Haikou

Haikou (/hˈk/;[3] Chinese: 海口; pinyin: Hǎikǒu) is the capital and most populous city of the Chinese province of Hainan.[4] Haikou city is situated on the northern coast of Hainan, by the mouth of the Nandu River. The northern part of the city is the district of Haidian Island, which is separated from the main part of Haikou by the Haidian River, a branch of the Nandu. Administratively, Haikou is a prefecture-level city, comprising four districts, and covering 2,280 square kilometres (880 sq mi). There are 2,046,189 inhabitants in the built up area all living within the 4 urban districts of the city.[5]

Haikou
海口市
Hoihow
Top: Panoramic view of Haikou from Xixiu Beach, Middle from left: A facade building in Zhongshan Road in Qiongshan District, Hainan Performance of Art Center, Haikou Century Bridge and Nandu River, Bottom: Haikou People's Park in Lonhua District
Nickname(s): 
Coconut City (椰城)
Location of Haikou City jurisdiction in Hainan
Haikou
Location of the city centre in Hainan
Coordinates (Hainan People's Government): 20°01′07″N 110°20′56″E
CountryChina
ProvinceHainan
Government
  TypePrefecture-level city
  BodyHaikou Municipal People's Congress
  CCP SecretaryHe Zhongyou
  Congress ChairmanDu Liwen
  MayorDing Hui
  CPPCC ChairmanWang Yunxia
Area
  Prefecture-level city2,237 km2 (864 sq mi)
  Urban
 (2018)[1]
427 km2 (165 sq mi)
  Metro
2,280 km2 (880 sq mi)
Population
 (2010 Census)
  Prefecture-level city2,046,189
  Density910/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
  Urban
 (2018)[2]
2,250,000
  Urban density5,300/km2 (14,000/sq mi)
  Metro
2,046,189
  Metro density900/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+08:00 (China Standard)
Postal code
570000
Area code(s)898
ISO 3166 codeCN-HI-01
Websitehaikou.gov.cn
Haikou
"Haikou", as written in Chinese
Chinese海口
Literal meaningMouth of the sea

Haikou was originally a port city, serving as the port for Qiongshan . Haikou and Hainan remained under Nationalist control until Landing Operation on Hainan Island, when it fell to Communist rule. Currently, more than half of the island's total trade still goes through its ports. The Temple of the Five Lords is located to the southeast of the city.

The city is home to Hainan University, a comprehensive research university under the Project 211 and the Double First Class University Plan in certain disciplines,[6] which has its main campus on Haidian Island.