Governor of Gibraltar


The Governor of Gibraltar is the representative of the British monarch in the British overseas territory of Gibraltar. The governor is appointed by the monarch on the advice of the British Government. The role of the governor is to act as the de facto head of state, and he is responsible for formally appointing the Chief Minister of Gibraltar, along with other members of the Government of Gibraltar after a general election. The governor serves as commander-in-chief of Gibraltar's military forces and has sole responsibility for defence and security.

Governor of Gibraltar
Incumbent
Lieutenant General Ed Davis
CB, CBE

since 19 January 2016
StyleHis Excellency
ResidenceThe Convent, Main Street, Gibraltar
AppointerElizabeth II
as Queen of the United Kingdom
Formation24 July 1704
First holderAdmiral of the Fleet Sir George Rooke
WebsiteOffice of the Governor
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Gibraltar
Gibraltar portal

The governor has his own flag in Gibraltar, the Union Flag defaced with the territory's coat of arms. However, at the governor's official residence (The Convent), the Union flag and the flag of Gibraltar are also flown.

List of Governors of Gibraltar

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Picture Term Incumbent Notes
4 August 1704 Habsburg occupation
4 August 1704 to 6 August 1704Field Marshal Prince George of Hesse-Darmstadt, GovernorAppointed by Archduke Charles
6 August 1704 to November 1704Major-General The 1st Count of Valdesoto, GovernorAppointed by Archduke Charles
24 December 1704 to 24 December 1707Major-General John Shrimpton, GovernorAppointed by Archduke Charles
24 December 1707 to 24 January 1711Major-General Roger Elliott, Governor
24 January 1711 to 13 July 1713Thomas Stanwix, Governor
13 July 1713 Spain cedes Gibraltar to Great Britain in the Treaty of Utrecht
13 July 1713 to 7 August 1713Brigadier-General Thomas Stanwix, Governor
7 August 1713 to 20 October 1720General The Earl of Portmore, Governor
20 October 1720 to 2 February 1727Richard Kane, Governor
2 February 1727 to 13 May 1730Jasper Clayton, Governor
15 May 1730 to 24 October 1739General Joseph Sabine, Governor
24 October 1739 to 22 April 1740Francis Columbine, Governor
22 April 1740 to 14 March 1748/9William Hargrave, Governor
14 March 1748/9 to 31 May 1754Humphrey Bland, Governor
31 May 1754 to 12 July 1756Thomas Fowke, Governor
12 July 1756 to 16 April 1757Lieutenant-General The Lord Tyrawley, GovernorLater promoted to field marshal.
16 April 1757 to 28 April 1761The Earl of Home, Governor
28 April 1761 to 23 June 1761John Toovey, acting Governor
13 June 1761 to 14 June 1761[dubious ]Major-General John Parslow, acting Governor
14 June 1761 to January 1776Edward Cornwallis, Governor
1765 to 1767John Irwin, acting Governor
January 1776 to 25 May 1777Robert Boyd, acting Governor1st Term
25 May 1777 to 14 June 1787George Augustus Eliott, Governor
14 June 1787 to July 1790The Lord Heathfield, Governor
July 1790 to October 1790Sir Robert Boyd, acting Governor
October 1790 to 13 May 1794Sir Robert Boyd, Governor2nd Term
1794–1795Henry Clinton, GovernorDied in London before taking up the post
13 May 1794 to 30 December 1795Charles Rainsford, GovernorRobert Boyd's second-in-command and assumed position on his death
30 December 1795 to 25 February 1802Charles O'Hara, Governor
25 February 1802 to 10 May 1802Charles Barnett, Governor
24 May 1802 to 23 January 1820The Duke of Kent
2 May 1803 to 17 December 1804Sir Thomas Trigge, acting GovernorFor the Duke of Kent
17 December 1804 to June 1806Henry Edward Fox, acting GovernorFor the Duke of Kent
June 1806 to November 1806James Drummond, acting Governor1st Term; for the Duke of Kent
November 1806 to August 1808Sir Hew Dalrymple, acting GovernorFor the Duke of Kent
August 1808 to May 1809James Drummond, acting Governor2nd Term; for the Duke of Kent
May 1809 to August 1809Sir John Cradock, acting GovernorFor the Duke of Kent
August 1809 to October 1809Brigadier-General John Smith, acting GovernorFor the Duke of Kent
Sir John Smith from 1831, later promoted to full general
October 1809 to November 1809Alex McKenzie Fraser, acting GovernorFor the Duke of Kent
November 1809 to 2 April 1814Colin Campbell, acting GovernorFor the Duke of Kent
3 April 1814 to 15 November 1821Sir George Don, acting Governor1st Term; for the Duke of Kent
29 January 1820 to 1835The Earl of Chatham, Governor
7 June 1825 to 20 June 1830Sir George Don, acting Governor2nd Term; for the Earl of Chatham
20 June 1830Gibraltar becomes a British Crown colony
20 June 1830 to 10 May 1831Sir George Don, acting Governor2nd Term; for the Earl of Chatham
10 May 1831 to 29 May 1835Sir William Houston, acting GovernorFor the Earl of Chatham
28 February 1835 to 11 October 1842Sir Alexander Woodford, Governor
11 October 1842 to 12 December 1848Sir Robert Wilson, Governor
12 December 1848 to 26 July 1855Sir Robert Gardiner, Governor
26 July 1855 to 5 May 1859Sir James Fergusson, Governor
5 May 1859 to 21 September 1865Sir William Codrington, Governor
21 September 1865 to 25 July 1870Sir Richard Airey, Governor
25 July 1870 to 23 June 1876Sir William Williams, Governor
23 June 1876 to 3 January 1883The Lord Napier of Magdala, Governor
3 January 1883 to 2 November 1886Sir John Miller Adye, Governor
2 November 1886 to 23 August 1890Sir Arthur Hardinge, Governor
23 August 1890 to 27 January 1891Sir Leicester Smyth, Governor
27 January 1891 to 31 March 1891H. R. L. Newdigate, acting Governor
31 March 1891 to 27 June 1893Sir Lothian Nicholson, Governor
27 June 1893 to 7 August 1893G.J. Smart, acting Governor
7 August 1893 to 22 May 1900Sir Robert Biddulph, Governor
22 May 1900 to 1 August 1905Sir George Stuart White, Governor
1 August 1905 to 30 July 1910Sir Frederick Forestier-Walker, Governor
30 July 1910 to 11 July 1913Sir Archibald Hunter, Governor
11 July 1913 to 9 July 1918Sir Herbert Miles, Governor
9 July 1918 to 26 May 1923Sir Horace Smith-Dorrien, Governor
26 May 1923 to 13 August 1928Sir Charles Monro, Governor
13 August 1928 to 13 May 1933Sir Alexander Godley, Governor
13 May 1933 to 12 August 1938Sir Charles Harington Harington, Governor
12 August 1938 to 11 July 1939Sir Edmund Ironside, Governor
11 July 1939 to 14 May 1941Sir Clive Gerard Liddell, Governor
14 May 1941 to 31 May 1942The Viscount Gort, Governor
31 May 1942 to 14 February 1944Sir Noel Mason-Macfarlane, Governor
14 February 1944 to 8 February 1947Sir Ralph Eastwood, Governor
8 February 1947 to 23 April 1952Sir Kenneth Anderson, Governor
23 April 1952 to 6 May 1955Sir Gordon MacMillan, Governor
6 May 1955 to 16 April 1958Sir Harold Redman, Governor
16 April 1958 to 8 June 1962Sir Charles Keightley, Governor
8 June 1962 to 5 August 1965Sir Alfred Ward, Governor
5 August 1965 to March 1969Sir Gerald Lathbury, Governor
March 1969 to 3 October 1973Admiral of the Fleet Sir Varyl Begg, Governor
3 October 1973 to 30 May 1978Marshal of the RAF Sir John Grandy, Governor
30 May 1978 to 1981General Sir William Jackson, Governor
1981Gibraltar becomes a British dependent territoryUnder the British Nationality Act 1981
1981 to 26 October 1982General Sir William Jackson, Governor
26 October 1982 to 19 November 1985Admiral Sir David Williams, Governor
19 November 1985 to December 1989Air Chief Marshal Sir Peter Terry, Governor
December 1989 to April 1993Sir Derek Reffell, Governor
April 1993 to 5 December 1995Sir John Chapple, Governor
5 December 1995 to 19 February 1997Admiral Sir Hugo White, Governor
24 February 1997 to 21 March 2000Sir Richard Luce, Governor
21 March 2000 to 5 April 2000Paul Speller, acting Governor
5 April 2000 to 2002David Durie, Governor
2002Gibraltar becomes a British overseas territoryUnder the British Overseas Territories Act 2002
2002 to 16 May 2003David Durie, GovernorSir David Durie from 1 January 2003
16 May 2003 to 27 May 2003David Blunt, acting Governor
27 May 2003 to 17 July 2006Sir Francis Richards, Governor
17 July 2006 to 27 September 2006Philip Barton, acting Governor
27 September 2006 to 21 October 2009Lieutenant-General Sir Robert Fulton, Governor
21 October 2009 to 26 October 2009Leslie Pallett, acting Governor[1]
26 October 2009 to 13 November 2013Vice Admiral Sir Adrian Johns, Governor[2][3]
13 November 2013 to 6 December 2013Alison MacMillan, acting Governor[4]
6 December 2013 to 28 September 2015Lieutenant General Sir James Dutton, Governor[5][6]
28 September 2015 to 19 January 2016Alison MacMillan, acting Governor[7]
19 January 2016 to PresentLieutenant General Ed Davis, Governor[8]

