Halifax, Nova Scotia

Halifax, formally known as the Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM), is the capital and largest municipality of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. It had a population of 403,131 in 2016, with 316,701 in the urban area centred on Halifax Harbour.[7][8] As of July 2020, Statistics Canada estimated the population of the CMA at 448,544.[9] The regional municipality consists of four former municipalities that were amalgamated in 1996: Halifax, Dartmouth, Bedford, and Halifax County.

Halifax
Halifax Regional Municipality
Clockwise from top: Downtown Halifax skyline, Crystal Crescent Beach, Central Library, Sullivan's Pond, Peggy's Cove, Macdonald Bridge
Motto(s): 
"E Mari Merces"  (Latin)
"From the Sea, Wealth"
Location in Nova Scotia
Halifax
Location in Canada
Coordinates: 44°52′00″N 63°42′58″W[1]
CountryCanada
ProvinceNova Scotia
Town1749
City1842
Regional municipalityApril 1, 1996
Named forGeorge Montagu-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax
Government
  TypeRegional Municipality
  MayorMike Savage
  Governing bodyHalifax Regional Council
  MPs
  MLAs
Area
 (2016)[2][3]
  Municipality5,490.35 km2 (2,119.84 sq mi)
  Urban
234.72 km2 (90.63 sq mi)
Highest elevation
241.9 m (793.6 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2016)[2]
  Municipality403,131[4]
  Density73.4/km2 (190/sq mi)
  Urban
316,701[5]
  Urban density1,349.3/km2 (3,495/sq mi)
  Change 2011-2016
3.3%
  Census ranking
14 of 5,162
Demonym(s)Haligonian
Time zoneUTC−04:00 (AST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−03:00 (ADT)
Postal code span
B0J ,B3A to B4G
Area codes902, 782
Dwellings (2016)[2][3]187,338
Median Income[lower-alpha 1]$54,129 CAD
Total Coastline2,400 km (1,491 mi)
NTS Map011D13
GNBC CodeCBUCG
GDP (Halifax CMA)CA$20.6 billion (2016)[6]
GDP per capita (Halifax CMA)CA$50,946 (2016)
Websitewww.halifax.ca
  1. Median household income, 2005 (all households)

Halifax is a major economic centre in Atlantic Canada, with a large concentration of government services and private sector companies. Major employers and economic generators include the Department of National Defence, Dalhousie University, Nova Scotia Health Authority, Saint Mary's University, the Halifax Shipyard, various levels of government, and the Port of Halifax. Agriculture, fishing, mining, forestry, and natural gas extraction are major resource industries found in the rural areas of the municipality.