Guatemala City

Guatemala City (Spanish: Ciudad de Guatemala), locally known as Guatemala or Guate, officially Ciudad de Guatemala (art. 231 of the Political Constitution of the Republic of Guatemala),[5] is the capital and largest city of Guatemala,[6] and the most populous urban area in Central America. The city is located in the south-central part of the country, nestled in a mountain valley called Valle de la Ermita (English: Hermitage Valley). It is estimated that its population is about 1 million. Guatemala City is also the capital of the Municipality of Guatemala and of the Guatemala Department.

Guatemala City
Ciudad de Guatemala
Capital City
Ciudad de Guatemala [1]
Top:View of Zona 14 area, Second:Santa Catamina Arch (Arco de Santa Catalina) in Antigua Guatemala heritage area, Miguel Angel Asturias Theater, (left to right) Third:Guatemala City National Palace, Guatemala City Metropolitan Cathedral, (left to right), Bottom:View of Centro Civico municipal business area
Motto(s): 
"Todos somos la ciudad" (We are all the city), "Tú eres la ciudad" (You are the city).
Interactive map outlining Guatemala City
Guatemala City
Location within Guatemala [2]
Guatemala City
Guatemala City (Central America)
Guatemala City
Guatemala City (America)
Guatemala City
Guatemala City (Earth)
Coordinates: 14°36′48″N 90°32′7″W
CountryGuatemala
DepartmentGuatemala
Established1776
Government
  TypeMunicipality
  MayorRicardo Quiñónez Lemus (Unionist)
Area
  Capital City220 km2 (80 sq mi)
  Water0 km2 (0 sq mi)
Elevation
1,500 m (4,900 ft)
Population
 (2018)
  Capital City995,393[3]
  Density4,196/km2 (10,870/sq mi)
  Urban
2,750,965
  Metro
3,700,000[4]
Time zoneUTC−06:00 (Central America)
ClimateCwb
Websitewww.muniguate.com

Guatemala City is the site of the Mayan city of Kaminaljuyu, founded around 1500 BC.[citation needed] Following the Spanish conquest, a new town was established, and in 1776 it was made capital of the Kingdom of Guatemala. In 1821, Guatemala City was the scene of the declaration of independence of Central America from Spain, after which it became the capital of the newly established United Provinces of Central America (later the Federal Republic of Central America).[citation needed] In 1847, Guatemala declared itself an independent republic, with Guatemala City as its capital. The city was originally located in what is now Antigua Guatemala, and was moved to its current location in 1777.[7] Guatemala City and the original location in Antigua Guatemala were almost completely destroyed by the 1917–18 earthquakes. Reconstructions following the earthquakes have resulted in a more modern architectural landscape.[citation needed]

Today, Guatemala City is the political, cultural, and economic center of Guatemala. It is served by La Aurora International Airport.