Governorates of Jordan


Jordan is divided into three regions, further into twelve governorates (muhafatha), further subdivided into districts (liwa), and often into sub-districts (qda).[1]

1994 reform


In 1994, four new governorates were created as part of the administrative divisions system of the Ministry of Interior: Jerash, Ajloun, Madaba and Aqaba. Jerash Governorate and Ajloun Governorate were split from Irbid Governorate, Madaba Governorate was split from Amman Governorate and Aqaba Governorate was split from Ma'an Governorate.[1]

Geographical regions vs. metropolitan areas


Geographically, the governorates of Jordan are located in one of three regions: the North Region, Central Region and the South Region. The three geographical regions are not distributed by area or populations, but rather by geographical connectivity and distance among the population centres. The South Region is separated from the Central Region by the Mountains of Moab in Karak Governorate. The population centres of the Central and North Region are separated geographically by the mountains of Jerash Governorate.

Socially, the population centres of Amman, Salt, Zarqa and Madaba form together one large metropolitan area in which business interactions in these cities are under the influence of Amman, while the cities of Jerash, Ajloun, and Mafraq are mostly under the influence of the city of Irbid.

The 12 governorates


Map of the governorates of Jordan
Governorates of Jordan
Governorate Area[2] (km2) Population[3] Urban[3] Rural[3] Density[2] (people/km2) HDI 2015[4] Capital
North Region
1Irbid1,5721,137,100943,000194,100723.4 0.740Irbid
2Ajloun420146,900111,50035,400350.1 0.742Ajloun
3Jerash410191,700120,10071,600467.8 0.734Jerash
4Mafraq26,551300,300117,800182,50011.3 0.717Mafraq
North Region: total28,953 1,776,0001,292,400483,60061.3
Central Region
5Balqa1,120428,000307,400120,600382.0 0.739Salt
6Amman7,5792,473,4002,325,500147,900326.3 0.752Amman
7Zarqa4,761951,800899,80052,000199.9 0.731Zarqa
8Madaba940159,700114,00045,700170.0 0.735Madaba
Central Region: total14,4004,012,9003,646,700366,200278.7
South Region
9Karak3,495249,10087,200161,90071.3 0.739Al Karak
10Tafilah2,20989,40063,80025,60040.5 0.731Tafilah
11Ma'an32,832121,40066,60054,8003.7 0.698Ma'an
12Aqaba6,905139,200119,70019,50020.2 0.739Aqaba
South Region: total45,441599,100337,300261,80013.2
HK of Jordan: total88,7946,388,0005,276,400 (82.6%)1,111,600 (17.4%)71.9 0.741Amman

See also


References


  1. "Annex B: Analysis of the municipal sector" (PDF). Third Tourism Development Project, Secondary Cities Revitalization Study. Ministry of Antiquities and Tourism, Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. 24 May 2005. p. 4. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 April 2016.
  2. "Estimated Population of the Kingdom, Area (Km2) and Population Density by Governorate, at End-year 2012" (PDF). Department of Statistics - Jordan. 2012. Retrieved 27 December 2013.
  3. "Estimated Population of the Kingdom by Urban* and Rural, at End-year 2012" (PDF). Department of Statistics - Jordan. 2012. Retrieved 27 December 2013.
  4. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-17.