Greek Orthodox Church

The Greek Orthodox Church (Greek: Ἑλληνορθόδοξη Ἐκκλησία, Ellinorthódoxi Ekklisía, IPA: [elinorˈθoðoksi ekliˈsia]), or Greek Orthodoxy, is the body of several churches within the larger communion of Eastern Orthodox Christianity whose liturgy is or was traditionally conducted in Koine Greek.[2][3][4][5]

Greek Orthodox Church
AbbreviationGOC
ClassificationEastern Orthodox Church
ScriptureSeptuagint, New Testament
TheologyEastern Orthodox theology
PolityEpiscopal
PrimateThe Patriarchs of Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch and Jerusalem, and the Archbishops of Athens, Cyprus, Albania and Mount Sinai
LanguageKoine Greek, Katharevousa,[1] Arabic, and English, with other local languages used in the diaspora
LiturgyByzantine Rite
HeadquartersVarious, but Constantinople is held in special regard
TerritoryEastern Mediterranean and Greek diaspora
FounderApostle Andrew
RecognitionOrthodox
SeparationsTrue Orthodoxy (Greek Old Calendarism) (1920s)
Members23–25 million (about 40% of whom are in Greece)

The history, traditions, and theology of Greek Orthodox Christianity are rooted in the early Church Fathers and the culture of the Byzantine Empire, which was heavily Greek. The church traditionally places great emphasis and value to monasticism and asceticism, which are rooted in early Christian practices in the Near East and Byzantine Anatolia.

The Greek Orthodox Church is the national church of Greece, where it is known as the Church of Greece, and the predominant faith among the Greek diaspora, for which it is a central marker of Greek identity.[6] However, the Greek Orthodox Church is not restricted to ethnic Greeks or the Greek language.