Glirodon


Glirodon is a genus of extinct mammal from the Upper Jurassic. It was a relatively early member of the also-extinct order of Multituberculata, suborder "Plagiaulacida". These mammals lived in North America during the Mesozoic, also known as the "age of the dinosaurs".

Glirodon
Temporal range: Late Jurassic
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Multituberculata
Suborder: Plagiaulacida
Family: incertae sedis
Genus: Glirodon
Engelmann and Callison, 1999
Species

G. grandis

The genus Glirodon has been described by Engelmann G.F. and Callison G. (1999) from a 'gliriform tooth'.

The species Glirodon grandis, also described by Engelmann and Callison, has been found in the Upper Jurassic formations of Dinosaur National Monument in Utah (United States). Other than being a large, early American Multituberculate, (see Multituberculata), the nature of this beast is somewhat unclear. It is an "allodontid (two families and the genus Glirodon)", (Kielan-Jaworowska and Hurum, 2001). It had gliriform incisors; incisors with the "enamel reduced to a stripe on the front side." Apparently, this condition evolved several times among Multituberculates.

It is based on a portion of snout. "Glirodon retains the plesiomorphic 'plagiaulacidan' ("Plagiaulacida") dental formula and shares with Allodontidae the structure of the upper premolars (Pl.1 fis 2-4). It differs from the Paulchoffatiidae and Plagiaulacidae in having a single-cusped I3," (Kielan-Jaworowska & Hurum, 2001, p. 401-402). I3 refers to an upper incisor and 'plesiomorphic' means 'basal'.

Present in stratigraphic zones 4 and 6.[1]

References

  • Engelmann & Callison, (1999), Glirodon grandis, a new multituberculate mammal from the Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation. Vertebrate Paleontology of Utah, pp. 161–178, in the Utah Geological Survey, (ed. Gillette DD), 8/99.
  • Kielan-Jaworowska Z & Hurum JH (2001), Phylogeny and Systematics of multituberculate mammals. Paleontology 44, p. 389–429.
  • Most of this information has been derived from MESOZOIC MAMMALS; Basal Multituberculata, an Internet directory.
  1. Foster, J. (2007). "Appendix." Jurassic West: The Dinosaurs of the Morrison Formation and Their World. Indiana University Press. pp. 327–329.