Greater London

Greater London is an administrative area[3] governed by the Greater London Authority, and a ceremonial county of England that covers the bulk of the same area, with the exception of the City of London. It forms the London region. Greater London is the administrative boundary for London, and is organised into 33 local government districts: the 32 London boroughs and the City of London, which is part of the region but forms a separate ceremonial county. The Greater London Authority, based in Southwark, is responsible for strategic local government across the region and consists of the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.

Greater London
London region
Greater London county (red)
City of London (red & white stripes)
London region (both)
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
Established1 April 1965
Established byLondon Government Act 1963
Time zoneUTC±00:00 (Greenwich Mean Time)
  Summer (DST)UTC+01:00 (British Summer Time)
Members of Parliament73 MPs
PoliceCity of London Police and Metropolitan Police
Ceremonial county
Lord LieutenantKen Olisa
High SheriffJohn Garbutt[1] (2020–21)
Area1,569 km2 (606 sq mi)
  Ranked25th of 48
Population (mid-2019 est.)8,899,375
  Ranked1st of 48
Density5,671/km2 (14,690/sq mi)
Ethnicity59.8% White (of which 44.9% White British)
18.4% Asian
13.3% Black
5% mixed
3.4% other
GovernmentGreater London Authority
Mayor Sadiq Khan
London Assembly
Admin HQSouthwark
Area1,572 km2 (607 sq mi)
Population8,961,989 (mid-2019 estimate)[2]
Density5,701/km2 (14,770/sq mi)
ONS codeH
GSS codeE12000007
Counties of the London region
  1. City of London
  2. Greater London

Districts of Greater London

Greater London was first established in 1965 as a sui generis council area and ceremonial county under the Greater London Council on 1 April 1965 through the London Government Act 1963.[4] The GLC was abolished in 1986. In 1994, the area was established as a government office region. The Greater London Authority was formed in 2000.[5][6][7]

The region covers 1,572 km2 (607 sq mi) and had a population of 8,174,000 at the 2011 census.[8][9][10][11] In 2018 the estimated population surpassed 9 million. The Greater London Built-up Area is used in some national statistics and is a measure of most of the continuous urban area, and includes areas outside the administrative region.

Although Greater London would appear to be a city, it lacks any formal recognised city status in the UK and has not been granted an official city charter from the monarch.[12] Instead, Greater London is officially a metropolitan region, not a city.[13]

However, the ancient "Square Mile" City of London, which lies in the centre of Greater London (but is not one of Greater London's 32 boroughs[14]) does have its own separate official city status,[15] with its own separate Lord Mayor[16] and separate City of London police force.[17] The City of London is also a separate ceremonial county, the smallest in England.[18]

As a ceremonial county, Greater London has a Lord-Lieutenant[19] and a High Sheriff,[1] both appointed by the British monarch, but Greater London is not one of England's historic counties.

Before the UK seceded from the European Union in 2020 after Brexit, Greater London had also a been a regional constituency of the European Parliament, known generally as "London".