Granville Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Granville

Granville George Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Granville, KG PC FRS (11 May 1815  31 March 1891), styled Lord Leveson until 1846, was a British Liberal statesman[1] from the Leveson-Gower family.


The Earl Granville

Leader of the House of Lords
In office
6 February 1886  20 July 1886
MonarchQueen Victoria
Prime MinisterWilliam Ewart Gladstone
Preceded byThe Marquess of Salisbury
Succeeded byThe Marquess of Salisbury
In office
28 April 1880  9 June 1885
MonarchQueen Victoria
Prime MinisterWilliam Ewart Gladstone
Preceded byThe Earl of Beaconsfield
Succeeded byThe Marquess of Salisbury
In office
9 December 1868  17 February 1874
MonarchQueen Victoria
Prime MinisterWilliam Ewart Gladstone
Preceded byThe Earl of Malmesbury
Succeeded byThe Duke of Richmond
In office
18 June 1859  29 October 1865
MonarchQueen Victoria
Prime MinisterThe Viscount Palmerston
Preceded byThe Earl of Derby
Succeeded byThe Earl of Derby
In office
8 February 1855  21 February 1858
MonarchQueen Victoria
Prime MinisterThe Viscount Palmerston
Preceded byThe Earl of Aberdeen
Succeeded byThe Earl Russell
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
In office
28 April 1880  24 June 1885
MonarchQueen Victoria
Prime MinisterWilliam Ewart Gladstone
Preceded byThe Marquess of Salisbury
Succeeded byThe Marquess of Salisbury
In office
6 July 1870  21 February 1874
MonarchQueen Victoria
Prime MinisterWilliam Ewart Gladstone
Preceded byThe Earl of Clarendon
Succeeded byThe Earl of Derby
In office
26 December 1851  27 February 1852
MonarchQueen Victoria
Prime MinisterLord John Russell
Preceded byThe Viscount Palmerston
Succeeded byThe Earl of Malmesbury
Lord President of the Council
In office
18 June 1859  6 July 1866
MonarchQueen Victoria
Prime MinisterThe Viscount Palmerston
The Earl Russell
Preceded byThe Marquess of Salisbury
Succeeded byThe Duke of Buckingham and Chandos
In office
8 February 1855  26 February 1858
MonarchQueen Victoria
Prime MinisterThe Viscount Palmerston
Preceded byLord John Russell
Succeeded byThe Marquess of Salisbury
In office
28 December 1852  12 June 1854
MonarchQueen Victoria
Prime MinisterThe Earl of Aberdeen
Preceded byThe Earl of Lonsdale
Succeeded byLord John Russell
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
In office
21 June 1854  30 January 1855
MonarchQueen Victoria
Prime MinisterThe Earl of Aberdeen
Preceded byEdward Strutt
Succeeded byThe Earl of Harrowby
Vice-Presidents of the Board of Trade
In office
8 May 1848  11 February 1852
MonarchQueen Victoria
Prime MinisterLord John Russell
Preceded byThomas Milner Gibson
Succeeded byThe Lord Stanley of Alderley
Master of the Buckhounds
In office
9 July 1846  16 May 1848
MonarchQueen Victoria
Prime MinisterRobert Peel
Lord John Russell
Preceded byThe Earl of Rosslyn
Succeeded byThe Earl of Bessborough
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
In office
7 March 1840  4 September 1841
MonarchQueen Victoria
Prime MinisterThe Viscount Melbourne
Robert Peel
Preceded byWilliam Fox-Strangways
Succeeded byThe Viscount Canning
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
In office
9 January 1846  31 March 1891
Hereditary Peerage
Preceded byThe 1st Earl Granville
Succeeded byThe 3rd Earl Granville
Member of Parliament
for Lichfield
In office
15 September 1841  8 January 1846
Preceded byGeorge Anson
Succeeded byEdward Lloyd-Mostyn
Personal details
Born(1815-05-11)11 May 1815
London
Died31 March 1891(1891-03-31) (aged 75)
London
NationalityBritish
Political partyLiberal
Spouse(s)(1) Mary Louise von Dalberg
(1813–1860)
(2) Castila Rosalind Campbell (died 1938)
ChildrenGranville Leveson-Gower, 3rd Earl Granville
William Leveson-Gower, 4th Earl Granville
ParentsGranville Leveson-Gower, 1st Earl Granville
Lady Harriet Cavendish
Alma materChrist Church, Oxford
Caricature by Ape published in Vanity Fair in 1869.

In a political career spanning over 50 years, he was thrice Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, led the Liberal Party in the House of Lords for almost 30 years and was joint Leader of the Liberal Party between 1875 and 1880. He is best known for his pacific stewardship of Britain's external relations, 1870–74 and 1880–85, in co-operation with his best friend, Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone. His foreign policy was based on patience, peace, and no alliances; it kept Britain free from European wars and improved relations with the United States after the strain during the American Civil War.