Guerrero (Spanish pronunciation: [ɡeˈreɾo]), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Guerrero (Spanish: Estado Libre y Soberano de Guerrero), is one of the 32 states that comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided in 81 municipalities and its capital city is Chilpancingo and its largest city is Acapulco. It is located in Southwestern Mexico. It is bordered by the states of Michoacán to the north and west, the State of Mexico and Morelos to the north, Puebla to the northeast and Oaxaca to the east. In addition to the capital city, the state's largest cities include Acapulco, Petatlán, Ciudad Altamirano, Taxco, Iguala, Ixtapa, Zihuatanejo, and Santo Domingo. Today, it is home to a number of indigenous communities, including the Nahuas, Mixtecs, Tlapanecs, Amuzgos, and formerly Cuitlatecs. It is also home to communities of Afro-Mexicans in the Costa Chica region.
|Free and Sovereign State of Guerrero|
Estado Libre y Soberano de Guerrero (Spanish)
Mi patria es primero(My country is first)
|Admission||October 27, 1849|
|• Governor||Héctor Astudillo Flores (PRI)|
|• Senators|| Nestora Salgado García|
J. Félix Salgado Macedonio
Manuel Añorve Baños
|• Total||63,596 km2 (24,555 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||3,550 m (11,650 ft)|
|• Density||56/km2 (140/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||16th|
|Time zone||UTC– 06:00 (CTZ)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC– 05:00 (CDT)|
|ISO 3166 code||MX-GRO|
|HDI||0.717 High Ranked 30th of 32|
|GDP||US$ 10,144,360,546 [a]|
|^ a. The state's GDP was 133,240,152,498 pesos in 2008, amount corresponding to 10,144,360,546 dollars, being a dollar worth 13,15 pesos (value of May 6, 2012).|
The state was named after Vicente Guerrero, one of the most prominent leaders in the Mexican War of Independence and the second President of Mexico. It is the only Mexican state named after a president. The modern entity did not exist until 1849, when it was carved out of territories from the states of Mexico, Puebla, and Michoacán.
Geographically, the state is mountainous and rugged with flat areas limited to small mesas and the Pacific coastline. This coastline has been important economically for the area, first as the port of Acapulco in colonial and post-Independence era and today for the tourist destinations of Acapulco, Zihuatanejo and Ixtapa. Tourism is the single most important economic factor of the state and Acapulco's tourism is important to the nation's economy as a whole. However, other sources of employment are scarce in the state, which has caused its ranking as number one in the emigration of workers to the United States.