Haikou (//; Chinese: 海口; pinyin: Hǎikǒu) is the capital and most populous city of the Chinese province of Hainan. Haikou city is situated on the northern coast of Hainan, by the mouth of the Nandu River. The northern part of the city is the district of Haidian Island, which is separated from the main part of Haikou by the Haidian River, a branch of the Nandu. Administratively, Haikou is a prefecture-level city, comprising four districts, and covering 2,280 square kilometres (880 sq mi). There are 2,046,189 inhabitants in the built up area all living within the 4 urban districts of the city.
Coconut City (椰城)
|Coordinates (Hainan People's Government):|
|• Type||Prefecture-level city|
|• Body||Haikou Municipal People's Congress|
|• CCP Secretary||He Zhongyou|
|• Congress Chairman||Du Liwen|
|• Mayor||Ding Hui|
|• CPPCC Chairman||Wang Yunxia|
|• Prefecture-level city||2,237 km2 (864 sq mi)|
|• Urban||427 km2 (165 sq mi)|
|• Metro||2,280 km2 (880 sq mi)|
|• Prefecture-level city||2,046,189|
|• Density||910/km2 (2,400/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||5,300/km2 (14,000/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||900/km2 (2,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+08:00 (China Standard)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-HI-01|
|Literal meaning||Mouth of the sea|
Haikou was originally a port city, serving as the port for Qiongshan . Haikou and Hainan remained under Nationalist control until Landing Operation on Hainan Island, when it fell to Communist rule. Currently, more than half of the island's total trade still goes through its ports. The Temple of the Five Lords is located to the southeast of the city.
The city is home to Hainan University, a comprehensive research university under the Project 211 and the Double First Class University Plan in certain disciplines, which has its main campus on Haidian Island.