Governorates of Iraq


Iraq presently consists of 19 governorates (محافظة muḥāfażah in Arabic, parêzgeh in Kurdish), also known as "provinces". Per the Iraqi constitution, three or more governorates can join to form an autonomous region.[citation needed] Baghdad and Basra are the oldest standing administrative regions of Iraq while In 2014 the decision was made to create the Halabja Governorate out of the Halabja District of the Sulaymaniyah Governorate.[1][2]

Iraqi Governorates
المحافظات العراقية (Arabic)
Parêzgehê Iraq (Kurdish)
  • Also known as:
  • Muḥāfażah
    محافظة (Arabic)
    پارێزگا Parêzgeh
CategoryFederated state
LocationRepublic of Iraq
Number19 governorates
Populations108,974 (Helebce) – 8,126,755 (Baghdad)
Areas529 km2 (204.2 sq mi) (Baghdad) – 138,500 km2 (53,476 sq mi) (Al Anbar)
Government
Subdivisions
Numbered Map of Iraqi Governorates

On 21 January 2014, the Council of Ministers of the government of Iraq approved in principle proposals to create more governorates.[3] The Council announced that two new governorates Tal Afar and Tuz Khurmatu would be formed from the current Nineveh Governorate and Saladin Governorate, respectively.[4] It was also announced that the city of Fallujah of the Al Anbar Governorate would become a separate governorate.[3]

Governorates


Governorates of Iraq
Governorate Postal
code
ISO
code
Total area
in miles2
Total area
in km2
Population
1 July 2018[5]
Population
Density
in miles
Population
Density
in km
Capital
Al Anbar 31AN 53,476 138,501 1,771,656 29.1 11.2 Ramadi
Babylon 51BB 1,976 5,603 2,065,042 921.4 324.9 Hillah
Baghdad 10BG 78.84 4,555 8,126,755 89,487.5 1,548.8 Baghdad
Basra 61BA 7,360 19,070 2,908,491 344.0 132.7 Basra
Dhi Qar 64DQ 5,000 12,900 2,095,172 367.2 142.3 Nasiriyah
Al-Qādisiyyah 58QA 3,148 8,153 1,291,048 360.3 139.1 Al Diwaniyah
Diyala 32DI 6,828 17,685 1,637,226 211.3 81.6 Baqubah
Duhok 42DA 2,530 6,553 1,292,535 445.5 172.2 Duhok
Erbil 44AR 5,820 15,074 1,854,778 277.0 106.9 Erbîl
Halabja 46 1,180 3,060 108,974 285.5 110.1 Helebce
Karbala 56KA 1,944 5,034 1,218,732 548.6 211.8 Karbala
Kirkuk 36KI 3,737 9,679 1,597,876 373.4 144.1 Kirkuk
Maysan 62MA 6,205 16,072 1,112,673 156.5 60.4 Amarah
Muthanna 66MU 19,980 51,740 814,371 35.9 13.8 Samawah
Najaf 54NA 11,129 28,824 1,471,592 115.5 44.5 Najaf
Nineveh 41NI 14,410 37,323 3,729,998 226.9 87.6 Mosul
Saladin 34SD 9,556 24,751 1,595,235 147.3 56.8 Tikrit
Sulaymaniyah 46SU 6,573 17,023 2,053,305 285.8 110.3 Slêmanî
Wasit 52WA 6,623 17,153 1,378,723 182.7 70.5 Kut

Previous governorates


Governorate Now part of
Mosul Nineveh Governorate
Duhok Governorate
Diwaniya Al-Qādisiyyah Governorate
Muthanna Governorate
Najaf Governorate
Dulaim (–1962)
Ramadi (1962–1976)
Al Anbar Governorate
Muntafiq (–1976) Dhi Qar Governorate
Amara (–1976) Maysan Governorate
Kut (–1976) Wasit Governorate
Baghdad Baghdad Governorate
Saladin Governorate
Kirkuk (–1976)
At-Ta'mim (1976–2006)
Kirkuk Governorate

See also


References


  1. "KRG order turning Halabja into province sets off street celebrations". Rudaw. 14 March 2014. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
  2. "Kurdistan Region President signs Halabja province directive". Kurdistan Region Presidency. 16 March 2014. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
  3. "Resolutions of Council of Ministers For Session No. 3 on 21/1/2014". 21 January 2014. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
  4. "Iraqi Council of Ministers approved new provinces of Tuz Xurmatu and Tal Afar". Kurd Net. 21 January 2014. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
  5. "Original PDF". dx.doi.org. Retrieved 2021-05-10.