The Glasgow Subway is an underground rapid transit system in Glasgow, Scotland. Opened on 14 December 1896, it is the third-oldest underground metro system in the world after the London Underground, and the Budapest Metro. It is also one of the very few railways in the world with a track running gauge of 4 ft (1,219 mm). Originally a cable railway, the subway was later electrified, but the double-track circular line was never expanded. The line was originally known as the Glasgow District Subway, and was later renamed Glasgow Subway Railway. In 1936, when taken over by the Glasgow Corporation it was renamed the Glasgow Underground. Despite this rebranding, many Glaswegians continued to refer to the network as "the Subway". In 2003, the name "Subway" was officially readopted by its operator, the Strathclyde Partnership for Transport (SPT). A £40,000 study examining the feasibility of an expansion into the city's south side was conducted in 2005 while a further commitment from Labour in 2007 to extend to the East End was also to no avail.
|Transit type||Medium-capacity rail system/Rapid Transit|
|Number of lines||1|
|Number of stations||15|
|Annual ridership||12.7 million (2019/20)|
|Began operation||14 December 1896|
|Operator(s)||Strathclyde Partnership for Transport|
|System length||6+1⁄2 mi (10.5 km)|
|Track gauge||4 ft (1,219 mm)|
|Electrification||Third rail (600 volts DC)|
The system is not the oldest underground railway in Glasgow: that distinction belongs to a three-mile (five-kilometre) section of the Glasgow City and District Railway opened in 1863, now part of the North Clyde Line of the suburban railway network, which runs in a tunnel under the city centre between High Street and west of Charing Cross. Another major section of underground suburban railway line in Glasgow is the Argyle Line, which was formerly part of the Glasgow Central Railway.