Government of the Grand National Assembly

The Government of the Grand National Assembly (Turkish: Büyük Millet Meclisi Hükûmeti), commonly known as the Ankara Government (Turkish: Ankara Hükûmeti),[3][4][5][6][7][8] was the name given to the provisional and revolutionary Turkish government based in Ankara (then known as Angora) during the Turkish War of Independence (1919–1923) and during the final years of the Ottoman Empire. It was led by the Turkish National Movement, as opposed to the crumbling Constantinople Government, which was led by the Ottoman Sultan.

Government of the
Grand National Assembly
Büyük Millet Meclisi Hükûmeti
1920–1923
Motto: Ya istiklâl ya ölüm!
"Liberty or death!"
Situation in the Ottoman Empire following the Treaty of Sèvres.
CapitalAnkara (de facto)
Official languagesTurkish[1]
Religion
Islam (official)[1]
GovernmentProvisional government under a parliamentary system
Speaker 
 1920–1923
Mustafa Kemalab
Prime Minister 
 1920–1921
Mustafa Kemal
 1921–1922
Mustafa Fevzi
 1922–1923
Hüseyin Rauf
 1923
Ali Fethi
LegislatureGrand National Assembly
Historical eraWar of Independence
23 April 1920
3 May 1920
20 January 1921
11 October 1922
1 November 1922
24 July 1923
29 October 1923
Population
 
6–7 million[2]
CurrencyOttoman lira
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Ottoman Empire
Armenia
Zone of Smyrna
Occupation of Constantinople
Democratic Republic of Georgia
Republic of Turkey
Today part ofTurkey
^a As "Speaker of the Grand National Assembly"
^b As "Commander-in-chief of Army of the Grand National Assembly" after 1921.

During the War of Independence, the Government of the Grand National Assembly commanded the army known as Kuva-yi Milliye ("National Forces"). After the war and victory over the monarchist Constantinople Government, the republican Ankara Government declared the end of the Ottoman Empire and the creation of the Republic of Turkey from its ashes in 1923. The Grand National Assembly is today the parliamentary body of Turkey.