Government of Sweden


The Government of the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish: Konungariket Sveriges regering) is the national cabinet and the supreme executive authority of Sweden. The short-form name Regeringen ("the Government") is used both in the Basic Laws of Sweden and in the vernacular, while the long-form is only used in international treaties.[1]

Government of the Kingdom of Sweden
Overview
Established1975
StateKingdom of Sweden
LeaderPrime Minister (Statsminister)
Appointed byPrime Minister is elected by the Riksdag.
Other ministers (statsråd) are appointed by the Prime Minister.
Main organCabinet
Responsible toRiksdag
HeadquartersRosenbad, Stockholm
Websitewww.government.se

Organisation


The Government operates as a collegial body with collective responsibility and consists of the Prime Ministerappointed and dismissed by the Speaker of the Riksdag (following an actual vote in the Riksdag before an appointment can be made)and other cabinet ministers (Swedish: Statsråd), appointed and dismissed at the sole discretion of the Prime Minister. The Government is responsible for its actions to the Riksdag.[2]

Following the adoption of the 1974 Instrument of Government on 1 January 1975the Government in its present constitutional form was constitutedand in consequence thereof the Swedish Monarch is no longer vested any nominal executive powers at all with respect to the governance of the Realm, but continues to serve as a strictly ceremonial head of state.[3]

History


Rosenbad, in central Stockholm, has been the seat of the Government since 1981.[4]

The present Government is formed according to the laws set out in the 1974 Instrument of Government. But it traces its history to the Middle Ages when in the 12th century the Swedish Privy Council was formed. It functioned in this capacity until 1789 when king Gustav III had it abolished when the Riksdag passed the Union and Security Act. The old privy council had only had members from the aristocracy. Gustav III instead instituted Rikets allmänna ärendens beredning. It functioned as the Government until 1809 when a new Instrument of Government was introduced, thus creating the present Government predecessor, the Council of State. It acted as the Government of Sweden until the 31 December 1974.

Role and scope


The Government governs the Realm. It is accountable to the Riksdag

Instrument of Government, Chapter 12, Article 1.[2]

The Instrument of Government (Swedish: Regeringsformen)—one of the Fundamental Laws of the Realm—sets out the main responsibilities and duties of the Government (including the Prime Minister's and other cabinet ministers') and how it relates to other organs of the State.[2]

The Chancellor of Justice and other State administrative authorities come under the Government, unless they are authorities under the Riksdag according to the present Instrument of Government or by virtue of other law.

Instrument of Government, Chapter 12, Article 1.[2]

Most state administrative authorities (statliga förvaltningsmyndigheter), as opposed to local authorities (kommuner), sorts under the Government, including the Armed Forces, Coast Guard, Customs Service and the police.

While the judiciary technically sort under the Government in the fiscal sense, Chapter 11 of the Instrument of Government provides safeguards to ensure its independence.[2][5]

In a unique feature of the Swedish constitutional system, individual cabinet ministers do not bear any individual ministerial responsibility for the performance of the agencies within their portfolio; as the director-generals and other heads of government agencies reports directly to the Government as a whole; and individual ministers cannot intervene in individual cases in matters that are to be handled by the individual agencies, unless otherwise specifically provided for in law; thus the origin of the pejorative, in Swedish political parlance, term ministerstyre (English: "ministerial rule").

High Contracting Party

Image of the signature blocks with seals of the 2011 Croatia EU Accession Treaty for Slovakia, Finland, Sweden and the United Kingdom. Note that Sweden is the only one of the four not with its head of state as high contracting party.

The Government of Sweden is the high contracting party when entering treaties with foreign sovereign states and international organisations (such as the European Union), as per 10:1 of the Instrument of Government.[2] In most other parliamentary systems (monarchies and republics alike) this formal function is usually vested in the head of state but exercised by ministers in such name.