See also

References

  1. "Sir Robert Leaves The Rock". Gibraltar Chronicle. 22 October 2009. Archived from the original on 27 February 2012. Retrieved 30 October 2012.
  2. "New swearing in ceremony for Vice Admiral Sir Adrian Johns". Gibraltar Chronicle. 26 October 2009. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 30 October 2012.
  3. "GBC News online report video of Sir Adrian Johns' departure". Gibraltar Broadcasting Corporation. 13 November 2013. Retrieved 13 November 2013.
  4. "Alison MacMillan appointed interim Governor until arrival of Sir James Dutton in December". Gibraltar Chronicle. 14 November 2013. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2013.
  5. "Dutton is New Gibraltar Governor". Gibraltar Chronicle. 19 September 2013. Archived from the original on 10 December 2013. Retrieved 24 September 2013.
  6. Reyes, Brian (6 December 2013). "Navy Flagship to Patrol Gib Waters Before Landing New Governor". Gibraltar Chronicle. Archived from the original on 10 December 2013. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
  7. "Deputy Governor sworn in as interim Governor at the Convent". GBC News. 28 September 2015. Retrieved 29 September 2015.
  8. "New Gibraltar governor pledges to ensure sovereignty, safety and success for the Rock". MercoPress. 20 January 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2016.