Gregory of Nazianzus

Gregory of Nazianzus (Greek: Γρηγόριος ὁ Ναζιανζηνός, Grēgorios ho Nazianzēnos; c. 329[4] – 25 January 390),[4][5] also known as Gregory the Theologian or Gregory Nazianzen, was a 4th-century Archbishop of Constantinople, and theologian. He is widely considered the most accomplished rhetorical stylist of the patristic age.[6] As a classically trained orator and philosopher he infused Hellenism into the early church, establishing the paradigm of Byzantine theologians and church officials.[6]


Gregory of Nazianzus
Icon of St. Gregory the Theologian
Fresco from Kariye Camii, Istanbul, Turkey
Theologian, Doctor of the Church, Great Hierarch, Cappadocian Father, Ecumenical Teacher
BornAD 329
Arianzum, Cappadocia
Died25 January 390 (aged 60–61)
Arianzum, Cappadocia
Venerated inCatholic Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
Oriental Orthodoxy
Anglican Communion
Lutheranism
CanonizedPre-Congregation
Major shrinePatriarchal Cathedral of St. George in the Fanar
FeastCatholic Church: General Roman Calendar: 2 January[1]
General Roman Calendar of 1960: 9 May
Eastern Orthodox Church: 25 January (primary feast day)
30 January (Three Great Hierarchs)
Anglican Communion: 2 January[2]
Lutheran Church: 10 January (LCMS); 14 June (ELCA)
Armenian Apostolic Church: Saturday before the fourth Sunday of the Transfiguration or Saturday before the third Sunday of the Nativity[3]
AttributesVested as a bishop, wearing an omophorion; holding a Gospel Book or scroll. Iconographically, he is depicted as balding with a bushy white beard.
Gregory the Theologian
Theological work
Erapatristic age
LanguageGreek Language
Tradition or movementNicene Christianity
cataphatic theology
Pneumatology
Notable ideasTrinity
homoousia
consubstantiality
Theosis
Hypostasis

Gregory made a significant impact on the shape of Trinitarian theology among both Greek- and Latin-speaking theologians, and he is remembered as the "Trinitarian Theologian". Much of his theological work continues to influence modern theologians, especially in regard to the relationship among the three Persons of the Trinity. Along with the brothers Basil the Great and Gregory of Nyssa, he is known as one of the Cappadocian Fathers.

Gregory of Nazianzus is a saint in both Eastern and Western Christianity. In the Catholic Church he is numbered among the Doctors of the Church; in the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Eastern Catholic Churches he is revered as one of the Three Holy Hierarchs, along with Basil the Great and John Chrysostom. He is considered one of the Great Fathers in both Eastern and Western Christianity. He was considered the patron saint of Kotromanić dynasty and medieval Bosnia during the first half of the 15th century, while Saint George, the Miracle-worker, has been the patron saint since at least mid-13th century, although confirmed by papacy much later, in 1461. St. Gregory the Great was also considered the patron of both, the state and dynasty in the late 15th century.[7][8]

He is also one of only three men in the life of the Orthodox Church who have been officially designated "Theologian" by epithet,[9] the other two being John the Theologian (the Evangelist), and Symeon the New Theologian.