Hama

Hama (Arabic: حَمَاة Ḥamāh, [ħaˈmaː]; Syriac: ܚܡܬ, romanized: Ḥmṭ, lit.'fortress'; Biblical Hebrew: חֲמָת Ḥamāṯ) is a city on the banks of the Orontes River in west-central Syria. It is located 213 km (132 mi) north of Damascus and 46 kilometres (29 mi) north of Homs. It is the provincial capital of the Hama Governorate. With a population of 854,000 (2009 census), Hama is the fourth-largest city in Syria after Damascus, Aleppo and Homs.[2][3]

Hama
حَمَاة
City
Clockwise from top:
Hama skyline, Azem Palace, Al-Hassanein Mosque, Nur al-Din Mosque, Khan Rustem Pasha, Norias of Hama
Nicknames: 
Mother of Norias (أم النواعير)
City of Abulfeda (مدينة أبي الفداء)
Hama
Location in Syria
Coordinates: 35°08′N 36°45′E
CountrySyria
GovernorateHama
DistrictHama
SubdistrictHama
Government
  GovernorAbdul Razzaq al-Qutaini
Elevation
305 m (1,001 ft)
Population
 (2004 census)
  Total312,994[1]
  Ethnicities
Syrians
  Religions
Sunni Islam
Syriac Orthodox Church
Greek Orthodox Church
Demonym(s)Arabic: حموي, romanized: Ḥamwi
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Area code(s)33
GeocodeC2987
ClimateBSh
Websitewww.ehama.sy

The city is renowned for its seventeen norias used for watering the gardens, which are locally claimed to date back to 1100 BC. Though historically used for purpose of irrigation, the norias exist today as an almost entirely aesthetic traditional show.