Gorizia

Gorizia (Italian pronunciation: [ɡoˈrittsja] (listen); Slovene: Gorica [ɡɔˈɾìːtsa], colloquially stara Gorica 'old Gorizia'[3][4] to distinguish it from Nova Gorica; German: Görz, German pronunciation: [ɡœʁt͡s] (listen); Standard Friulian: Gurize, Southeastern Friulian: Guriza; Bisiacco: Gorisia, English (obsolete) "Goritz"),[5] is a town and comune in northeastern Italy, in the autonomous region of Friuli Venezia Giulia. It is located at the foot of the Julian Alps, bordering Slovenia. It was the capital of the former Province of Gorizia and is a local center of tourism, industry, and commerce. Since 1947, a twin town of Nova Gorica has developed on the other side of the modern-day Italian–Slovenian border. The entire region was subject to territorial dispute between Italy and Yugoslavia after World War II: after the new boundaries were established in 1947 and the old town was left to Italy, Nova Gorica was built on the Yugoslav side. Taken together, the two towns constitute a conurbation, which also includes the Slovenian municipality of Šempeter-Vrtojba. Since May 2011, these three towns have been joined in a common trans-border metropolitan zone, administered by a joint administration board.[6]

Gorizia
Gorica  (Slovene)
Gurize  (Friulian)
Guriza (Eastern Friulian)
Gorisia  (Venetian)
Comune di Gorizia
Občina Gorica
Comun di Gurize
The old part of Gorizia seen from the castle in August 2008
Location of Gorizia
Gorizia
Location of Gorizia in Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Gorizia
Gorizia (Friuli-Venezia Giulia)
Coordinates: 45°56′N 13°37′E
CountryItaly
RegionFriuli-Venezia Giulia
ProvinceGorizia (GO)
FrazioniCastello, Lucinico (Ločnik), Oslavia (Oslavje), Piuma (Pevma), San Mauro (Šmaver), Sant'Andrea (Štandrež), Straccis (Stražišče), Vallone dell'Acqua, Gradiscutta, Piedimonte (Podgora)
Government
  MayorRodolfo Ziberna (Forza Italia)
Area
  Total41 km2 (16 sq mi)
Elevation
84 m (276 ft)
Population
 (November, 2017)[2]
  Total34,428
  Density840/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Goriziani, Goričani
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
34170
Dialing code0481
Patron saintSaints Hilary and Tatian
Saint dayMarch 16
WebsiteOfficial website

The name of the town comes from the Slovene word gorica 'little hill', which is a very common toponym in Slovene-inhabited areas.[7]