Gunnar Myrdal

Karl Gunnar Myrdal (/ˈmɜːrdɑːl, ˈmɪər-/ MUR-dahl, MEER-; Swedish: [ˈɡɵ̌nːar ˈmy̌ːɖɑːl]; 6 December 1898 – 17 May 1987) was a Swedish economist and sociologist. In 1974, he received the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences with Friedrich Hayek for "their pioneering work in the theory of money and economic fluctuations and for their penetrating analysis of the interdependence of economic, social and institutional phenomena."[2] He is best known in the United States for his study of race relations, which culminated in his book An American Dilemma: The Negro Problem and Modern Democracy. The study was influential in the 1954 landmark U.S. Supreme Court Decision Brown v. Board of Education. In Sweden, his work and political influence were important to the establishment of the Folkhemmet and the welfare state.

Gunnar Myrdal
Gunnar Myrdal in January 1964
Born
Karl Gunnar Myrdal

(1898-12-06)6 December 1898
Skattungbyn, Sweden
Died17 May 1987(1987-05-17) (aged 88)
Trångsund, Sweden
NationalitySwedish
Spouse(s)
(m. 1924; died 1986)
InstitutionStockholm University
NYU
FieldMacroeconomics, sociology
School or
tradition
Stockholm school
Alma materStockholm University
Doctoral
advisor
Gustav Cassel
Doctoral
students
InfluencesKnut Wicksell
John R. Commons[1]
Raúl Prebisch
ContributionsMonetary equilibrium, ex-ante, circular cumulative causation
AwardsNobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1974)[2]
Bronislaw Malinowski Award (1975)