Gwalior State

Gwalior state was a semi-autonomous Maratha state. It was centred in modern-day Madhya Pradesh, arising due to the rise of the Maratha Empire and fragmentation of the Mughal Empire.

Gwalior State
ग्वालियर राज्य
1731–1948
Flag of the state (1731–1818)
Coat of arms
Gwalior state in 1903
Capital
Common languagesBundeli, Hindi, Marathi
History 
 Established
1731
 Accession to
Dominion of India
15 June 1948
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Maratha Empire
Jhansi State
Dominion of India
Today part ofMadhya Pradesh, India
The Maharaja of Gwalior before his palace by Edwin Lord Weeks.

It was ruled by the House of Scindia (anglicized from Shinde), a Hindu Maratha dynasty, and was entitled to a 21-gun salute when it became a princely state of the India.[1] The state took its name from the old town of Gwalior, which, although not its first capital, was an important place because of its strategic location and the strength of its fort; it became later its capital, after Daulat Rao Sindhia built its palace in the village of Lashkar, near the fort. The state was founded in the early 18th century by Ranoji Sindhia, as part of the Maratha Confederacy. The administration of Ujjain was assigned by Peshwa Bajirao I to his faithful commander Ranoji Shinde and his Sarsenapati was Yasaji Rambhaji (Rege). The Diwan of Ranoji Shinde (Scindia) was Ramchandra Baba Shenvi who was very wealthy; he re-built the Sri Mahakala Temple in Ujjain during the 4th and 5th decades of the 18th century.[2][full citation needed]

Under Mahadji Sindhia (1761–1794) Gwalior State became a leading power in Central India, and dominated the affairs of the confederacy. The Anglo-Maratha Wars brought Gwalior State under British suzerainty, so that it became a princely state of the British Indian Empire. Gwalior was the largest state in the Central India Agency, under the political supervision of a Resident at Gwalior. In 1936, the Gwalior residency was separated from the Central India Agency, and made answerable directly to the Governor-General of India. After Indian Independence in 1947, the Scindia rulers acceded to the new Union of India, and Gwalior state was absorbed into the new Indian state of Madhya Bharat.[3]


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