Guangxi

Guangxi /ɡwæŋˈʃ/ ([kwàŋ.ɕí] (listen); alternately romanized as Kwanghsi; Chinese: 广西; Zhuang: Gvangjsih), officially the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (GZAR), is an autonomous region of the People's Republic of China, located in South China and bordering Vietnam (Hà Giang, Cao Bằng, Lạng Sơn and Quảng Ninh Provinces) and the Gulf of Tonkin. Formerly a province, Guangxi became an autonomous region in 1958. Its current capital is Nanning.[6]

Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
广西壮族自治区
Name transcription(s)
  Chinese广西壮族自治区 (Guǎngxī Zhuàngzú Zìzhìqū)
  Abbreviation (Pinyin: Guì)
  ZhuangGvangjsih Bouxcuengh Swcigih
  Yue JyutpingGwong2sai1 Zong3zuk6 Zi6zi6keoi1
Map showing the location of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
Coordinates: 23.6°N 108.3°E / 23.6; 108.3
CountryChina
Named for广 guǎng – "Wide"
西 – "West"
Lit. "Western Expanse"
Capital
(and largest city)
Nanning
Divisions14 prefectures, 109 counties, 1396 townships
Government
  TypeAutonomous region
  BodyGuangxi Zhuang Autonomous Regional People's Congress
  CCP SecretaryLu Xinshe
  Congress chairmanLu Xinshe
  Gov't ChairmanLan Tianli
  CPPCC chairmanSun Dawei
Area
  Total237,600 km2 (91,700 sq mi)
Area rank9th
Highest elevation2,141 m (7,024 ft)
Population
 (2020)[1]
  Total50,126,804
  Rank11th
  Density210/km2 (550/sq mi)
  Density rank20th
Demographics
  Ethnic compositionHan – 62%
Zhuang – 32%
Yao – 3%
Miao – 1%
Dong – 0.7%
Vietnamese – 0.6%
Gelao – 0.4%
  Languages and dialectsZhuang, Yue languages (mainly Cantonese), Southwestern Mandarin, Pinghua
ISO 3166 codeCN-GX
GDP (2020)CNY 2.2 trillion
$ 321 billion (19th)[2]
 - per capitaCNY 44,201
USD 6,406 (31st)
 • growth 3.7%
HDI (2018) 0.726[3]
high · 24th
WebsiteGuangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
(Simplified Chinese)
Guangxi
Guǎngxī in Simplified (top) and Traditional (bottom) Chinese
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese广西
Traditional Chinese廣西
Hanyu PinyinGuǎngxī
PostalKwangsi
Literal meaningAn abbreviation of "Guǎng(nán)xī (Circuit)"
Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
Simplified Chinese广西自治区
Traditional Chinese廣西自治區 or 廣西僮族自治區[4]
Hanyu PinyinGuǎngxī Zhuàngzú Zìzhìqū
PostalKwangsi Chuang Autonomous Region
Vietnamese name
VietnameseQuảng Tây
long: Khu tự trị dân tộc Choang Quảng Tây
Zhuang name
ZhuangGvangjsih
long: Gvangjsih Bouxcuengh Swcigih
1957 orthographyGvaŋзsiƅ
long: Gvaŋзsiƅ Bouчcueŋƅ Sɯcigiƅ
Sawndip广西佈僮自治区
廣西佈僮自治區
English name
English/ˈɡwɑːŋˈs/[5]

Guangxi's location, in mountainous terrain in the far south of China, has placed it on the frontier of Chinese civilization throughout much of Chinese history. The current name "Guang" means "expanse" and has been associated with the region since the creation of Guang Prefecture in 226 AD. It was given provincial level status during the Yuan dynasty, but even into the 20th century it was considered an open, wild territory. The abbreviation of the region is "" (pinyin: Guì; Zhuang: Gvei), which comes from the name of the city of Guilin, the provincial capital during both the Ming dynasty and the Qing dynasty.

Guangxi contains the largest population of China's ethnic minorities, in particular the Zhuang people, who make up 32% of the population. Various regional languages and dialects such as Pinghua, Zhuang, Cantonese, Hakka and Min are spoken alongside Mandarin Chinese.[7]