Government of the Republic of China

The Government of the Republic of China, also known retroactively as the Government of Nationalist China,[1][note 1] is the unitary government that exercises control over Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu and other island groups in the free area. The president is the head of state. The government consists of Presidency and five branches (Yuan): the Executive Yuan, Legislative Yuan, Judicial Yuan, Examination Yuan, and Control Yuan.

The Government of the
Republic of China
Emblem of the Republic of China
Formation1 January 1912 (Provisional Government of the Republic of China
25 December 1947 (Present government)
7 December 1949 (relocated to Taipei)
JurisdictionFree area of the Republic of China
WebsiteTaiwan.gov.tw
Legislative branch
LegislatureLegislative Yuan
Control Yuan (chamber defunct)
National Assembly (defunct)
Meeting placeLegislative Yuan Building, Taipei
Executive branch
LeaderPresident of the Republic of China
AppointerDirect popular vote
HeadquartersPresidential Office Building
Main organExecutive Yuan
Departments35
Judicial branch
CourtJudicial Yuan
SeatTaipei
Government of the
Republic of China
Traditional Chinese中華民國政府
Simplified Chinese中华民国政府
Government of China
(name used until 1971)
Traditional Chinese中國政府
Simplified Chinese中国政府

Originally established in 1912 in Nanking, the Government of the Republic of China relocated several times before finally moving to Taipei in the island of Taiwan in 1949 because of its military losses in the Chinese Civil War. The government has historically been dominated by the Kuomintang, but the situation has changed as Taiwan evolved into a multi-party democracy.