Greek Orthodox Church
The Greek Orthodox Church (Greek: Ἑλληνορθόδοξη Ἐκκλησία, Ellinorthódoxi Ekklisía, IPA: [elinorˈθoðoksi ekliˈsia]), or Greek Orthodoxy, is the body of several churches within the larger communion of Eastern Orthodox Christianity whose liturgy is or was traditionally conducted in Koine Greek.
|Greek Orthodox Church|
|Classification||Eastern Orthodox Church|
|Scripture||Septuagint, New Testament|
|Theology||Eastern Orthodox theology|
|Primate||The Patriarchs of Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch and Jerusalem, and the Archbishops of Athens, Cyprus, Albania and Mount Sinai|
|Language||Koine Greek, Katharevousa, Arabic, and English, with other local languages used in the diaspora|
|Headquarters||Various, but Constantinople is held in special regard|
|Territory||Eastern Mediterranean and Greek diaspora|
|Separations||True Orthodoxy (Greek Old Calendarism) (1920s)|
|Members||23–25 million (about 40% of whom are in Greece)|
|Part of a series on the|
|Eastern Orthodox Church|
The history, traditions, and theology of Greek Orthodox Christianity are rooted in the early Church Fathers and the culture of the Byzantine Empire, which was heavily Greek. The church traditionally places great emphasis and value to monasticism and asceticism, which are rooted in early Christian practices in the Near East and Byzantine Anatolia.
The Greek Orthodox Church is the national church of Greece, where it is known as the Church of Greece, and the predominant faith among the Greek diaspora, for which it is a central marker of Greek identity. However, the Greek Orthodox Church is not restricted to ethnic Greeks or the Greek language.