Greek resistance

The Greek resistance (Greek: Εθνική Αντίσταση, romanized: Ethnikí Antístasi, "National Resistance"), involved armed and unarmed groups from across the political spectrum that resisted the Axis occupation of Greece in the period 1941–1944, during World War II. The largest group was the Communist-dominated EAM-ELAS. The Greek Resistance is considered one of the strongest resistance movements in Nazi-occupied Europe,[7] with partisans, known as andartes,[8] controlling much of the countryside prior to the German withdrawal from Greece in late 1944.

National Resistance
Part of the Balkans Campaign of World War II and the Resistance against the Axis Powers

ELAS partisans
DateApril 1941 – October 1944
(until May 1945 in some Greek islands, including Crete)
Location
Result

Overall German withdrawal by October 1944

Belligerents
 Germany
 Italy (until Sep. 1943)
 Bulgaria (until Sep. 1944)
Hellenic State
Secessionist groups:
Ohrana
Këshilla
Vlach Legion (until Sep. 1943)
EAM-ELAS
EDES
EKKA
PAO
EOK
and others...
Supported by:
Greek government-in-exile
 United Kingdom (SOE)
Commanders and leaders
Günther Altenburg
Alexander Löhr
Hermann Neubacher
Walter Schimana
Hellmuth Felmy
Friedrich-Wilhelm Müller
Pellegrino Ghigi
Carlo Geloso
Piero Parini
Ivan Markov [bg]
Trifon Trifonov [bg]
Asen Sirakov
Georgios Tsolakoglou
Konstantinos Logothetopoulos
Ioannis Rallis
Georgios Bakos 
Georgios Poulos
Andon Kalchev
Xhemil Dino
Alcibiades Diamandi
Nicolaos Matussis
Aris Velouchiotis
Stefanos Sarafis
Andreas Tzimas
Evripidis Bakirtzis
Alexandros Svolos
Georgios Siantos

Napoleon Zervas
Komninos Pyromaglou
Dimitrios Psarros 
Georgios Kartalis
Nikolaos Plastiras
Kostas Perrikos 
Eddie Myers
C.M. Woodhouse
Patrick Leigh Fermor
W. Stanley Moss
Themis Marinos [el]
Strength
A total 180,000 men: 100,000 Germans, 40,000 Bulgarians, 40,000 others (1943)[1]
25,000 men of Security Battalions, Poulos Verband etc
45,000 men of ELAS (1944)
c.10,000 men of EDES (1944)
1,500 of EKKA
Casualties and losses
c.5,000-10,000 Germans killed[2][3]
1,305 Bulgarians killed
c. 2,000 Italians killed[4]
c.8,000 injured (in total)
5,000 POW
Unknown number of collaborators
4,500 ELAS members killed[4]
200 EKKA members
10,000 injured (in total)
50,000-70,000 civilians executed[5]
c.65,000 (including 60,000 Jews) were deported, from where a small number survived[6]
(40,000 died during the Great Famine)