Green Party (Romania)


The Green Party (Romanian: Partidul Verde), often shortened to The Greens (Verzii) is a Romanian political party centred on green politics. The Green Party is the only political party in Romania that is a member of the European Green Party. It is a full rights member of the European Green Party (EGP), represented by the Group of the Greens in the European Parliament. The Green Party in Romania has one vote in EGP Council, the leading European Greens' Leadership Group, which meets twice a year.

Green Party

Partidul Verde
Secretary-GeneralSilviu Dumitru
Executive PresidentConstantin Damov
Honorary PresidentsMarcian Bleahu
Silviu Popa
HeadquartersStr. Lipscani nr.19
Sector 3
Bucharest
Youth wingTinerii Verzi
Membership (2014)35,000[1]
IdeologyGreen politics
Progressivism[2]
Political positionCentre-left
European affiliationEuropean Green Party
International affiliationGlobal Greens
ColoursGreen
European Parliament
0 / 32
Senate
0 / 136
Chamber of Deputies
0 / 329
County Councils
0 / 1,340
Municipalities & Communes
1 / 3,174
Local Councils
117 / 39,900
Website
http://www.partidulverde.ro

History


The Green Party was founded in November 2005 by Gheorghe Ionicescu, after the merger of FER and AP was revoked.[3] Ecologist Federation of Romania (FER) was previously founded in 1990 and is the predecessor of the Green Party. He participated in the presidential election in 2009, supporting the candidacy of Remus Cernea. Also in 2009, Ionicescu died, and Silviu Popa was appointed as a chairperson of the Green Party to replace Ionicescu. Popa was validated at the party congress on September 26, 2009 and resigned in early 2012.

On March 19–21, 2010, at the 12th Meeting of the European Green Party Council held in Barcelona, where the Greens of Romania proposed the resolution titled “The need for European legislation against cyanide mining ” The resolution was adopted by the plenary of the European Greens Council.

At the Congress of January 14, 2012, Ovidiu-Cristian Iane was elected as a chairperson of the Green Party.

At the local elections held in 2012, the Green Party gained 2 mayors (Iclănzel - Mureş and Azuga - Prahova) and 124 local councilors, with 0.87% of the votes at national level. In the 2012, at the parliamentary elections, the Green Party had two MPs (Ovidiu Iane and Remus Cernea) on the USL lists.

On April 13, 2013, the MP Ovidiu Iane announced his resignation from the Green Party and adherence to the PSD.[4]

On May 13, 2013, in the context of the public debate on the exploration and exploitation of shale gas, the Green Party is drifted apart the SLU's position and remains consistent with environmental principles, according to the press release: "We oppose to the shale gas, mining operations at Rosia Montana (Roşia Montană), we are extremely concerned that within the SLU there are more and more opinions and intentions to go ahead, to move towards such projects on shale gas and cyanide. Under these conditions, we cannot continue the collaboration with SLU because we would support such a political direction. "

Policies


Despite its support for environmental causes, such as reforestation and reductions in carbon emissions, the Green Party also advocates some free-market policies, such as the privatisation of state-owned enterprises. It supports an extension in individual rights as well as greater separation of church and state, including a gradual removal of all state funding for religious institutions.[citation needed] Like the vast majority of Romanian political parties, it is supportive of European integration.

It is the Romanian party that is most supportive of LGBT rights, supporting same-sex marriage and civil partnerships, as well as measures to reduce homophobia in schools and society at large.[5] It supported a boycott of the 2018 Romanian constitutional referendum which attempted to ban same-sex marriage.

Electoral history


Legislative elections

Election Chamber Senate Position Aftermath
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
1990 did not compete Extra-parliamentary opposition to FSN government (until October 1991)
Extra-parliamentary opposition to FSN-PNL-MER-PDAR government
1992 2,117,144 19.46
0 / 341
2,210,722 20.16
0 / 143
 2nd 
(within CDR)1
Extra-parliamentary opposition to PDSR-PUNR-PRM government
1996 3,692,321 30.17
1 / 343
3,772,084 30.70
1 / 143
 1st 
(within CDR)2
CDR-USD-UDMR
2000 546,135 5.04
0 / 345
575,706 5.29
0 / 140
6th
(within CDR 2000)3
Extra-parliamentary opposition to PDSR minority government
2004 did not compete4
0 / 332
did not compete4
0 / 137
- Extra-parliamentary support to DA-PUR-UDMR government (until April 2007)
Extra-parliamentary support to PNL-UDMR minority government
2008 18,279 0.27
0 / 334
48,119 0.70
0 / 137
10th
(within Green Ecologist Party)5
Extra-parliamentary support to PDL-PSD government (until December 2009)
Extra-parliamentary support to PDL-UNPR-UDMR (until May 2012)
Extra-parliamentary support to USL government (until December 2012)
2012 did not compete6
2 / 412
did not compete6
0 / 176
- Supporting USL government (until March 2014)
Extra-parliamentary opposition to PSD-UNPR-UDMR-PC government (until December 2014)
Extra-parliamentary opposition to PSD-UNPR-ALDE government (until November 2015)
Extra-parliamentary support to Cioloș Cabinet (Ind.)
2016 566 0.01
0 / 329
719 0.01
0 / 136
15th Extra-parliamentary opposition to PSD-ALDE government (until August 2019)
Extra-parliamentary opposition to PSD minority government (until November 2019)
Extra-parliamentary support to PNL minority government
2020 20,614 0.35
0 / 329
23,085 0.39
0 / 136
13th Extra-parliamentary support to PNL-USR-PLUS-UDMR government (2020–present)

Notes:

1 CDR members in 1992: PNȚCD (21 senators and 41 deputies), PAC (7 senators and 13 deputies), PNL-CD (4 senators and 3 deputies), PNL-AT (1 senator and 11 deputies) and PSDR (1 senator and 10 deputies), PER and Ecologist Federation of Romania (FER); the latter did not managed to have any mandates.

2 CDR members in 1996: PNȚCD (25 senators and 81 deputies), PNL (22 senators and 28 deputies), PNL-CD (1 senator and 4 deputies), PAR (3 senators and 3 deputies), PER (1 senator and 5 deputies) and Ecologist Federation of Romania (FER).

3 CDR 2000: PNȚCD, UFD, Ecologist Federation of Romania (FER), National Christian Democratic Alliance (ANCD) and The Moldavians' Party (PM).

4 FER (Green Party's predecessor) previously merged with AP. The merger was revoked after the elections.

5 Green Ecologist Party members: PER and the Green Party.

6 Green Party competed on PSD ballot, within Social Liberal Union.

Presidential elections

Election Candidate First round Second round
Votes Percentage Position Votes Percentage Position
1990 did not compete
1992 Emil Constantinescu13,717,006
31.1%
 2nd 4,641,207
38.6%
 2nd 
1996 Emil Constantinescu13,569,941
28.2%
 2nd 7,057,906
54.4%
 1st 
2000 Mugur Isărescu21,069,463
9.5%
 4th 
2004 did not compete
2009 Remus Cernea60,539
0.62%
 8th 
2014 did not compete
2019 did not compete

Notes:

1 Emil Constantinescu was the common centre-right candidate that was endorsed by the Ecologist Federation of Romania (FER) in both 1992 and 1996 as part of the CDR.
2 Mugur Isărescu was endorsed by the Ecologist Federation of Romania (FER) at the 2000 elections as part of the CDR 2000 alliance.

European elections

ElectionVotesPercentageMEPsPositionEU PartyEP Group
2007 19,820 0.38%
0 / 32
14th EGP
2009 did not compete EGP
2014 did not compete EGP
2019 did not compete EGP

See also


References