Promulgation

Chapter 6, Article 7 prescribes that laws and ordinances are promulgated by the Government (by the Prime Minister or other cabinet minister),[2] and are subsequently published in the Swedish Code of Statutes (Swedish: Svensk författningssamling).[6]

Formation and dismissal


Following a general election, Speaker of the Riksdag begins to hold talks with the leaders of the parties with representation in the Riksdag, the Speaker then nominates a candidate for Prime Minister (statsminister). The nomination is then put to a vote in the chamber. Unless an absolute majority of the members (175 members) votes "no", the nomination is confirmed, otherwise it is rejected. The Speaker must then find a new nominee. This means the Riksdag can consent to a Prime Minister without casting any "yes" votes.

After being elected the Prime Minister appoints the cabinet ministers and announces them to the Riksdag. Prospective ministers do not have to be sitting members of the Riksdag, but if one accepts a nomination, they would surrender their seat to a substitute member. The new Government takes office at a special council held at the Royal Palace before the monarch, at which the Speaker of the Riksdag formally announces to the monarch that the Riksdag has elected a new Prime Minister and that the Prime Minister has chosen his cabinet ministers.

The Riksdag can cast a vote of no confidence against any single cabinet minister (Swedish: statsråd), thus forcing a resignation. To succeed a vote of no confidence must be supported by an absolute majority (175 members) or it has failed.

If a vote of no confidence is cast against the Prime Minister this means the entire government is rejected. A losing government has one week to call for a general election or else the procedure of nominating a new Prime Minister starts anew.

Cabinets


Government of Sweden
Sveriges regering
RoleExecutive cabinet
Established1975
Constitution instrumentInstrument of Government
Predecessor entitiesPrivy Council
(12th century—1789)
Rikets allmänna ärendens beredning
(1789-1809)
Council of State
(1809—1974)
Cabinet
MembersLöfven II Cabinet
Prime MinisterStefan Löfven
Deputy to the Prime MinisterIsabella Lövin
Number of membersTwenty-three
Administration
Working
language
Swedish
Staff organizationGovernment Offices
(the ministries are organised as entities within it)
LocationStockholm, Stockholm County, Sweden
SeatRosenbad (since 1981)

Present Cabinet

PortfolioMinisterTookofficeLeftofficeParty
Prime Minister's Office
Prime Minister Stefan Löfven21 January 2019IncumbentSocial Democratic
Deputy Prime Minister Margot Wallström21 January 201910 September 2019Social Democratic
 Morgan Johansson (de facto)10 September 2019IncumbentSocial Democratic
 Isabella Lövin (de jure)21 January 20195 February 2021Green
 Per Bolund (de jure)5 February 2021IncumbentGreen
Minister for EU Affairs Hans Dahlgren21 January 2019IncumbentSocial Democratic
Ministry of Justice
Minister for Justice
Minister for Migration
 Morgan Johansson21 January 2019IncumbentSocial Democratic
Minister of the Interior Mikael Damberg21 January 2019IncumbentSocial Democratic
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Minister for Foreign Affairs Margot Wallström21 January 201910 September 2019Social Democratic
 Ann Linde10 September 2019IncumbentSocial Democratic
Minister for Foreign Trade
Minister for Nordic Cooperation
 Ann Linde21 January 201910 September 2019Social Democratic
 Anna Hallberg10 September 2019IncumbentSocial Democratic
Minister for International Development Cooperation Peter Eriksson21 January 201917 December 2020Green
 Isabella Lövin (acting)17 December 20205 February 2021Green
 Per Olsson Fridh5 February 2021IncumbentGreen
Ministry of Defence
Minister for Defence Peter Hultqvist21 January 2019IncumbentSocial Democratic
Ministry of Health and Social Affairs
Minister for Health and Social Affairs Lena Hallengren21 January 2019IncumbentSocial Democratic
Minister for Social Security Annika Strandhäll21 January 20191 October 2019Social Democratic
 Ardalan Shekarabi1 October 2019IncumbentSocial Democratic
Ministry of Finance
Minister for Finance Magdalena Andersson21 January 2019IncumbentSocial Democratic
Minister for Financial Markets
Minister for Housing
Deputy Minister for Finance
 Per Bolund21 January 20195 February 2021Green
Minister for Financial Markets
Deputy Minister for Finance
 Åsa Lindhagen5 February 2021IncumbentGreen
Minister for Public Administration
Minister for Consumer Affairs
 Ardalan Shekarabi21 January 20191 October 2019Social Democratic
 Lena Micko1 October 2019IncumbentSocial Democratic
Ministry of Education and Research
Minister for Education Anna Ekström21 January 2019IncumbentSocial Democratic
Minister for Higher Education and Research Matilda Ernkrans21 January 2019IncumbentSocial Democratic
Ministry of the Environment
Minister for the Environment
Minister for the Climate
 Isabella Lövin21 January 20195 February 2021Green
 Per Bolund5 February 2021IncumbentGreen
Ministry of Enterprise and Innovation
Minister for Enterprise Ibrahim Baylan21 January 2019IncumbentSocial Democratic
Minister for Rural Affairs Jennie Nilsson21 January 2019IncumbentSocial Democratic
Ministry of Culture
Minister for Culture
Minister for Democracy
Minister for Sports
 Amanda Lind21 January 2019IncumbentGreen
Ministry of Employment
Minister for Employment Ylva Johansson21 January 201910 September 2019Social Democratic
 Eva Nordmark10 September 2019IncumbentSocial Democratic
Minister for Gender Equality
Minister with responsibility for anti-discrimination and anti-segregation
 Åsa Lindhagen21 January 20195 February 2021Green
Minister for Gender Equality
Minister for Housing
Minister with responsibility for anti-discrimination and anti-segregation
 Märta Stenevi5 February 2021IncumbentGreen
Ministry of Infrastructure
Minister for Infrastructure Tomas Eneroth21 January 2019IncumbentSocial Democratic
Minister for Energy
Minister for Digital Development
 Anders Ygeman21 January 2019IncumbentSocial Democratic

