Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich of Russia

Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich of Russia (1827–1892) was the second son of Nicholas I and his wife Charlotte of Prussia, and the Emperor's Viceroy of Poland from 1862 to 1863.

Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich
Born(1827-09-21)21 September 1827
Winter Palace, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
Died25 January 1892(1892-01-25) (aged 64)
Pavlovsk Palace, Pavlovsk, Russian Empire
Grand Ducal Mausoleum, St. Petersburg, Russian Empire
...and 6 illegitimate children
Grand Duke Nicholas Konstantinovich
Olga Konstantinovna, Queen of the Hellenes
Vera Konstantinovna, Duchess Eugen of Württemberg
Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich
Grand Duke Dimitri Konstantinovich
Grand Duke Vyacheslav Konstantinovich
Konstantin Nikolayevich Romanov
House Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov
FatherNicholas I of Russia
Mother Charlotte of Prussia
ReligionRussian Orthodox

The Grand Duke was a supporter of the liberal (sometimes referred to[by whom?] as "enlightened") bureaucrats during the period of his brother Alexander II's great reforms. He served as chairman of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society (founded in 1845). The Geographical Society was subordinate to the Ministry of Internal Affairs, which was home to a conspicuous number of liberal bureaucrats [ru], including Nikolai Miliutin.

In addition to his support of and participation in the 1861 emancipation of the serfs, the Grand Duke also instituted reforms in the Imperial Russian Navy from 1854.

Konstantin's brother[which?] was supposed[by whom?] to have said: "Let the Poles have their own court and intrigues." Though the Grand Duke tried to show a liberal attitude towards the Poles, his efforts came too late and he was recalled with the outbreak of the January Uprising in 1863.