Golf course

A golf course is the grounds where the sport of golf is played. It consists of a series of holes, each consisting of a tee box, a fairway, the rough and other hazards, and a green with a cylindrical hole in the ground, known as a "cup". The cup holds a flagstick, known as a "pin". A standard round of golf consists of 18 holes.[1] Most courses contain 18 holes; some share fairways or greens, and a subset has nine holes, played twice per round.[citation needed] Par-3 courses consist of nine or 18 holes all of which have a par of three strokes.

Aerial view of a golf course (Golfplatz Wittenbeck at the Baltic Sea, Germany)

Many older courses are links, often coastal. The first golf courses were based on the topography of sand dunes and dune slacks with a ground cover of grasses, exposed to the wind and sea.[2] Courses are private, public, or municipally owned, and typically feature a pro shop. Many private courses are found at country clubs.