Former cabinets

Each appointment of a new Prime Minister is considered to result in a new cabinet, irrespective if the Prime Minister is reappointed or not. However, there is no automatic resignation following a defeat in a general election, so an election does not always result in a new cabinet.

Government offices


Chancellery House (Swedish: Kanslihuset) was the seat of the Government Offices until 1981, and the housed its predecessor, the Royal Chancery, dating back to the days of the Royal Palace fire in 1697.[7]
The Central Post Office Building, houses the Ministry of Enterprise.

Previously known as the Royal Chancery (Swedish: Kunglig Majestäts kansli), the name was changed to the Government Offices (Swedish: Regeringskansliet) on 1 January 1975 with the current Instrument of Government entering into effect.[8]

The Instrument of Government briefly mentions in Chapter 7, Article 1 that there is a staff organization supporting the Government known as the Government Offices. The present organizational charter for the Government Offices is found in the ordinance named Förordning (1996:1515) med instruktion för Regeringskansliet. Since the issuance of that ordinance in 1996, all the ministries are technically entities within the Government Offices (headed by the Prime Minister), rather than as separate organisations even though they operate as such. Below follows a short summary of the current structure.[9]

See also


References


  1. "Treaty between Sweden and Hong Kong" (PDF). Riksdag. Archived from the original on 17 October 2017. Retrieved 2018-05-28.
  2. "The Instrument of Government (as of 2012)" (PDF). The Riksdag. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 July 2012. Retrieved 2014-01-27.
  3. "The Head of State". Government of Sweden. Archived from the original on 2014-02-25. Retrieved 2014-02-22.
  4. "The Swedish Government Offices - a historical perspective". Government Offices of Sweden. Archived from the original on 2014-10-24. Retrieved 2014-10-24.
  5. "The Swedish courts". Domstolsverket. Archived from the original on 18 June 2012. Retrieved 2014-11-09.
  6. "Lag (1976:633) om kungörande av lagar och andra författningar" (in Swedish). Notisum. Archived from the original on 17 October 2017. Retrieved 2018-05-28.
  7. "Premises of the Government Offices". Government Offices of Sweden. Archived from the original on 2014-10-24. Retrieved 2014-10-24.
  8. "History of the Government Offices". The Riksdag. Archived from the original on 2014-10-24. Retrieved 2014-10-24.
  9. "Förordning (1996:1515) med instruktion för Regeringskansliet" (in Swedish). Swedish Code of Statutes. Retrieved 2014-01-27.
Bibliography