Grangemouth (Scots: Grangemooth; Scottish Gaelic: Inbhir Ghrainnse, pronounced [ˈinivɪɾʲˈɣɾaiɲʃə]) is a town in the Falkirk council area, Scotland. Historically part of the county of Stirlingshire, the town lies in the Forth Valley, on the banks of the Firth of Forth, 3 miles (4.8 km) east of Falkirk, 5 miles (8.0 km) west of Bo'ness and 13 miles (20.9 km) south-east of Stirling. Grangemouth had a resident population of 17,906 according to the 2001 Census. Preliminary figures from the 2011 census reported the number as 17,373.
From Dumyat looking towards Grangemouth, December 2013
|Area||4.12 sq mi (10.7 km2)|
|Population||16,650 (mid-2016 est.)|
|• Density||4,041/sq mi (1,560/km2)|
|OS grid reference|
|• Edinburgh||21.0 mi (33.8 km) SE|
|• London||345 mi (555 km) SSE|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Grangemouth's original growth as a town relied mainly on its geographical location. Originally a bustling port, trade flowed through the town with the construction of the Forth and Clyde Canal in the 18th century. Nowadays, the economy of Grangemouth is focused primarily on the large petrochemical industry of the area which includes the oil refinery, owned by Ineos, one of the largest of its kind in Europe. The town is twinned with La Porte, Indiana.
Residents of the town are known as Portonians.