uk.
- "UKPollingReport Election Guide 2010 » Glasgow North East". ukpollingreport.co.uk.
- "Election 2010 – Glasgow North East". BBC News.
- Johnson, Simon (13 November 2009). "Labour 'can win fourth general election after Glasgow North East'". The Telegraph. Retrieved 3 May 2010.
- election result♯ http://www.glasgow.gov.uk/index.aspx?articleid=10527&fPst=1 31Aug15
♯ This reference gives all recent Glasgow City Westminster election results. You select the year and then the constituency to view the result.
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Constituency represented by the Speaker