Guiana Space Centre

The Guiana Space Centre (French: Centre spatial guyanais; CSG), also called Europe's Spaceport,[2][3] is a European spaceport to the northwest of Kourou in French Guiana, a region of France in South America. Kourou is located approximately 310 mi (500 km) north of the equator, at a latitude of 5°. In operation since 1968, it is suitable as a location for a spaceport, because of its equatorial location and open sea to the east.

Guiana Space Centre
Centre spatial guyanais

Panoramic view of Guiana Space Centre
Agency overview
Formed14 April 1964 (1964-04-14)
JurisdictionGovernment of France
HeadquartersKourou, French Guiana, France
Employees1,700 direct (2020)
7,500 indirect (2011)
Agency executive
  • Marie-Anne Clair, director
Parent agencyESA/EUSPA/CNES
Websitewww.cnes-csg.fr
Map
Map of Guiana Space Centre
Detailed map
Detailed map of Carbet Toukan pads
Guiana Space Centre
OperatorArianespace, ESA
Total launches316
Launch pad(s)7
Launch history
StatusActive
First launch10 March 1970
Diamant B / Mika / Wika
Last launch7 September 2022
Ariane 5 / Eutelsat Konnect VHTS
ALFS launch history
StatusInactive
Launches412
First launch1968
Last launch1981
Associated
rockets
Sounding rockets
ALD launch history
StatusInactive
Launches8
First launch10 March 1970
Diamant B / Mika / Wika
Last launch27 September 1975
Diamant BP4 / Aura
Associated
rockets
Diamant (retired)
Spectrum (future)[1]
ELV launch history
StatusActive
Launches47
First launch5 November 1971
Europa II / STV-4
Last launch13 July 2022
Vega (rocket) / VV21 Lares 2
Associated
rockets
Europa II (retired)
Ariane 1 (retired)
Ariane 2 (retired)
Ariane 3 (retired)
Vega (rocket) (current)
ELA-2 launch history
StatusInactive
Launches119
First launch28 March 1986
Ariane 3 / GStar-2
Last launch15 February 2003
Ariane 4 / Intelsat 907
Associated
rockets
Ariane 3 (retired)
Ariane 2 (retired)
Ariane 4 (retired)
ELA-3 launch history
StatusActive
Launches115
First launch4 June 1996
Ariane 5 / Cluster FM1
Last launch7 September 2022
Ariane 5 / Eutelsat Konnect VHTS
Associated
rockets
Ariane 5 (current)
ELS launch history
StatusActive
Launches27
First launch21 October 2011
Soyuz ST-B / Galileo (satellite navigation)
Last launch10 February 2022
Soyuz ST-B / OneWeb satellite constellation
Associated
rockets
Soyuz ST-A (current)
Soyuz ST-B (current)
ELA-4 launch history
StatusActive
Launches0
First launch2023 (planned)
Ariane 6
Last launch
Q
Associated
rockets
Ariane 6 (current)

The European Space Agency (ESA), the European Union Agency for the Space Programme (EUSPA), the French space agency CNES (National Centre for Space Studies), the Space Agency of the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azercosmos) and the commercial company Arianespace conduct launches from Kourou.[4][5][6] It was used by the ESA to send supplies to the International Space Station using the Automated Transfer Vehicle.


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